In July 1993 the European Commission launched a call for proposals under the THERMIE programme for innovative and dissemination projects in the context of the promotion of the rational use of energy in industry and energy technology in Europe (OJ No C 189 of 13.7.1993). The total number of projects presented was 120, with a total amount of support requested for more than ECU 150 million. This request largely exceeded the available budget, but a selection procedure was also necessary using criteria such as innovative character, replication potential, environmental benefits, international collaboration, and, most importantly, energy saving potential. After the selection procedure, 32 (25%) of the projects submitted were accepted, for a total financial support of ECU 17.9 million. Projects were accepted in the following sectors of industry: - Agrofood; - Bricks; - Cement; - Ceramics; - Chemicals; - Glass; - Non-ferrous metals; - Pulp and paper; - Iron and steel; - Textiles; - Wood; - Utilities. There was an equal distribution between projects affecting the industrial process itself and those for auxiliary equipment, confirming that in both areas there are still many opportunities for the rational use of energy. Details of the projects can be found on the CORDIS RTD-Projects database.