The European Commission, DG I, has published the PHARE/TACIS nuclear safety progress report. The report shows that the Commission has committed the following budgetary resources to nuclear safety in the framework of the TACIS and PHARE programmes: - 1990-1991: ECU 74 million; - 1992: ECU 109 million (including an EU contribution of ECU 20 million to the International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC) in Moscow); - 1993: ECU 133 million (including an EU contribution of ECU 20 million to the Multilateral Nuclear Safety Fund (or Nuclear Safety Account (NSA)); - 1994: ECU 100 million (including a contribution to the G7/EU Action Plan for Ukraine.) The TACIS 1992-1994 programme concentrates to a large extent on the on-site assistance component, seen to be the most appropriate way to help improve nuclear safety as recommended by the G7. The safety authorities of the EU are providing this support and are working with the Russian and Ukrainian authorities under two large projects under way since December 1993. A detailed programme has been established to provide assistance in developing a strong legal and technical basis for the national regulators in areas such as licensing, training and inspection. In addition, computer equipment has been procured and installed for the beneficiaries to improve the infrastructure, including office equipment and links between headquarters and regional offices. A contribution of ECU 7.5 million from the 1994 budget (towards a total of ECU 25 million from TACIS 1994 funds) has been made to the G7/EU Ukraine Action Plan, which aims at the rapid closure of Chernobyl and the completion of three new VVER 1000 reactors under construction as well as energy reforms. Over the period 1994-1996 the EU will grant ECU 100 million from TACIS funds, of which a portion will be drawn from nuclear safety financing. The PHARE programme for nuclear safety was launched in the budget year 1990-1991, with the same objectives as the TACIS programme. A total of ECU 100 million has been allocated during the period 1990-1994. An additional ECU 5 million was contributed to the NSA from the PHARE 1993 budget.
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Belarus, Czechia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Latvia, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan