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Deciphering cellular signalling to cure graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and leukemia relapse

Objective

Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and leukemia relapse cause 75% of the mortality of patients having undergone allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). A better understanding of signalling in immune cells, tissue specific cell types and leukemia cells is key to develop novel therapies against GVHD and leukemia relapse. The ambitious overall goal of AlloCure is to identify the pathogenic events that initiate GVHD (1), maintain therapy-refractory GVHD (2) and mediate immune escape causing leukemia relapse (3). To address these high risk/high gain questions novel methods and developments across disciplines are required. (1) I hypothesize that a loss of to date unexplored intestinal enteroendocrine cells promotes GVHD initiation. To study these small cell subsets, we will use reporter genes and novel imaging methods to systematically evaluate their fate and signalling during intestinal GVHD. (2) Signalling propagating refractory GVHD is not well-understood. Our phospho-proteomics data set from corticosteroid- and ruxolitinib-refractory GVHD patients will instruct selective analysis of kinase activation in immune cells and enterocytes by using genetic Cre-lox-based and pharmacological approaches. (3) I have shown that leukemia-derived lactic acid inhibits glycolysis and MEK/ERK signalling in T cells, thereby impairing graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects. Here, I will decipher which other leukemia-derived metabolites mediate pathogenic signalling in immune cells and test if oncogenic signalling in leukemia cells drives immunosuppressive metabolite production. To enhance GVL we will inhibit pathogenic kinase activation in leukemia cells and myeloid suppressor cells. Using high risk/high gain approaches in a combination of murine and human studies AlloCure aims to develop individualized therapeutic strategies to interfere with pathogenic signalling responsible for GVHD or leukemia relapse to reduce the mortality rate of patients undergoing allo-HCT.

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Coordinator

UNIVERSITAETSKLINIKUM FREIBURG
Net EU contribution
€ 2 498 943,00
Address
Hugstetter strasse 49
79106 Freiburg
Germany

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Region
Baden-Württemberg Freiburg Freiburg im Breisgau, Stadtkreis
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 2,00