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Observation-based system for monitoring and verification of greenhouse gases

Deliverables

First High Resolution emission data 2005-2015

Anthropogenic CO2 (including biofuel) and co-emitted species grid maps.

First version of VERIFY Database and data-management infrastructure

Data & information infrastructure in line with the ICOS Carbon Portal and Copernicus and with software for flexible access to GHG data extracts and with sitemap. First version delivered in first project year.

First CH4 and N2O fluxes from selected inversion frameworks

CH4 and N2O flux maps for Europe at 0.5°×0.5° for 2005-2015 updated annually to 2 years before present. First delivery in first project year.

First Present year-1 emission inventory and grids

Present year-1 emission inventory and grids with annual extension of time series; Output to bridge the gap

First - State-of-the-art database

Database of collated state-of-the-art datasets, including a PDD

First CH4 and N2O fluxes from anthropogenic sources from BU models

CH4 and N2O flux maps for Europe at 0.1°×0.1° from 2005 to 1 or 2 years before present (depending on data availability). First delivery in the second project year.

Community Inversion Framework (CIF)

LSCE (with NILU from WP4) Inversion code with a comprehensive documentation on how to install and use the CIF (a PDD); result from the Task3.3.2

Second Re-analysis of the national scale CO2 anthropogenic emissions over 2005-2015

Inversions of the CO2 anthropogenic emissions based on the assimilation of satellite CO and NO2 data.

First Bottom-up model simulations

High-resolution model simulations of net annual C fluxes over Europe, including a PDD

First, fast-track, Re-analysis of the national scale CO2 anthropogenic emissions over 2005-2015

Inversions of the CO2 anthropogenic emissions based on the assimilation of satellite CO and NO2 data.

Second CH4 and N2O fluxes from anthropogenic sources from BU models

CH4 and N2O flux maps for Europe at 0.1°×0.1° from 2005 to 1 or 2 years before present (depending on data availability) and updated in the third project year.

Second - State-of-the-art database

Database of collated state-of-the-art datasets, including a PDD

Second High Resolution emission data 2005-2016

Anthropogenic CO2 (including biofuel) and co-emitted species grid maps

Second Complete NEE inversions

Second pre-operational system for independent verification of annual NEE at national / continental scale, including a PDD

First CH4 fluxes from wetlands and water bodies from BU models

CH4 flux maps for Europe at 0.1°×0.1° from 2005 to 1 or 2 years before present. First delivery in the second project year.

Second Bottom-up model simulations

High-resolution model simulations of net annual C fluxes over Europe, including a PDD

Second CH4 and N2O fluxes from selected inversion frameworks

CH4 and N2O flux maps for Europe at 0.5°×0.5° for 2005-2015 updated annually to 2 years before present. Second delivery in second project year.

Second CH4 fluxes from wetlands and water bodies from BU models

CH4 flux maps for Europe at 0.1°×0.1° from 2005 to 1 or 2 years before present and updated in the third project year.

Second Present year-1 emission inventory and grids

Output from emission model to bridge the gap between D2.1 reporting years and the needs for present year-1 data for the pre-operational system. Second delivery in third project year.

First Complete NEE inversions

First pre-operational system for independent verification of annual NEE at national / continental scale, including a PDD

VERIFY public website

Public website presenting project approach, consortium and current results, and promoting public and stakeholder outreach.

Value of reactive trace gases observed by TROPOMI to improve quantitative analysis of ffCO2

Demonstrate the value of using reactive trace gases observed by TROPOMI to improve quantitative analysis of ffCO2

Synthesis of the EU contribution to change in global radiative forcing for CO2, CH4 and N2O

Combined analysis of the CO2, CH4, and N2O global budgets and assessment of the EU contribution.

First report on the research needs for verification

Consultation of the EU community on the research needs for verification to be part of the development of the Future Earth KAN. First report delivered in second project year.

Uncertainty and bias of XCH4 from TROPOMI

Characterization of XCH4 retrievals from Sentinel 5P TROPOMI instrument and error correction model.

Synergies and Complementarities between VERIFY, CHE and other related initiatives

Report outlining the potential for synergies, complementarities and collaboration between VERIFY and CHE or other projects

Verification requirements assessment

Analysis on tools and methods available for independent verification

Uncertainty analysis for the dynamical inventory model

Identification of the parameters driving the largest uncertainties in the emissions at the national scale

Attribution of recent emission trends to drivers (Kaya) for tracking progress towards emission reduction pledges

Peer-reviewed publication analyzing past trends and performing near term future projections for tracking progress towards emission reduction pledges. Data used in Task 6.4 of WP6.

Terminology analysis

Assessment of terminologies and definitions used under UNFCCC policy and reporting processes and relevant scientific studies

Temporal variations of proxy/ffCO2 ratios

Results from the continuous measurements at Karlsruhe, Germany

Second ad hoc meeting for networking between national inventory agencies and the scientific community

Second meeting for exchange of knowledge, take stock of progress and evaluation of results compared to the project objectives.

First ad hoc meeting for networking between national inventory agencies and the scientific community

First meeting for exchange of knowledge, take stock of progress and evaluation of results compared to the project objectives.

First progress report on the VERIFY cooperation with Global Initiatives including UNFCCC/SBSTA, GCOS and WMO/IG3IS

Activities towards the global systems reported at M25 in a first report. Will be updated in a second an final report at M45. The report will also include requirements to VERIFY further development. It will ingest other deliverables and provide an overview.

MRV User Requirement Document

Assessment of policy requirements for MRV in the current and future policy framework, including summary of reporting requirement (D1.4)

List of best practices to be used to improve inventories in EU countries

Country- and sector-specific evaluation of highly uncertain estimates and cross-country knowledge transfer of improving the estimates by best practices from similar EU countries.

First progress report on the VERIFY cooperation with GEO Initiative on C and GHG

First delivery of the report of the activities towards the GEO-C Initiative at M24. An update will be delivered at M44. The report will also include requirements to VERIFY further development resulting from the further development of GEOSS.

Consolidated reporting requirement assessment

Assessment of the reporting requirements in terms of methodologies, data gaps and tools on the basis of the factsheets

First, fast-track BLUE analysis

First version of the land use impact analysis (BLUE) using previous model simulations.

First report - Reconciliation of bottom-up and top-down methods at sub-national scales

First report reconciling the differences between bottom-up and top-down emission estimates, providing a assessment of persistent differences and their potential causes. To be based on pre-VERIFY data-sets

Second report - Reconciliation of bottom-up and top-down methods at sub-national scales

Second Report reconciling the differences between bottom-up and top-down emission estimates, providing a assessment of persistent differences and their potential causes.

Ground based measurements of column CO2 in Russia and improved estimates of XCO2 from satellite data

Ground based measurements of column CO2 (FTIR) in Russia and improved estimates of XCO2 from OCO2 satellite data

Second report on EU contribution to the Global Budgets for CO2, CH4, and N2O updated annually

Regular updates of the global emissions of CO2 and their partitioning in the environment, with an assessment of the EU contribution to the CO2 fluxes, and to CH4, and N2O global budgets delivered through the GCP.

Structural uncertainties

Peer-reviewed publication identifying and quantifying the main differences between independent bottom-up estimates and UNFCCC reported emission inventories

Third data management plan

The plan will describe how the research data collected and generated during the project will be managed during the project. The plan will define types of data and IP generated by the project, and which procedures regarding their management will be applied, e.g. which data/IP shall be available freely to all partners, and which data/IP to be protected by patent, copyright, etc. The plan will be updated for each reporting period.

First data management plan

The plan will describe how the research data collected and generated during the project will be managed during the project. The plan will define types of data and IP generated by the project, and which procedures regarding their management will be applied, e.g. which data/IP shall be available freely to all partners, and which data/IP to be protected by patent, copyright, etc. The plan will be updated for each reporting period.

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Publications

Optimizing a dynamic fossil fuel CO<sub>2</sub> emission model with CTDAS (CarbonTracker Data Assimilation Shell, v1.0) for an urban area using atmospheric observations of CO<sub>2</sub>, CO, NO<sub><i>x</i></sub>, and SO<sub>2</sub>

Author(s): Ingrid Super, Hugo A. C. Denier van der Gon, Michiel K. van der Molen, Stijn N. C. Dellaert, Wouter Peters
Published in: Geoscientific Model Development, Issue 13/6, 2020, Page(s) 2695-2721, ISSN 1991-959X
DOI: 10.5194/gmd-13-2695-2020

European anthropogenic AFOLU greenhouse gas emissions: a review and benchmark data

Author(s): Ana Maria Roxana Petrescu, Glen P. Peters, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Philippe Ciais, Francesco N. Tubiello, Giacomo Grassi, Gert-Jan Nabuurs, Adrian Leip, Gema Carmona-Garcia, Wilfried Winiwarter, Lena Höglund-Isaksson, Dirk Günther, Efisio Solazzo, Anja Kiesow, Ana Bastos, Julia Pongratz, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Giulia Conchedda, Roberto Pilli, Robbie M. Andrew, Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Albertus J. Dol
Published in: Earth System Science Data, Issue 12/2, 2020, Page(s) 961-1001, ISSN 1866-3508
DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-961-2020

Carbon dioxide emissions continue to grow amidst slowly emerging climate policies

Author(s): G. P. Peters, R. M. Andrew, J. G. Canadell, P. Friedlingstein, R. B. Jackson, J. I. Korsbakken, C. Le Quéré, A. Peregon
Published in: Nature Climate Change, Issue 10/1, 2020, Page(s) 3-6, ISSN 1758-678X
DOI: 10.1038/s41558-019-0659-6

Ensemble-based satellite-derived carbon dioxide and methane column-averaged dry-air mole fraction data sets (2003–2018) for carbon and climate applications

Author(s): Maximilian Reuter, Michael Buchwitz, Oliver Schneising, Stefan Noël, Heinrich Bovensmann, John P. Burrows, Hartmut Boesch, Antonio Di Noia, Jasdeep Anand, Robert J. Parker, Peter Somkuti, Lianghai Wu, Otto P. Hasekamp, Ilse Aben, Akihiko Kuze, Hiroshi Suto, Kei Shiomi, Yukio Yoshida, Isamu Morino, David Crisp, Christopher W. O'Dell, Justus Notholt, Christof Petri, Thorsten Warneke, Voltaire A. Ve
Published in: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Issue 13/2, 2020, Page(s) 789-819, ISSN 1867-1381
DOI: 10.5194/amt-13-789-2020

Temporary reduction in daily global CO2 emissions during the COVID-19 forced confinement

Author(s): Sam Abernethy; Matthew W. Jones; Josep G. Canadell; Glen P. Peters; Corinne Le Quéré; Felix Creutzig; David R. Willis; Yuli Shan; Robert B. Jackson; Anthony J. De-Gol; Pierre Friedlingstein; Pierre Friedlingstein; Robbie M. Andrew; Adam J. P. Smith
Published in: Nature Climate Change, Issue 10, 2020, ISSN 1758-678X
DOI: 10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x

The Global Methane Budget 2000–2017

Author(s): Marielle Saunois, Ann R. Stavert, Ben Poulter, Philippe Bousquet, Josep G. Canadell, Robert B. Jackson, Peter A. Raymond, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Sander Houweling, Prabir K. Patra, Philippe Ciais, Vivek K. Arora, David Bastviken, Peter Bergamaschi, Donald R. Blake, Gordon Brailsford, Lori Bruhwiler, Kimberly M. Carlson, Mark Carrol, Simona Castaldi, Naveen Chandra, Cyril Crevoisier, Patrick M. Cril
Published in: Earth System Science Data, Issue 12/3, 2020, Page(s) 1561-1623, ISSN 1866-3508
DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-1561-2020

A comprehensive quantification of global nitrous oxide sources and sinks

Author(s): Hanqin Tian, Rongting Xu, Josep G. Canadell, Rona L. Thompson, Wilfried Winiwarter, Parvadha Suntharalingam, Eric A. Davidson, Philippe Ciais, Robert B. Jackson, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Michael J. Prather, Pierre Regnier, Naiqing Pan, Shufen Pan, Glen P. Peters, Hao Shi, Francesco N. Tubiello, Sönke Zaehle, Feng Zhou, Almut Arneth, Gianna Battaglia, Sarah Berthet, Laurent Bopp, Alexander F. Bouw
Published in: Nature, Issue 586/7828, 2020, Page(s) 248-256, ISSN 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2780-0

A comparison of estimates of global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil carbon sources

Author(s): Robbie M. Andrew
Published in: Earth System Science Data, Issue 12/2, 2020, Page(s) 1437-1465, ISSN 1866-3508
DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-1437-2020

Global Carbon Budget 2019

Author(s): Pierre Friedlingstein, Matthew W. Jones, Michael O'Sullivan, Robbie M. Andrew, Judith Hauck, Glen P. Peters, Wouter Peters, Julia Pongratz, Stephen Sitch, Corinne Le Quéré, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Robert B. Jackson, Peter Anthoni, Leticia Barbero, Ana Bastos, Vladislav Bastrikov, Meike Becker, Laurent Bopp, Erik Buitenhuis, Naveen Chandra, Frédéric Chevallier,
Published in: Earth System Science Data, Issue 11/4, 2019, Page(s) 1783-1838, ISSN 1866-3508
DOI: 10.5194/essd-11-1783-2019

Changes in net ecosystem exchange over Europe during the 2018 drought based on atmospheric observations

Author(s): R. L. Thompson, G. Broquet, C. Gerbig, T. Koch, M. Lang, G. Monteil, S. Munassar, A. Nickless, M. Scholze, M. Ramonet, U. Karstens, E. van Schaik, Z. Wu, C. Rödenbeck
Published in: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Issue 375/1810, 2020, Page(s) 20190512, ISSN 0962-8436
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0512

Persistent fossil fuel growth threatens the Paris Agreement and planetary health

Author(s): R B Jackson, P Friedlingstein, R M Andrew, J G Canadell, C Le Quéré, G P Peters
Published in: Environmental Research Letters, Issue 14/12, 2019, Page(s) 121001, ISSN 1748-9326
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab57b3

Verifiable soil organic carbon modelling to facilitate regional reporting of cropland carbon change: A test case in the Czech Republic

Author(s): Balkovič, J., Madaras, M., Skalský, R., Folberth, C. and others
Published in: Journal of Environmental Management, Issue Volume 274, 2020, ISSN 0301-4797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111206

Species-specific, pan-European diameter increment models based on data of 2.3 million trees

Author(s): Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Geerten M Hengeveld, Nanny Heidema, Esther Thürig, Brigitte Rohner, Giorgio Vacchiano, Jordi Vayreda, John Redmond, Jarosław Socha, Jonas Fridman, Stein Tomter, Heino Polley, Susana Barreiro, Gert-Jan Nabuurs
Published in: Forest Ecosystems, Issue 5/1, 2018, ISSN 2197-5620
DOI: 10.1186/s40663-018-0133-3

Uncertainty in the global oceanic CO<sub>2</sub> uptake induced by wind forcing: quantification and spatial analysis

Author(s): Alizée Roobaert, Goulven G. Laruelle, Peter Landschützer, Pierre Regnier
Published in: Biogeosciences, Issue 15/6, 2018, Page(s) 1701-1720, ISSN 1726-4189
DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-1701-2018

Emissions are still rising: ramp up the cuts

Author(s): Christiana Figueres, Corinne Le Quéré, Anand Mahindra, Oliver Bäte, Gail Whiteman, Glen Peters & Dabo Guan
Published in: Nature, Issue 564/7734, 2018, Page(s) 27-30, ISSN 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/d41586-018-07585-6

Actual European forest management by region, tree species and owner based on 714,000 re-measured trees in national forest inventories

Author(s): Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Jonas Fridman, Geerten M. Hengeveld, Helena M. Henttonen, Aleksi Lehtonen, Uwe Kies, Nike Krajnc, Bas Lerink, Áine Ní Dhubháin, Heino Polley, Thomas A. M. Pugh, John J. Redmond, Brigitte Rohner, Cristian Temperli, Jordi Vayreda, Gert-Jan Nabuurs
Published in: PLOS ONE, Issue 13/11, 2018, Page(s) e0207151, ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207151

Global Carbon Budget 2018

Author(s): Corinne Le Quéré, Robbie M. Andrew, Pierre Friedlingstein, Stephen Sitch, Judith Hauck, Julia Pongratz, Penelope A. Pickers, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Glen P. Peters, Josep G. Canadell, Almut Arneth, Vivek K. Arora, Leticia Barbero, Ana Bastos, Laurent Bopp, Frédéric Chevallier, Louise P. Chini, Philippe Ciais, Scott C. Doney, Thanos Gkritzalis, Daniel S. Goll, Ian Harris, Vanessa Haverd, Forrest M
Published in: Earth System Science Data, Issue 10/4, 2018, Page(s) 2141-2194, ISSN 1866-3516
DOI: 10.5194/essd-10-2141-2018

Methane budget estimates in Finland from the CarbonTracker Europe-CH 4 data assimilation system

Author(s): Aki Tsuruta, Tuula Aalto, Leif Backman, Maarten C. Krol, Wouter Peters, Sebastian Lienert, Fortunat Joos, Paul A. Miller, Wenxin Zhang, Tuomas Laurila, Juha Hatakka, Ari Leskinen, Kari E. J. Lehtinen, Olli Peltola, Timo Vesala, Janne Levula, Ed Dlugokencky, Martin Heimann, Elena Kozlova, Mika Aurela, Annalea Lohila, Mari Kauhaniemi, Angel J. Gomez-Pelaez
Published in: Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 2019, Page(s) 1-20, ISSN 1600-0889
DOI: 10.1080/16000889.2018.1565030

Simulated Arctic Ocean Response to Doubling of Riverine Carbon and Nutrient Delivery

Author(s): J. Terhaar, J. C. Orr, C. Ethé, P. Regnier, L. Bopp
Published in: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Issue 33/8, 2019, Page(s) 1048-1070, ISSN 0886-6236
DOI: 10.1029/2019gb006200

Calibrating the sqHIMMELI v1.0 wetland methane emission model with hierarchical modeling and adaptive MCMC

Author(s): Jouni Susiluoto, Maarit Raivonen, Leif Backman, Marko Laine, Jarmo Makela, Olli Peltola, Timo Vesala, Tuula Aalto
Published in: Geoscientific Model Development, Issue 11/3, 2018, Page(s) 1199-1228, ISSN 1991-9603
DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-1199-2018

Drivers of declining CO2 emissions in 18 developed economies

Author(s): Corinne Le Quéré, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Charlie Wilson, Jale Tosun, Robbie Andrew, Robert J. Andres, Josep G. Canadell, Andrew Jordan, Glen P. Peters, Detlef P. van Vuuren
Published in: Nature Climate Change, Issue 9/3, 2019, Page(s) 213-217, ISSN 1758-678X
DOI: 10.1038/s41558-019-0419-7

Microbial Controls on the Biogeochemical Dynamics in the Subsurface

Author(s): Martin Thullner, Pierre Regnier
Published in: Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Issue 85/1, 2019, Page(s) 265-302, ISSN 1529-6466
DOI: 10.2138/rmg.2019.85.9

Reconciling global-model estimates and country reporting of anthropogenic forest CO2 sinks

Author(s): Giacomo Grassi, Jo House, Werner A. Kurz, Alessandro Cescatti, Richard A. Houghton, Glen P. Peters, Maria J. Sanz, Raul Abad Viñas, Ramdane Alkama, Almut Arneth, Alberte Bondeau, Frank Dentener, Marianela Fader, Sandro Federici, Pierre Friedlingstein, Atul K. Jain, Etsushi Kato, Charles D. Koven, Donna Lee, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Alexander A. Nassikas, Lucia Perugini, Simone Rossi, Stephen Sitch,
Published in: Nature Climate Change, Issue 8/10, 2018, Page(s) 914-920, ISSN 1758-678X
DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0283-x

Gridded fossil CO2 emissions and related O2 combustion consistent with national inventories 1959–2018

Author(s): Matthew W. Jones, Robbie M. Andrew, Glen P. Peters, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Anthony J. De-Gol, Philippe Ciais, Prabir K. Patra, Frederic Chevallier, Corinne Le Quéré
Published in: Scientific Data, Issue 8/1, 2021, ISSN 2052-4463
DOI: 10.1038/s41597-020-00779-6

Uncertainty analysis of a European high-resolution emission inventory of CO&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt; and CO to support inverse modelling and network design

Author(s): Ingrid Super, Stijn N. C. Dellaert, Antoon J. H. Visschedijk, Hugo A. C. Denier van der Gon
Published in: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Issue 20/3, 2020, Page(s) 1795-1816, ISSN 1680-7316
DOI: 10.5194/acp-20-1795-2020

Toward an Operational Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions Monitoring and Verification Support Capacity

Author(s): Doubovik, Oleg,; Janssens-Maenhout, G.; Pinty, B.; Dowell, M.; Zunker, H.; Andersson, E.; Balsamo, G.; Bézy, J.-L.; Brunhes, T.; Bösch, H.; Bojkov, B.; Brunner, D.; Buchwitz, M.; Crisp, D.; Ciais, P.; Counet, P.; Dee, D.; Denier Van Der Gon, H.; Dolman, H.; Drinkwater, M.; Dubovik, O.; Engelen, R.; Fehr, T.; Fernandez, V.; Heimann, M.; Holmlund, K.; Houweling, S.; Husband, R.; Juvyns, O.; Kentar
Published in: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Issue 101, 2020, ISSN 0003-0007
DOI: 10.1175/bams-d-19-0017.1

Fossil CO2 emissions in the post-COVID-19 era

Author(s): Corinne Le Quéré, Glen P. Peters, Pierre Friedlingstein, Robbie M. Andrew, Josep G. Canadell, Steven J. Davis, Robert B. Jackson & Matthew W. Jones
Published in: Nature Climate Change, 2021, ISSN 1758-678X
DOI: 10.1038/s41558-021-01001-0

Global Carbon Budget 2020

Author(s): Pierre Friedlingstein, Michael O'Sullivan, Matthew W. Jones, Robbie M. Andrew, Judith Hauck, Are Olsen, Glen P. Peters, Wouter Peters, Julia Pongratz, Stephen Sitch, Corinne Le Quéré, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Robert B. Jackson, Simone Alin, Luiz E. O. C. Aragão, Almut Arneth, Vivek Arora, Nicholas R. Bates, Meike Becker, Alice Benoit-Cattin, Henry C. Bittig, Laurent Bopp, Selma Bultan
Published in: Earth System Science Data, Issue 12/4, 2020, Page(s) 3269-3340, ISSN 1866-3508
DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-3269-2020

Global energy growth is outpacing decarbonization

Author(s): R B Jackson, C Le Quéré, R M Andrew, J G Canadell, J I Korsbakken, Z Liu, G P Peters, B Zheng
Published in: Environmental Research Letters, Issue 13/12, 2018, Page(s) 120401, ISSN 1748-9326
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aaf303