The European Commission has approved a Dutch research and development scheme to promote activities that reduce fuel consumption and minimize pollution arising from goods transport. A budget of ECU 25 million is foreseen for the period 1996 to 2001, geared to funding collaborative projects between industrial enterprises (like shipping companies, intermodal agencies and distribution centres), research centres and universities. The purpose of the aid is to provide an incentive to overcome significant organizational, institutional and financial barriers, helping to achieve a critical mass in the definition and demonstration of logistics, traffic and transport technology systems. The principal aim of the scheme is to promote the use of transport modes other than road haulage, focusing on intermodal transport and transport chain logistics to cope with growing goods transport requirements. Inland and coastal navigation, as well as rail transport, are seen as promising in terms of capacity.