Pricing reform for sustainable transport
The work of the consortium built on the experience gained from previous projects and cooperated closely with other relevant pricing research initiatives. Researchers disseminated results to policymakers and key players involved in transport pricing reforms. Particular attention was paid to air and waterborne modes of transport where the available information was less developed. The project studied links between infrastructure charging and investment requirements, and pricing reform in light of European Union enlargement. Results included achieving consensus among stakeholders on the best way to carry out pricing reforms in the transport sector. An impact analysis of pricing policies showed the need for further research, particularly with regard to waterborne transport. Analysis of the road sector showed that the best course of action was to charge heavy goods vehicles rather than passenger cars. According to the rail sector, the fairest system is infrastructure charges based on gross tonne per kilometre to reflect the cost of wear and tear. Prices can also be applied according to the type of track employed, such as high speed or low density lines. Findings showed that a cost benefit analysis should be applied to the maritime sector, together with regional impact and socio-economic impact analyses. The studies can determine whether the introduction of pricing is necessary. The air sector should find better ways of evaluating the impact assessment of the external costs of air transport; with particular focus on global warming, noise, and congestion. Imprint-net data can help fill gaps in the available body of knowledge surrounding the issue of price reform. By promoting sustainable transport the project is helping to improve the quality of life for EU citizens, reduce environmental impacts and boost the economy.