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Evolution of genetic network required for fruit and fruit-like structures development of land plants.

Objective

Human and animal nutritional needs are mainly based on the intake of seeds and fruits which are also sources of other priceless products useful for our own well-being. For the plants themselves, the fruits are a key to seed dispersal and ensure future plant generations. Although fruits show diverse structural and seed dispersal mechanisms across flowering plants it seems that all species might share a common developmental network. Fruits, in the strictest sense, are only present in angiosperms and are mainly derived from the ovary wall. Nevertheless, fruit-like structures, used for seed dispersal are present also in Gymnosperms. This research project proposes to build an intercontinental and interdisciplinary network with the aim to elucidate the evolution of the molecular signaling and the crosstalk among different players that underpin the development of fruit and fruit-like structures. We will focus on: a) the functional evolution of key transcription factors known to be integral for fruit and fruit-like development. To build the Fruit evolutionary conserved Genetic Regulatory Network (FGRN) we will consider core eudicots such as Aethionema arabicum, the orphan crops Lepidium campestre, Solanum lycopersicon and Passiflora edulis. We will include also non-core/early diverging eudicots: Papaver somniferum, and Aristolochia fimbriata and the gymnosperms Ginkgo biloba and Taxus baccata. b) the hormonal signaling involved in the coordination and synchronization of the steps of fruit/fruit-like development c) cell wall pathways involved in pectin maturation and cellulose deposition required for fruit development. We will use a broad set of approaches such as molecular genetics, evolutionary genomics, biochemical and biophysical analyses. The consortium will be engaged in a large program of communication and dissemination of these topics with the involvement and outreach efforts of three Botanical Gardens.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/molecular biology/molecular genetics
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/horticulture/fruit

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-RISE-2020
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MSCA-RISE - Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE)

Coordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PADOVA
Address
Via 8 Febbraio 2
35122 Padova
Italy
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 179 400

Participants (4)

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 170 200
Address
Via Festa Del Perdono 7
20122 Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
FRIEDRICH-SCHILLER-UNIVERSITAT JENA
Germany
EU contribution
€ 32 200
Address
Furstengraben 1
07743 Jena
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 119 600
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 161 000
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Research Organisations

Partners (6)

CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DE ESTUDIOS AVANZADOS DEL INSTITUTO POLITECNICO NACIONAL
Mexico
Address
Avenida Instituto Politecnico Nacional 2508
07360 Mexico
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA
Colombia
Address
Calle 67 53-108
1226 Medellin
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN
United States
Address
Southern Boulevard 2900
10458 Bronx Ny
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSIDADE DE SAO PAULO
Brazil
Address
Rua Da Reitoria 109 Butanta
05508 900 Sao Paulo Sp
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS
Brazil
Address
Cidade Universitaria Zeferino Sn
13083 875 Campinas Sp
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE
Australia
Address
North Terrace
5005 Adelaide
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments