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Search for Novel Non-Fermi Liquid Models and Materials

Project description

Improved models to study the behaviour of exotic metals

The Fermi-liquid model is good at predicting the properties of conventional metals at sufficiently low temperatures. However, there is a class of non-Fermi liquids or exotic metals that deviate from this model and demonstrate extraordinary properties. Prominent examples include certain heavy fermion compounds and high-temperature semiconductors. Funded by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, the EXOMETALS project aims to construct advanced quantum impurity models that describe this type of metals. These models could describe the interactions between the particles’ local degrees of freedom (spin) and the surrounding conduction electrons. The project’s ultimate goal is to create new states of matter in bulk materials and explore how these exotic metals behave in quantum dot devices.

Objective

The standard theory of electrons in metals, Landau’s Fermi liquid theory from 1956 has been very successful in predicting the low-temperature properties of many metals. Its greatest success was its ability to describe many heavy fermion metals, whose name comes from the huge apparent masses acquired by their conduction electrons. However increasingly many metals have been synthesized where Fermi-liquid predictions fail. They are called non-Fermi liquid (NFL) or exotic metals. Prominent examples are certain heavy fermion compounds and high-temperature superconductors. These materials are of interest because of the emergence of new properties that could be used in future technologies. In most cases NFL behaviors lack the understanding, as only a handful of solvable, microscopic models describe NFL phenomena. To make strides I will construct a novel class of NFL quantum impurity models. Quantum impurity models describe the interaction between local degrees of freedom, like a spin, and the surrounding conduction electrons. The simplest NFL quantum impurity model was considered to be the so-called two-channel Kondo model (2CKM). One of the new quantum impurity models—which I call the one-and-a-half-channel Kondo model and whose low-energy solution gives the topological Kondo effect—has less degrees of freedom and is, in this sense, simpler than the 2CKM, yet it also exhibits NFL behavior. Generally, this new family of NFL quantum impurity models includes all those overscreened Kondo-type models where the number of conduction electron species are not integer multiples of the number of impurity states. I will study the new quantum impurity models using Wilson’s numerical renormalization group method (recognized by the 1982 Nobel Prize). My further aims are to experimentally realize the corresponding NFL behavior, i.e. create new states of matter in bulk materials, and also to theoretically explore alternative realizations of the novel NFL physics in quantum dot devices.

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Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
Net EU contribution
€ 337 400,64
Address
Old college, south bridge
EH8 9YL Edinburgh
United Kingdom

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Region
Scotland Eastern Scotland Edinburgh
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00