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Tactical Instrumental Deconfliction And in flight Resolution

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - TINDAiR (Tactical Instrumental Deconfliction And in flight Resolution)

Reporting period: 2021-02-01 to 2021-12-31

As the demand for the use of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) in urban settings grows, so does the need to ensure the unlimited, unrestricted and safe cohabitation of all airspace users in our skies. To address this challenge, a group of innovative companies and research laboratories from France, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, coordinated by Innov’ATM under the aegis of the SESAR Joint Undertaking, have teamed up to launch TindAIR, a series of very large-scale demonstrations on urban air mobility, with a focus on tactical and strategic deconfliction.
Forseen for 2022, the TindAIR demonstrations will be take place near the French cities of Toulouse and Bordeaux and will focus on strategic and tactical assistance to conflict detection and resolution. The aim will be to validate concepts of operations and target architecture for conflict detection and resolution function detail in this DEMOP. This effort is also the opportunity to demonstrate operations of a tactical conflict resolution service module that embeds an artificial intelligence algorithm, which could be integrated into the future U-space deployments.
The first aim of this document is to detail the use cases and associated scenarios that have been defined to conduct the next year VLDS:
• Use case 1: Medical link between a specialized clinic and a delivery point. The main point of this use case is to organize a deconfliction management between two Drones on similar trajectories (imposed air corridor). To demonstrate this use case, 4 scenarios will be performed next year.

• Use case 2: Flight in a segregated area with the use of an E-VTOL + Drone. The main point of this use case is to mix traffic with one merchandise delivery with autonomous drone and a simulated one simulated person transportation with eVTOL. To demonstrate this use case, 3 scenarios will be performed next year.

• Use case 3: Flight in a segregated area with the use of a Helicopter+ E-VTOL + Drone. The main point of this use case is to mix traffic (general aviation and UAV) including one merchandise delivery with autonomous drone, one person transportation with eVTOL and one emergency medical transport with helicopter. To demonstrate this use case, 2 scenarios will be performed next year.

• Use case 4: Flight in a segregated area with the use of Drones. The purpose of this exercise is to assess a deconfliction action involving an emergency landing. To demonstrate this use case, 3 scenarios will be performed next year.

A list of relevant U-space services has been identified to correctly conduct each scenario and all of its are described in this document by specifying the role of each actor and the common environment to the situations in each use cases.

The second aim of this document is to detail the associated objectives of the TINDAIR project:
• Prove TINDAIR’s technical solution is working well and is a viable solution to solve the technical challenges for the U-space service.
• Identify potential design flows to improve the solution
• Identify real life challenges that still needs to be addressed inside the U-space CONOPS or inside the solution
• Make an impactful demonstration:
o media coverage
o As close to reality as possible
o Social acceptance
In order to be able to prepare as well as possible all these exercises, several works were accomplished in 2021 by various members of the consortium:
• CONOPS definition
• Design of System Architecture: hardware preparation: CNPC, pildo box onboard kit and ground kit
• Integration of safe and secured command and control datalink between the 2 boxes
• Development of the Tindair’s prototype and operational procedures: implementation of information received by the pildo boxes, definition of a deconfliction algorithm
• Integration and V&V activities: integration of each onboard kit into the different UAVs
• Scenario’s preparation :
o Definition of each scenario through the DEMOP
o Definition of:
Safety assessment
Security assessment
o Impact on social acceptance
In order to have a strong impact from a communication point of view, a number of actions have been taken:
• Participation in several exhibitions
• Press release
• Interviews
• Creation of a website
• Creation of dedicated pages on social network
Since all Demo's will be done in 2022, the impacts of the project will only be quantifiable in that year.
However, the expected impacts are as follows:

1- The demonstration is expected to significantly contribute to the safe integration of UAM as additional airspace user
The implementation of TINDAiR operational scenarios and technologies will demonstrate that manned and unmanned air vehicles can safely and securely operate in the same airspace where there will be available new procedures for new CNS technology and enabling on-board equipment

2- The demonstration is expected to significantly improve the communication between USP and drone pilot
The implementation of TINDAiR operational scenarios will deeply investigate on the limits of the communication between USP and drone pilot going from on pre-collision alerts to real guidance

3- The demonstration is expected to significantly improve the safety of the UAM operations
TINDAiR will also pave the way for fully autonomous flight in the future. By demonstrating the requirements and technologies it will help to stimulate the development of fully autonomous aerial systems

4- The demonstration is expected to significantly boost the development of drone delivery for very specific use case: such as medical transportation, point 2-point delivery of blood and organs in sanitary emergency.
The results of the project will provide confidence for all the all the community as safety will be guaranteed in all the operating conditions and in crowded airspaces

5- The demonstration is expected to significantly improve the regulatory framework
The results of the project will provide guidance for equipment manufacturers on how they can answer to future requirements for different types of drones

6- The demonstration is expected to significantly improve the performance of SESAR solutions in the key area: safety, cost efficiency, operational efficiency, capacity, environment, security and human performance
The results of the project will deliver guidance for accelerating the digital European sky which represents tremendous value potential for every stakeholder in the aviation value chain

7- The demonstration is expected to prove that EGNSS (includes EGNOS and Galileo) provides benefits in provision to safe traffic deconfliction and resolution U-space services
TINDAIR will benefit from previous developments on integrating EGNSS services as in provision to e-identification and real time tracking services. The actual performance provided by EGNSS systems, in particular related to the RUNP integrity requirements, will be demonstrated as in contribution to the provision of safe conflict resolution services
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Image officielle : Toulouse
Image officielle : Bordeaux