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Community Support Framework for the new Laender: Opinion of the Economic and Social Committee

The Economic and Social Committee (ESC) unanimously adopted on 27 November 1991 an opinion on the Community Support Framework (CSF) for the areas of Eastern Berlin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thueringen and Sachsen (1991-1993). After outlining the pos...

The Economic and Social Committee (ESC) unanimously adopted on 27 November 1991 an opinion on the Community Support Framework (CSF) for the areas of Eastern Berlin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thueringen and Sachsen (1991-1993). After outlining the position of the new Laender since the creation of German economic and monetary union (1 July 1990), the Committee welcomes the immediate response of the Community. Structural Fund assistance will cover the whole territory of the new Laender and Eastern Berlin. In practice this means assistance as in an objective 1 area. The aim for 1991-1993 is to inject an additional ECU 3,000 million from the Structural Funds to assist with structural and labour market policies in the new territory, including measures which are consistent with Community initiatives, and to make this assistance available rapidly in view of the urgent need for action. Germany itself is to raise ECU 4,380 million from the public plus ECU 6,555 million from the private sector, bringing the total cost of the assistance into the region of ECU 14,000 million. Five overall development objectives have been formulated. These comprise: Modernization of industries and services, modernization of agriculture, development of human resources, integration of environmental objectives in the development strategy, and the provision of technical assistance for restructuring. The ESC comments in detail on a number of points which arise from this policy. It concludes that the principles and practical rules of EC structural policy must in future be adhered to and retain their innovative impact, even under the difficult circumstances of German unification.

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