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ever-growing global scale-free networks, their provisioning, repair and unique functions

Project description

FET pro-actives Map to make the internet more efficient

Slow connection speeds, web pages failing to load and e-mails going astray are the perennial frustrations of internet users. There could be even greater headaches in the future unless better methods of managing network traffic are developed.

The EVERGROW project laid the foundations for solving such big challenges facing the internet and other networks, helping to ensure people can communicate and share knowledge not just today, but also in ten to 20 years from now.

Bigger networks, more problems

As the internet and other communications networks expand they also grow in complexity. Researchers agree that, at some point in the future, processes that are currently carried out manually – such as network management, provisioning and repair – will have to be automated if traffic is to continue to flow reliably.

Better methods for directing network traffic to its destination will also be needed to handle the increased load as more and more people get online. The more widespread use of bandwidth-intensive services, such as streaming video and file-sharing, further compounds the problem.

The EVERGROW team developed a tool to create the essential resource for getting traffic between two connections on the internet as fast and smoothly as possible – a map.

Volunteers provide the data

Known as DIMES, the tool consists of a software program that thousands of volunteers in 108 countries are currently running on more than 17,000 computers. DIMES is similar in spirit to well-known SETI@Home project, created by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in which citizens worldwide volunteer their computer downtime to help process radio scans from space in the hope these yield signs of extraterrestrial life.

However, instead of analysing the heavens, DIMES analyses the internet. The software agent runs unobtrusively in the background when the internet user is online. It takes measurements of their connection speed and monitors the path of traffic in their area, including connections between different nodes of the network, such as the servers of Internet Service Providers (ISPs).

Combined, the information creates a topographical map of the internet that researchers can use to identify better ways of routing and managing traffic. In return for their help, volunteers receive maps of how the internet looks from their home or office, while in the future they will receive personalised ‘internet weather reports’.

The internet is like a jellyfish

The EVERGROW researchers’ findings have led them to conclude that the internet is shaped like a jellyfish in which the mantle represents the well-connected parts of the internet, the brain is the nucleus of key nodes and the tendrils are the least connected areas.

When internet users request information via their browsers from a distant website, the data typically starts from a node in a tendril, travels along to a node in the nucleus, and then travels out to the node where the relevant information is held.

A more efficient path for internet routing, and one that is less prone to bottlenecks, could be created by sending the information via nodes in the outer mantle, thus avoiding the more congested nucleus.

Such insights could prove invaluable in the future to keeping traffic flowing on the internet.

Call for proposal

FP6-2002-IST-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

IP - Integrated Project

Coordinator

RISE SICS AB
Address
Po Box 1263
164 29 Kista
Sweden
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 103 000

Participants (28)

UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 331 000
Address
Place De L Universite 1
1348 Louvain La Neuve
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES BELGIUM

Participation ended

Belgium
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Avenue Du Bourget, 42
1130 Bruxelles
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
CENTRE D'EXCELLENCE EN TECHNOLOGIES DE L'INFORMATION ET DE LA COMMUNICATION
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 37 000
Address
Avenue Jean Mermoz 28
6041 Charleroi
Activity type
Research Organisations
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Batiment Ce 3316 Station 1
1015 Lausanne
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
OTTO-VON-GUERICKE-UNIVERSITAET MAGDEBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 95 000
Address
Universitaetsplatz 2
39106 Magdeburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 75 000
Address
Norregade 10
1165 Kobenhavn
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
CENTRAL LABORATORY FOR AGRICULTURAL EXPERT SYSTEMS
Egypt
EU contribution
€ 69 000
Address
Agricultural Research Center, Ministry Of Agriculture And La
Giza
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSIDAD PUBLICA DE NAVARRA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 120 000
Address
Campus De Arrosadia
31006 Pamplona
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSIDAD REY JUAN CARLOS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 48 000
Address
Calle Tulipan
28933 Mostoles
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITE PARIS-SUD
France
EU contribution
€ 269 000
Address
Rue Georges Clemenceau 15
91405 Orsay Cedex
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 187 000
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
ORANGE SA
France
EU contribution
€ 75 000
Address
Rue Olivier De Serres 78
75015 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
ECOLE NORMALE SUPERIEURE
France
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
45, Rue D'ulm
75230 Paris Cedex 05
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
POLYTECHNEIO KRITIS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 112 000
Address
Building E4, Technical University Campus Counoupidiana
731 00 Chania
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
COLLEGIUM BUDAPEST EGYESULET
Hungary
EU contribution
€ 441 000
Address
Szenpharonsag Utca 2
1014 Budapest
Activity type
Research Organisations
SHEER NETWORKS LTD.

Participation ended

Israel
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
132 Petah Tikva Rd.
67021 Tel Aviv
Activity type
Other
WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE

Participation ended

Israel
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Herzl Street 234
7610001 Rehovot
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM
Israel
EU contribution
€ 762 000
Address
Edmond J Safra Campus Givat Ram
91904 Jerusalem
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY
Israel
EU contribution
€ 310 000
Address
Ramat Aviv
69978 Tel Aviv
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ABDUS SALAM INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR THEORETICAL PHYSICS
Italy
EU contribution
€ 344 000
Address
Strada Costiera 11
34100 Trieste
Activity type
Research Organisations
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 281 866
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
ISTITUTO PER L'INTERSCAMBIO SCIENTIFICO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 110 000
Address
Via Chisola 5
10126 Torino
Activity type
Research Organisations
ISTITUTO NAZIONALE PER LA FISICA DELLA MATERIA

Participation ended

Italy
EU contribution
€ 146 134
Address
Corso F. Perrone 24
16152 Genova
Activity type
Research Organisations
ERICSSON AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 87 000
Address
Torshamnsgatan 23
164 80 Stockholm
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
TELIASONERA AKTIEBOLAG
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 0
Address

123 86 Farsta
Activity type
Other
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 151 000
Address
Brinellvagen 8
100 44 Stockholm
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ASTON UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 330 000
Address
Aston Triangle
B4 7ET Birmingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 111 000
Address
Wellington Square University Offices
OX1 2JD Oxford
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments