Skip to main content

High Efficiency LIght-emitters with Organic Spintronics

Article Category

Article available in the folowing languages:

New light on organic spintronic devices

EU-funded scientists took an important step toward a new generation of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by investigating injection of spin-polarised currents into organic semiconductors.

Industrial Technologies

Combination of ferromagnetic metals and molecular materials has opened the way to designing new devices with novel functionalities. Known as organic spintronics, this emerging field has attracted a great deal of attention over the last years. Organic-based spintronic devices such as spin valves are particularly interesting as they take advantage of the long spin lifetime of the organic semiconductors. However, little is known about charge and spin transport in these materials. The EU-funded project 'High-efficiency light-emitters with organic spintronics' (HELIOS) focused on efficiently injecting spin-polarised currents into organic semiconductor layers to ultimately improve power consumption in LEDs. Scientists investigated how the molecular order, charge conductivity and spin transport properties are correlated, and how these properties affect light-emission efficiency. Project members initially studied the pentacene organic compound due to its polymorphic nature. However, they turned to other organic semiconductors such as anthracene, copper phthalocyanine and rubrene, as pentacene reacts with oxygen very easily. Project work was geared into spin injection at the interface of ferromagnetic and organic interfaces and on thin films. Scientists investigated how layers of lithium fluoride can modify the spin of electrons transported through spin valves. Results demonstrated that spin orientation in organic spin valves and inorganic magnetic tunnel junctions can be tuned by changing the deposition order of the different layers. Scientists succeeded in optimising a lithography method based on fluorinated chemicals to produce transistors on top of organic thin films or single crystals. These transistors combined better characteristics (reduced channel lengths and gate voltage thresholds) compared to other organic devices produced by other lithography techniques. This was due to the clean interface between organic and metal materials. Nevertheless, scientists were unable to further reduce the channel length to observe spin injection. Work within HELIOS represents a key enabling step for developing devices based on organic semiconductor spintronics. Project findings should lead to major breakthroughs in electronics.

Keywords

Light-emitting diodes, spin-polarised currents, organic semiconductors, organic spintronics, spin valves

Discover other articles in the same domain of application