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Living Lab research concept in Rural Areas

Deliverables

Report on the development of territorial guidelines

Given the steps completed before, the practical guideline for the concrete implementation of the Regional Circular Living Lab Approach is the natural outcome of this WP. The guideline will contain step – by – step the procedure for implementing the new approach in the piloting areas in close cooperation with the piloting area partners, including regional stakeholders’ involvement and feedback; therefore, one regionally adapted guideline will be developed for one piloting area, for a total of 13 regions.

LIVERUR Pilot Impact Assessment Report

For the Implementation of the Circular Living Lab approach the Impact assessment will be supported by an indicators system and circularity evaluation including quantitative and qualitative information collecting evidence about the progress for individual pilot actions and also for further comparative analysis between the 13 pilot actions to be included in the ToolboxLIVERUR partners participating in this task will set out key elements for the impact assessment including a circularity index system based in 5 main areas sustainability innovation governance efficiency of regional and cross regional value chains and communication of the previous areas The IA will have in account circularity indicators predicted in the Commission Circular Economy Action Plan that might arise during the project implementation This indicators system will permit the project piloting areas to better identify circularity and consequently better implement itImpact will be assessed continuously throughout this work package in order to review and adapt the piloting strategy whenever the consortium finds necessaryThis task to better support the development of task 55 and future policy orientations on New Rural Business Models and Circularity

Report on the round tables

The aim of this first task is to firstly gather needs and challenges of the entrepreneurs present in the piloting territories. The high variety of entrepreneurs and piloting areas allow to have a representative sample of what rural businesses require and need; there is no doubt that platform already developed for cities and urban areas are not suitable for adaptation, since need, challenges and requirements are intrinsically different. In this perspective, on round table will be held in every piloting areas and entrepreneurs will be interviewed according to a pre-elaborated questionnaire. The questions will be aimed to target precisely the needs and the requirements of the business man without running the risks of losing important details. Discussion on the outcomes will be also held.

Testing piloting areas orientations for the Toolbox

A Circular Living Lab Toolbox will be developed in order to help all the 13 piloting areas implement the framework in their regions and will include guidelines on how to manage a Living Lab a RACI matrix with the results from the stakeholders analysis done in task 51 and with material for their involvement and active participation having as orientation the action catalogue httpactioncatalogueeusearch The Toolbox will include a complementary programme dedicated to capacity building with activities addressed to Start Ups or SMAEs with New Business Model Ideas It will consist of a set of training and mentoring programmes on New Business Models with the objective to support and help in the development of new business ideas for the companies in partner regions The Circular Living Lab ToolBox will have the steps to be carried out during the pilot implementation process i preparation ii design iii implementation and stakeholder involvement iv synthesis v feedback and followup vi evaluation and vii keep the loop

Knowledge Transfer Sessions

In order to increase the impact of the project test the feasibility and replicate the mechanism into other contexts Rural and nonrural it is necessary to share the project knowledge and experiences Partners and Living Lab users feedback analysis will be shared in two sessions of round tables M20 and M40 For the first roundtable M20 the objective is to have an open dialogue on LIVERUR project to the New Rural Businesses Models and a critical review on the operational capacity of the Living Labs and of the Piloting Implementation in order to make improvements For the second roundtable M40 to be held in Brussels it will be discussed the impact assessment report results and the feasibility of the model to other contexts

Mass Media Campaign

A Mass Media Campaign will include the creation of the LIVERUR registered trademark, as corporative image for the project, developing sense of ownership not only by the consortium members, but by final users and beneficiaries. This trademark will be designed within a contest developed during the first steps of the LIVERUR project, between the participant entities and organizations involved in all WPs. As part of the media campaign, the following actions will be implemented: o At least 250 Publication in Newspapers and magazines o At least 50 Press releases in all consortium partner organizations’ countries with outputs o 6 e – newsletter addressed to beneficiaries of the LIVERUR actions in all partner languages o 1500 Brochures, booklets, flyers coinciding with main milestones of the project (kick – off meeting, local open days about the project, etc…) o At least 200 Radio & Television interviews involving LIVERUR staff and representatives, as the Advisory Board Members.

Report on the multi – modal approach for including circular approaches utilizing system dynamics

This task is devoted to the creation of a multi – modal approach in order to better integrate circular component into living lab business models identified in task 4.1. Based on WP2 results and task 4.1 outcomes and with the utilization of system dynamics analysis, it will be possible to create a roadmap able to include circular economy and living lab elements in the 1 or 2 business models identified for every piloting areas.

Report of Analysis of the implementation challenges

Rural living labs as experimentation environments based on dialogue are also mechanisms to discover and bridge gaps and to create change. In order to monitor and compare the various rural living labs as innovation mechanisms, the socio-technical systems view on information systems change provides a useful framework, distinguishing between “building system” and “work system” and describing the dynamics of these systems in terms of interactions between tasks, actors, technologies , structures , legal and institutional barriers and financing opportunities . Extending the framework, T3.3 will make analysis between three different and interacting systems that comprise the view of living labs as part of socio- technical change in rural areas : (1) The living lab innovation system; (2) The living lab building system; (3) The rural development system.

Circular Rural Business Hub: data base for piloting and stakeholders’ involvement

Taking a Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) approach, the LIVERUR project will use the Living Labs and Co-creation methodologies to gather and involve all the relevant stakeholders in a Public-Private-People Partnership (PPPP) in the Piloting Actions. The effectiveness of the Piloting Actions implementation is very much dependent on the partnerships developed and on the involvement and cooperation of the various stakeholders for which one of the 13 piloting regions. The first step for the piloting Implementation is the analysis of the territories from a holistic view on their entrepreneurial characteristics and on their participation characteristics in order to have the idea of which participatory methodologies best suit. To successfully implement the piloting territories LIVERUR consortium will proceed with: (i) Identification of the rural activities for which of the 13 piloting territories; (ii) Stakeholders survey on type, interests, different knowledge levels and needs; (iii) Co-creation and other stakeholder’ involvement techniques and communication material, based on the knowledge acquired in task 3.3.

Social Media Campaign

A Social Media Campaign (SMC): a team of technicians will be directly working with the most influencing social networks in the rural sector, as Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram and YouTube. While the coordination of the campaign will be handled by WP7 leader, UCAM, the technical implementation will be done under the tool developed by WP6 team. Before the definitive launching of the tool, the WP7 leader will be responsible for saving and recording all the social media news, information, videos, etc… created under the LIVERUR Project umbrella and addressed to the direct and indirect beneficiaries of the project. The activities will be implemented, starting in M9 (first output of the project, D.3.1. Report of Case Studies on Rural Living Lab’s Definition) and ending in M36, with the final dissemination event (Milestone MS…).

IRP Strategy

IPR Policy To safeguard project Intellectual Property Rights, without decreasing the impact of the project results within the wider community, it is important to find the right balance between public information and private information – both as inputs to the project and as dissemination content or for later reuse. Thus, as part of the project, the knowledge produced will be continually tracked and registered to the respective owner. 1. Input: On input knowledge provided to the project the consortium partners will ensure that all existing knowledge that is required for proper execution of LIVERUR, will become available to all relevant partners. The provisions on protection of Intellectual Property will be established in detail in the consortium agreement. It will specify conditions (e.g., non-disclosure, confidentiality) on how existing knowledge that belongs to a consortium partner will become available to the other consortium partners. 2. Output: Concerning output generated by the project IPRs on the results of the project will be protected by an Exploitation Agreement signed by the Consortium via the Consortium Agreement. A preliminary agreement on IPRs has already been reached by the Consortium partners. The agreement, in alignment with the policies and context for EU funded projects, specifies how and under which terms and conditions partners get access to existing and created IP owned and generated by other partners and also specifies the terms and conditions of access to such IP in the case of exploitation beyond the scope and duration of the project. If appropriate the consortium members will apply to issue patents. The agreement will cover the specification of the types of intellectual properties, handling of different types of intellectual properties, mechanisms to identify and to brand intellectual properties, and definition of the roles of the partners and the individual usage rights of the intellectual properties. In particular, it will regulate: Identification of project results Confidentiality of project results Ownership of the project results Ownership of pre-existing know-how and refinements thereof Knowledge property transfer Access rights to and licenses for use of project results Dissemination strategy for restricted results Because of the nature of the envisaged project results, it is necessary to establish a clear distinction between background and foreground knowledge. The former represent the intellectual and technical basis provided by the innovator partners, especially R&I performers, on top of which the results are developed. The latter represents the additional knowledge coming from the specific project activities. In synthesis, the intellectual property of the background knowledge remains to the single partner providing it. Concerning foreground knowledge, intellectual property belongs to R&I performers, while exploitation rights over ICT tools belong to developers. The exploitation agreement will finally regulate the rights of mediators for preferential use of project results and new future versions, as well as royalty policy for commercial exploitation. The LIVERUR project open strategy targets at maximum impact of the project results, so that the default ruling is that results are free and open. The ruling will be different only where this is explicitly required by the legitimate explicit interests of LIVERUR partners. In particular, although defining solutions that are independent of the development technology, the project pays particular attention to favour the use of open source environments and is mandated for all developments that come directly from the R&I work carried out by universities and research institutions. For commercial partners the choice is open. LIVERUR will allow external partners to develop, the LIVERUR Open Platform, a website but a mean also to promote and create material on how LIVERUR results can be further used. Intellectual Property Rights Before the proj

Report on identified weaknesses and challenges

The identification of weakness and challenges is crucial in order to depict the potential for new business strategies in rural context. In this perspective, LIVERUR capitalizes the effort done in conceptualizing and benchmarking the existing models utilizing the outcome to identify challenges and weakness that might not be evident at a first look. This task is specifically developed in order to overcome structural and conceptual challenges of existing models when it comes to build and picture a totally new value creation mechanism.

Feasibility assessment report on LCA & LCC

As well as the economic viability of new value chains for agri-food wastes, evaluating the environmental performance is crucial in determining the suitability and ultimate realisation of potential pathways. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is one tool that can be used to assess the potential environmental impact of a product or system against its comparator. LCA is planned to be used predominantly to assess the environmental implications of a system but social LCA and life cycle costing are becoming more prevalent, allowing for a holistic analysis of policy implications. Environmental LCAs and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) assessments will be performed by LIVERUR Consortium, and will include all the techno-economic aspects of the technologies to confirm their cost effectiveness, as well as issues such as efficiencies, consumptions, and the ability to recover and reuse materials.

Report on the creation of the benchmarking study

WP2 final task is depicted by the creation of the first LIVERUR milestone: the benchmarking study on rural traditional business models in Europe. This study will be a fruitful exercise for entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs to-be in rural context that will utilize this study in order to improve and renovate their business activities.

Report on benchmarking criteria creation

In this task, the consortium identify the weights to be attached to the criteria of analysis in order to create a benchmarking scale. Given the fact that different weight will lead to different results, the task plead partner will take care of following standardize protocols in the assessment, to the aim of creating an outcome which is understandable and justifiable at a Pan – European scale.

Report on Development of innovative models

As the Rural Business as usual simply or linear cannot continue or cannot be sustainable for mid- and long term, therefore the local and regional governments, business support organisations, companies and civil or professional non-profit organisations are looking for alternative approaches to drive future growth in their territories. T3.5 will develop an integration technique for all the actors in existing territorial rural business areas to a transition into the circular economy. In the middle of the business will be the Consumer and all the aspects of the Sustainability in the Circular Economy: 1. Circular Supplies: Provide renewable energy, bio based- or fully recyclable input, material to replace single-lifecycle inputs 2. Resource Recovery: Recover useful, resources/energy out of disposed, products or by-products 3. Product Life Extension: Extend working lifecycle of products and components by repairing, upgrading and reselling ,4. Sharing Platforms: Enable increased utilization rate of products by making possible shared use/access/ownership ,5. Product as a Service: Offer product access and retain ownership to internalize benefits of circular resource productivity 6. Emerging Business model in the circular economy as a Rural Circular Economy framework.

Benchmarking of traditional value vs platform based living lab concept

Piloting partners will bring feedback from the territories as well as best practices examples. T3.4 will benchmark all the actors involved in living labs innovation, including researchers, users, developers and other stakeholders enter a social relationship. What is the main difference between the innovative but traditional value-chain (linear approach) and the platform circular economy based approaches in the rural circular living labs? The living lab operating as an innovation system should be balanced with the process of initiating and building the living lab conditions (the living lab building system), and with the dynamically changing characteristics of the rural socio-economic development system. Both systems (linear and platform based) could potentially reinforce each other to support the development of a broad, self-sustainable innovation facility. The differences and similarities will be demonstrated by the Loan and Platform based Business Model Canvas based on interviews and small workshops in T3.4.

Mid-term Practice Abstract

Production of a mid-term Practice Abstract with the intention of broad dissemination corresponding to the EIP-AGRI standards.

Report of existing business model in EU countries and regions

The analysis will be performed according primarily to the four LIVERUR pillars: 1) Environment and Resilience, 2) Resource efficiency – efficacy and management, 3) Competitiveness of SMAEs and rural value – chain, 4) Openness to new markets and technologies. There is no doubt that other criteria will be utilized as well to benchmark the different business models, criteria such as job creation, social inclusiveness of vulnerable stakeholders, gender equality etc.. The analysis will be performed according to two strategies: 1) desk research (scientific/other literature review, implemented EU projects, national initiatives, etc..), 2) in – depth and in – field interviews. LIVERUR will finally analyse an amount of business models equal to 60.

Report of Case studies on rural living lab`s definitions

This task summarizes by few Cases studies how living labs are differentiated on the basis of three main characteristics (Almirall and Wareham, 2008): user involvement, real-life contexts, and public-private-people partnership (PPPP). The outcome is a clear and standardize definition of Living Lab concept. Given the fact that the intrinsic nature of LL is participatory, the task will be built strongly with a bottom-up approach.

Report of “Mapping the living lab technique”

Our early phase actions were aimed to ensure that these local conditions were addressed properly. It should be taken into account that besides the fact that our rural areas were very different in terms of business cases and stakeholders, most were characterized by various economic conditions, infrastructure is lacking, ageing population and low level of innovation culture in rural & remote & mountain areas and islands. Therefore a mix of strategies, tailored to local conditions, has been chosen to launch, develop and operate the living labs.

Report on the training activities

In order to improve the end users understanding of the platform specific activities of training are forecasted by the consortium The training will be constituted by one workshop of two days in every piloting territory in which entrepreneurs will be invited to use directly the platform under the supervision of the two developers IED and WTEL In the platform itself a how to use me section will be developed in order to make the usage as easy and user friendly possible Moreover since the rural businesses are usually quite reluctant to open innovation activities initially a system of incentives based on platform accesses will be developed

Final Practice Abstract

Production of a final Practice Abstract with the intention of broad dissemination corresponding to the EIPAGRI standards

Report on the generation of the concept of Regional Circular Living Lab Approach in rural areas

Once the suitable business models have been identified (task 4.1) and the merging of the circular and living lab techniques have been formalized by the means of system dynamics methodologies (task 4.2), LIVERUR is ready to conceptualize this new hybrid model: Regional Circular Living Lab Approach (RAIN). This task therefore covers the creation and conceptualization of the new approach in terms of definition, applicability, formalization, involved parties, allocation of responsibilities, chronological sequences etc.

New Rural Business Model Catalogue - A step by step guide with the best practices Case Studies

The New rural Bussines model Catalogue aims to be a Best Practice Catalogue compilating the improved knowledge about the business models emerging in rural areas with acknowledgments from LIVERUR project in understanding their potential and success factors in circular approach It will gather information from all WP and the best practices and success cases achieved in the Implementation phase it will be developed and delivered a step by step catalogue with the best practices Case Studies in New Rural Business ModelThe Best Practice Catalogue will have a selection of studies on successful circular business cases a showcase of technical services advisory services and funding opportunities always with a link to the Digital Living Lab Platform or to the Contacts of Physical Living Labs in order to give continuity to the supportive environment of LIVERUR Living Labs after the project lifetime

Training, informative and LIVING THE LAB activities report

Training activities training activities aimed to prepare the specific target groups in the use of the outputs of the project to become multiplier agents at regional and national level so it will be designed in a modular format in English language to be translated and adapted to local realities in the consortium partner organizations The following activities are plannedAt least 1 Physical presence training course per pilot on the topics defined after the WP4 and WP5 mostly related with the Living Lab Methodology and the Circular Economy Strategy These courses will be agreed with formal education providers to qualify the attendees combined with at least 1 Online Training Course per pilot with MOOC Massive Open Online Course to facilitate the access to these target group with difficulties for local mobility or because the lack of physical premises and infrastructures in the territory for a physical presence training course MOOC provides interactive user forums to support community interactions among students attendees rural target groups professors and teaching assistantsWorkshops for small groups under a non formal approach and combined with the local rural operatorsAt least 6 thematic seminars coinciding with SGMs and relevant milestones of the project as the meetings between the Advisory Board the Coordination Committee and the policymakers

Report on the suitable business models identified for each piloting territory

On the basis of WP2 results in this task, the crucial outcome is the identification of the suitable (sustainable and resilient) rural business model connected to the living lab concept. This will be achieved by applying WP3 results for a categorisation of the WP2 business models. The research innovation of the living lab approach provides an underlying baseline for business model development which is totally at odds with traditional business modelling (for example, stakeholders business orientation and end – user participatory design are at heart of this new technique, while they are barely considered by more traditional approaches). However, given the diversity of the territories and the value chain mechanisms both inside and outside LIVERUR, the consortium is well aware that one-strategy-fits-all method is not possible in this case. This is the reason why LIVERUR identifies for every territory 1 or maximum 2 suitable business models coherent with the living lab technique highlighted in WP3, but unique in his own way.

LIVERUR Recommendations

The purpose of this task is to work with the target audience on the urgency of the current problems in the rural areas and the need to adopt the preferred alternative or course of action outlined under the different WPs of the LIVERUR Project and therefore serve as an impetus for the next action towards 2050The purpose of a policy brief ranges from exploration briefs that present a targeted discussion of policy alternatives without promoting a particular one to advocacy briefs that argue directly for the adoption of a particular alternative All briefs are focused professional not academic evidencebased succinct understandable accessible practical and feasible and actionoriented So the following sub tasks will be implemented751 Comparative policy frame analysis integrating knowledge from WPs 26 UCAM will lead the scientific integration of the work in order to produce a robust and transferable frame of integrated assessment on Living Labs and Circular Economy supported by the Advisory Board It will build upon the existing policies and practice in EU and in other countries as well as the wide experience of some international organizations It will be started in M1 after the kickoff meeting of the project when the definitive work calendar will be established and scheduled It will end before M17752 LIVERUR recommendations on Rural Development for all Europe and in particular those involved in LIVERUR to all the territories in the European geography oSouthern EU represented by Spain Italy Malta and France PACA Region Tunisia could be considered within this regionoSoutheastern Europe represented by Greece The same consideration for West Turkey partner organizationoCentral Europe represented by Germany Austria Poland Latvia Czech Republic and SloveniaoWestern Europe represented by AquitaineLimousinePoitouCharentes regions in FranceLIVERUR reccomendationspolicy briefs will be actively disseminated through different channels leveraging on the network of localregional authorities of each Consortium member To this end also the Eurotowns network will play a key role as multiplier through its General Assembly collecting policy makerselected representatives from 17 EU medium citiesThe recommendations will be based on the findings of the comparative policy frame analysis UCAM will be responsible for coordinating this subtask to be done by the Coordination Committee composed by UCAM Manager and the rest of partner organizations project managers The initial works will start on M17 together with the updating of the relevant policymakers list invited to join the project next output 713 and will end in M35

Report on the establishment of the RAIN Entrepreneurial Tool and evaluation

The platform created in task 61 will be a powerful tool for the sustainability of the project and this is gathered by the concept of RAIN Entrepreneurial Community The community will be open only to registered users and it will be an innovative environment where entrepreneurs can virtually meet capitalize their experience and ask for advices The sections represented in a dynamic way will encompass an interactive map for seeing where the other members of the community are and a peer to peer learning platform where different topic can be open and discussed in the most traditional blog culture Four clusters will be also created in order to gather together entrepreneurs from same regions beyond the cluster related to South North and Central East Europe a cluster World is also encompassed The aim is to use the platform as a pole of attraction for others Living Lab already developed all over the world and to constitute a meeting point for the development of future projects and ideas

Data Management Plan

This document provides the plan for managing the data generated and collected during the project to make sure that the research data are findable accessible interoperable and reusable FAIR It covers a the handling of research data during and after the project b what data will be collected processed or generated c what methodology and standards will be applied d whether data will be sharedmade open and how and e how data will be curated and preserved The DMP will be updated over the course of the project whenever significant changes arise such asnew datachanges in consortium policies eg new innovation potential decision to file for a patentchanges in consortium composition and external factors eg new consortium members joining or old members leavingThe DMP will be updated as a minimum in time with the periodic evaluationassessment of the projectThe LIVERUR DMP through its deliverable D17 will comply with the requirements of the ORDP Open Research Data Pilot set by the EC for the H2020 call

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Publications

The Use of IoT Technology in Smart Cities and Smart Villages: Similarities, Differences, and Future Prospects

Author(s): Nina Cvar; Jure Trilar; Andrej Kos; Mojca Volk; Emilija Stojmenova Duh
Published in: Sensors, 20(14), 2020, ISSN 1424-8220
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/s20143897

Smart Villages Policies: Past, Present and Future

Author(s): Stojanova, Simona; Lentini, Gianluca; Niederer, Peter; Egger, Thomas; Cvar, Nina; Kos, Andrej; Stojmenova Duh, Emilija
Published in: Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 1663, 2, 2021, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su13041663

Living Labs for Rural Areas: Contextualization of Living Lab Frameworks, Concepts and Practices

Author(s): Veronika Zavratnik, Argene Superina, Emilija Stojmenova Duh
Published in: Sustainability, 11/14, 2019, Page(s) 3797, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su11143797

The Regional Circular Living Lab Business Concept as an opportunity to foster sustainable rural development

Author(s): Wagner, K., Egartner, S., Grüneis, H., Heinschink, K., Niedermayr J., BAB
Published in: European Rural Development Network, 23. – 26. September 2019, Velke Bilovice, CZ: “CAP 2021+: Balanced development among the dimensions of rural sustainability”, 2022
Publisher: ZENODO
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5955722

LIVING LABS–INNOVATE BUSINESS MODELS FOR RURAL REGIONS

Author(s): Heidelinde GRÜNEIS, Federal Institute of Agricultural Economics, Rural and Mountain Research, (corresponding author) Sigrid EGARTNER, Julia NIEDERMAYR, Karin HEINSCHINK, Klaus WAGNER
Published in: Proceedings of the 9thInternational Scientific Conference Rural Development 2019, 2019
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
DOI: 10.15544/rd.2019.068

Living Labs im ländlichen Raum Forschung und Praxis

Author(s): S. Egartner, H. Grüneis, K. Heinschink, J. Niedermayr, K. Wagner (BAB);Th. Böhm, A. Sedlatschek (RMB); W. Haider (ZSI)
Published in: 2022
Publisher: ZENODO
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5955750

RAIN – A Living Lab Concept for Circular Economy, Cooperation and Innovation in Rural Regions

Author(s): Klaus Wagner, Sigrid Egartner, Heidelinde Grüneis, Karin Heinschink, Julia Niedermayr
Published in: EGU General Assembly 2020 Vienna, 6.5.2020, 2022
Publisher: ZENODO
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5955812