The European Commission has published a booklet, in French, on research and development in the regions. This booklet, produced jointly by DG XII - Science, Research and Development and DG XVI - Regional policy and cohesion, underlines the importance of the promotion of R&D at regional level as a means of attaining economic and social cohesion in the European Union and highlights the contribution of the European Community in this respect. It gives a general overview of RTD activities in disadvantaged regions of the Community and comments on measures taken in support of these regions under the Community's Framework programmes for research and technological development. The role of research in the Community's regional development programmes is also examined. The report demonstrates the European Community's commitment to both RTD and the attainment of social and economic cohesion and comments on the mechanisms established for collaboration between these two areas of Community policy.