EcoPlan International, in collaboration with DG XIII of the European Commission, has published a working paper on "Rethinking work. New concepts of work in a knowledge society: The telework option reviewed (RACE 1994)". In 1992, EcoPlan launched a major collaborative programme, in cooperation with the RACE II programme for advanced communications technologies (1990-1994), in an attempt to contribute to the development of positive new ideas and approaches in the area of work. A number of joint projects, publications and meetings resulted from this initiative, and the present working paper is the latest in the series. The report is presented as a "thinking exercise", and sets out a number of views, challenges and tentative conclusions to the debate on telework and the new flexibility in employment. In particular, the following issues are examined: - Background to the debate; - Telework as a harbinger; - Work, technology and society: - The changing shape of work; - Recommendations.