During the General Affairs Council in Luxembourg on 22 April 1996, the Council signed Partnership and Cooperation Agreements with the three Caucasian republics, namely Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Of the republics of the former Soviet Union, Partnership and Cooperation Agreements have already been signed with Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The Council is in negotiation with Uzbekistan, leaving only Turkmenistan and Tajikistan without an agreement. Pending the entry into force of the Agreements, the 1989 Trade and Cooperation Agreement with the USSR is applied to each of the USSR's successor States. The trade provisions of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreements can be applied in advance through Interim Agreements, the first of which (with Russia and Ukraine) entered into force on 1 February 1996. Partnership and Cooperation Agreements are a "halfway house" between standard framework agreements and "European Agreements". They foresee an institutionalized political dialogue and contain detailed trade and investment-related provisions, but do not establish a preferential relationship. In addition to essential general elements (democracy, human rights, market economy), the Agreements relate to regional cooperation, the provision of a political dialogue, trade in goods, labour conditions, the establishment and operation of enterprises, cross-border services, and intellectual property. They also comprise a range of economic, legislative, environmental, scientific, cultural and other cooperation chapters, including financial support which is provided through the TACIS programme.
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia