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White Paper on growth, competitiveness and employment: Introduction of the technological aspects

The Commission White Paper on "Growth, Competitiveness, Employment - The Challenges and Ways Forward into the 21st Century" sets out to analyse the requirements for the establishment of a sustainable development model for the European Union, and to present possible solutions f...

The Commission White Paper on "Growth, Competitiveness, Employment - The Challenges and Ways Forward into the 21st Century" sets out to analyse the requirements for the establishment of a sustainable development model for the European Union, and to present possible solutions for its creation. The central theme of the White Paper is unemployment and the necessary conditions for increased employment. With the stated aim of creating 15 million jobs by the end of the century, the Commission puts forward a number of broad guidelines which have a predominantly economic basis. However, these are closely linked with major trends which affect society itself, particularly the new technologies. These are creating an "information society" (a radical change which is comparable with the first industrial revolution) and are therefore an important element in the Commission's considerations. The main section of the White Paper (Part B), introduces the necessary conditions for growth and enhanced competitiveness both globally and in terms of the opportunities presented by the internal market. An economy based on the creation, dissemination and exploitation of knowledge will be one of the dominant features of the 21st century, and against such a background a number of the EU's competitive factors will play a crucial role (the potential of its labour force, its valuable scientific and technical know-how, the integrated market, the density and quality of its infrastructures, the improved financial structure of companies, and regional diversity). Each of the individual chapters, grouped under four headings, is intended to provide the basis for work in the various specialized meetings of the Council of Ministers. I. Growth: - The macroeconomic framework. II. Competitiveness: - Trans-European networks; - Research and technological development; - The changing society, the new technologies (the information society, biotechnology, the audiovisual sector); - The Community as an open and reliable partner. III. Employment: - Adaptation of educational and vocational training systems; - Turning growth into jobs; - Statutory charges on labour. IV. Towards a new development model. This key policy document (COM(93) 700 of 5.12.1993) was drawn up by the Commission at the request of the June 1993 Copenhagen Summit of the European Council. It aims to foster debate and to assist decision-making, so as to lay the foundations for sustainable development, by taking into account the effectiveness of the triangular relationship "growth-competitiveness-employment" together with environmental requirements and those for improvement in the quality of life. Each of the individual chapters covering the most important technology- and RTD-related areas will be described in future RTD-News items.

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