On an initiative from Mrs. Edith Cresson, the Commissioner responsible for science, research and development, and education and training, the Commission adopted, on 12 April 1995, a proposal for a Council and Parliament Decision for a 7% increase in the budget for the Fourth Framework Programme of RTD activities. The adjustment is required following the accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden to the European Union on 1 January 1995. This would increase the budget for 1994 to 1998 from ECU 12.3 billion to ECU 13.161 billion. On 29 November 1994 Parliament, the Council and the Commission agreed to raise the budget ceiling for the EU's internal policies, including R&D policy, by 7% a year. In response to this decision, the Commission has proposed maintaining the high priority which research takes amongst its internal policies and, accordingly, raising the budget for the Fourth Framework Programme by the same percentage. In order to maintain the consistency and continuity of the activities undertaken, the Commission has proposed an across-the-board increase for the entire Framework Programme (both EC and Euratom) and for each of the specific programmes. The new breakdown of funding for the Fourth Framework Programme would therefore be: - First activity (research, technological development and demonstration programmes): ECU 11.434 million; - Second activity (international cooperation): ECU 578 million; - Third activity (dissemination and optimization of results): ECU 353 million; - Fourth activity (stimulation of the training and mobility of researchers): ECU 796 million. This adjustment will require unanimous approval by the Council under the co-decision procedure and in no way prejudices the decision to be taken by the Council and Parliament by June 1996 on whether to unblock the additional reserve of ECU 700 million set aside when the Fourth Framework Programme was adopted. The Commission will make a proposal on this point in due time.