In the framework of EU relations with Mediterranean countries and the networking of their energy infrastructure with that of the EU, a conference on "Euro-Mediterranean energy cooperation" took place in Tunis, Tunisia, on 27-28 March 1995. The conference, initiated by the Commission (DG XVII) under the SYNERGY programme, was attended by Mr. C. Papoutsis, Commissioner responsible for energy, and Mr. S. Bougerra, Tunisian Minister for Industry. The results of the conference will serve as background for the forthcoming Euro-Mediterranean Ministerial Conference in Barcelona in November 1995. The main aims of the conference were to provide third Mediterranean countries (TMCs) with information on the main features of EU policies related to the energy sector, and to contribute to the promotion of cooperation and the establishment of partnerships between the EU and the TMCs in the energy sector. In particular, the following topics were covered: - Energy policy and programmes in the EU; - Energy policy, programmes and outlook in the Mediterranean non-member countries; - Sectoral energy cooperation (oil, gas, electricity, energy efficiency, new and renewable energies); - Prospects for energy cooperation between the EU and the Mediterranean non-member countries. The Essen European Council in December 1994 approved the guidelines for future cooperation between the EU and the TMCs and decided in favour of: - Support for the TMCs in their efforts to create a zone of peace, stability, prosperity and cooperation; - The establishment of a Euro-Mediterranean partnership; - The strengthening of trade relations between the parties; - Fair geographical distribution of the Community's financial commitments, taking account of changing Community priorities. In 1994, the Commission adopted a communication to the Council entitled "Strengthening the Mediterranean policy of the European Union: Proposals for implementing a Euro-Mediterranean partnership". On 8 March 1995 it adopted a second communication to the Council and the Parliament concerning the implementation of the Euro- Mediterranean partnership, which aims to define the principle objectives of the partnership and to propose priorities for the financial and technical cooperation covering the period 1995-1999.
Cyprus, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Malta, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey