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Second Astronomical and Farmer's Almanac in Estonian History Published on Island of Hiiumaa

The Estonian island of Hiiumaa has become the birthplace of the second astronomical and farmer's almanac published in Estonia. The almanac, published in both Swedish and Estonian, may well be the first locally published Swedish language text in more than 300 years. Dagösvensk almanacka as it is called in Swedish or Hiiurootslane kalender as it is referred to in Estonian commenced this year. To date, the main Estonian astronomical almanac has been the Tartu Observatory Almanac.

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Kärdla, Estonia - The Estonian and international cultural, historical and astronomical communities have taken a keen interest in the almanac project which was initiated in 2018 by author and administrative scientist Gunnar K. A. Njalsson. SPACEPOL Academic Publishers approved Njalsson's request to take on the production and publishing of the new astronomical almanac when Njalsson failed to receive funding for the project from Estonian foundations. "I felt that this was historically important for Estonia and for Hiiumaa. Also, I had a very good idea of how I would carry out the information gathering, calculations and organization of the almanac. In fact, this was a project that was so important and relevant that I decided to carry it out commercially without external funding or even at my own expense, if necessary," says Gunnar K. A. Njalsson who is the main producer of Dagösvensk almanacka. During the latter part of 2018 Njalsson put together a research and production system to produce the almanac on a yearly basis. Calculations and other useful information included in the almanac needed to based upon data and historical facts local to the island of Hiiumaa which is just off the western coast of mainland Estonia. Hans G. Ånäs of SPACEPOL Academic Publishers assisted Njalsson from the publisher's side and was involved in the editing of the Estonian almanac. Research, calculations and other publishing activities were concluded in the late summer of 2018. The result was a bilingual astronomical and farmer's almanac which includes most of the information typical of such publications, including sunrise, sunset, moonrise, moonset, temperatures, moon phases, special astronomical events and solar positions throughout the year. Historical information about Hiiumaa as well as facts about the island's people and families have been an item which has caused the almanac to be very popular amongst Hiiumaa islanders both locally and in the diaspora. The publication also includes information on recommended sowing and harvesting times as well as soil classifications for the entire island. Fishing and hunting calendars and data are also included. When asked about the future of Dagösvensk almanacka - Hiiurootslane kalender Njalsson is rather optimistic. "We have had much interest in the Hiiumaa almanac from medical professionals, geologists, local cultural institutions, universities, observatories and from locals in general. Universities abroad such as Princeton, the University of Texas, the University of Helsinki and the University of Lapland have also found the almanac to be a work important enough to warrant inclusion in their own collections. I see that we have created something relevant and historically important for Estonia. So we shall continue producing the almanac on a yearly basis," Njalsson concludes. Publication Information: Dagösvensk almanacka 2019 - Hiiurootslane 2019 aasta kalender ISBN: 9781987881028 Njalsson, Gunnar K. A. (1968 - ) SPACEPOL Academic Pubishers, Kärdla. 2018

Keywords

scientific reference publications, Astronomy, Farmer's Almanacs, Weather, Climate, History, Estonia, Hiiumaa, Geography, Estonian History, Baltic History, Innovation, Dagö, Swedish Language, Estonian Swedes, Estonian Language