Sustainable processing and refining of battery grade graphite (Batteries Partnership) Enabling European graphite production – with vertical integration into the European battery production. Resource efficient sustainable production of both synthetic and natural graphite emphasising reduction of energy consumption, CO2 emissions, chemical use and the optimisation of recovery yield and raw material consumption. Enhance versatility regarding products and usable primary/secondary raw materials.Development of solutions for combined use of natural and synthetic graphite. For natural graphite: improving purification, milling, shaping and coating technologies that improve the performance characteristics of natural graphite.Improving the yield of spheronised products from natural graphite concentrate.Development of a non-HF purification technology to produce battery-grade anode material from spheronised natural graphite.Developing improved coating technologies for natural graphite that will increase the performance characteristics of natural compared to synthetic. For synthetic graphite: Improving graphitisation, calcining, milling, shaping and coating that improve the performance characteristics of synthetic graphite.The use of other available European carbon options like biobased anode carbon and by-products from anode material production as raw materials for synthetic graphite are expected to be developed. Development of new processes for synthetic graphite production from natural gas pyrolysis.Reduction of process discharge and emissions in synthetic graphite production. This topic implements the co-programmed European Partnership on ‘Towards a competitive European industrial battery value chain for stationary applications and e-mobility’.