One of the major pavilions at EXPO'98, the last world exhibition of the 20th century, in Lisbon, Portugal, from 22 May to 30 September 1998, showcases the activities of the European Union both in Europe and beyond. With the theme of EXPO '98 being "The Oceans - A heritage for the future", a large part of the EU pavilion demonstrates how research projects funded by the EU are contributing, and will contribute, to safeguarding marine life and environments. The EU pavilion was opened by Jacques Santer, President of the European Commission, on 22 May. Visitors to the pavilion will first see general information on the activities of the EU institutions and agencies, as well as displays on major EU policies and initiatives such as the euro, regional development and the environment. On descending to the first floor, visitors will then see in much greater detail how the EU is responding to changes in the maritime industry and to challenges to the marine and coastal environment. The displays in this section of the pavilion will look, for example, at the importance of sustaining and developing Europe's maritime industry, at the impact of new technologies on shipbuilding and on communications and safety at sea. Sustaining fisheries and new environmentally-friendly energy technologies will be explored, whilst training and employment for those working in the marine sector is also covered. Examples of the research projects funded by the EU which have addressed, or are addressing, problems in all of these areas can be seen throughout the displays. New ways to predict weather patterns, harness the ocean's energy, prevent coastal erosion, reduce pollution in coastal waters, and explore the depths of the ocean are all highlighted in the pavilion. In addition to the permanent display, a number of events are to be held in the pavilion, such as the concert by the EU Youth Orchestra on 2 September. The pavilion houses a lecture theatre which will be used for conferences, many of them on scientific topics.