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NEUROmorphic energy-efficient secure accelerators based on Phase change materials aUgmented siLicon photonicS

Project description

Secure, energy-efficient neuromorphic accelerators based on augmented silicon photonics

Neuromorphic computing is a brain-inspired approach for processing large amounts of data with high energy efficiency, low latency and high bandwidth. Neuromorphic systems are particularly attractive for edge computing applications thanks to their high performance and lightweight features. However, strong and energy-efficient security layers are mandatory for such systems, especially for safety-critical applications, as they are very easily compromised at the edge. The EU-funded NEUROPULS project aims to build low-power, secure edge computing systems by developing novel photonic computing architectures and security layers based on photonic physical unclonable functions in augmented silicon photonics platforms compatible with CMOS technology. By developing novel technological, hardware and simulation platforms, NEUROPULS aims to create next-generation neuromorphic accelerators featuring RISC-V compliant interfaces for easier system compatibility.

Objective

The growing need to transfer massive amounts of data among multitudes of interconnected devices for e.g. self-driving vehicles, IoT or industry 4.0 has led to a quest towards low-power and secure approaches to locally processing data. Neuromorphic computing, a brain-inspired approach, addresses this need by radically changing the processing of information. Although neuromorphic electrical computing systems offer advantages in terms of CMOS implementations and scalability, they inherit limitations of conventional electronics such as low energy-efficiency, high latency and low bandwidth density. Besides, such systems often require robust security layers for e.g. safety-critical applications. Security layers based on memory-stored secret keys are prone to several types of memory-accessing attacks. Therefore, silicon hardware approaches for security primitives such as physical unclonable functions (PUFs) are currently investigated because of their absence of long-term digital memory storage. Although electronic PUFs have received major attention thanks to their native CMOS implementation, for secure authentication they are prone to machine learning and side-channel attacks due to their CMOS technology.
The NEUROPULS project aims to build next-generation low-power and secure edge-computing systems by developing novel photonic computing architectures and security layers based on photonic PUFs in augmented silicon photonics CMOS-compatible platforms. The integration of emerging non-volatile phase change materials for synapses/neurons and III-V materials for on-chip spiking sources, for the first time, will allow to build novel neuromorphic accelerators featuring RISC-V compliant interfaces for smooth adoption and programmability. Optimal performance will be achieved thanks to a novel full-system simulation platform for design space exploration. Three relevant use-cases will be considered for benchmarking to demonstrate 2 orders of magnitude energy efficiency improvement.

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Net EU contribution
€ 1 291 782,50
Address
RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 Paris
France

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
€ 1 482 561,25

Participants (14)