Measurement-based quantum computation is a highly promising approach to quantum computing as it simply performs quantum processing directly through the measurements of a multi-partite entangled cluster state and thereby circumvents the complex unitary dynamics of conventional gate-based quantum computers. However, despite significant progress over the last decade in devising new strategies for measurement-based quantum computing, significant conceptual and technical challenges still remain for realizing up-scaled versions that reach the quantum advantage regime where it outperforms classical computation. In ClusterQ we aim to overcome these challenges using continuous variable three-dimensional entangled cluster states. Based on our recent work on generating and exploiting extremely large two-dimensional clusters states we aim to make conceptual breakthroughs along three different directions. First, we deterministically generate highly scalable three-dimensional cluster states of different topological structures, and explore their many-body behaviour and usefulness for quantum computing. Next, we use the three-dimensional cluster states combined with hybrid detection technologies to demonstrate new quantum boson sampling algorithms – a near-term quantum computing algorithm allowing for a demonstration of quantum computational supremacy – and finally, we explore, theoretically and experimentally, a novel strategy for fault-tolerant measurement-based quantum computation using surface-codes in 3D cluster states. ClusterQ aims to position the continuous variable measurement-based approach to quantum information processing in the field of front-running candidates for NISQ (noisy, intermediate-scale quantum) computing and, in the longer term, fault-tolerant quantum computing.
Fields of science
- HORIZON.1.1 - European Research Council (ERC) Main Programme