On 25 July 1995, Mrs Edith Cresson, European Commissioner responsible for research, education and training, and the Canadian ambassador to the European Union, Mr Jacques Roy, signed two cooperation agreements between the European Union and Canada in the field of controlled nuclear fusion. The first one, which follows the one concluded 1986, is a memorandum of understanding which provides the framework for substantial technical collaboration between the research programmes on fusion implemented by the two parties. The Canadian contribution will focus on the aspects connected with tritium technology (fuel for the future thermonuclear engines), remote manipulation and safety. The second defines Canada's participation in the European Atomic Energy Community's contribution to the Engineering Design Activities (EDA) of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). This agreement enables the Canadian National Fusion Programme to continue, in the interest of both parties, its participation in the European contribution to the first controlled fusion reactor, ITER. This international cooperation project, without precedent, aims at demonstrating the scientific and technical feasibility of controlled thermonuclear fusion as an energy resource for peaceful purposes. Mrs Cresson, on behalf of the EU, welcomed Canada's decision to take part, in association with Euratom, in the quadripartite project (Euratom, Japan, Russia and the United States of America). The principal protagonists on the Canadian side are the Canadian Fusion Fuels Technology Project managed by Ontario Hydro and the Centre Canadien de Fusion Magnetique managed by Hydro-Quebec.