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Advanced Remote Monitoring Techniques for Glaciers, Avalanches and Landslides Hazard Mitigation


This project addresses to landslides, avalanches and glaciers-related hazard mitigation, through the development of advanced monitoring techniques and the improvement of forecasting methods and tools.Landslides hazard is increasingly causing substantial da mages in mountainous and hilly regions. Its occurrence is frequently related to human activities, which affect the land use (e.g. deforestation, urban development, etc.) and is increasing due to the continental climate changes. Analogously, climate changes are the main causes of the improved occurrence of avalanches as well as the dangerously increased movements of glaciers.The above effects largely impact on critical infrastructure safety and on social and economic activities.Their mitigation is therefore a paramount for protection of citizens and their properties.The enhancement of forecasting methods and tools plays a crucial role in this frame. This is achieved also through the development and the integration of monitoring solutions, able to provide meas urements over large areas, at useful accuracies, that are affordable, reliable and operational.Remote monitoring techniques based on ground-based SAR interferometry have been already developed for investigation of landslides over extended areas. However, t heir reliability for the early warning still face with intrinsic limitations related to operative and interpretation issues. Laser scanning techniques, on the other hand, have found so far very limited applications in detecting landslide movements. Further more, the use of such techniques to study avalanches and glaciers is still under investigation.The GALAHAD project aims at developing new and fundamental functionalities of the above remote monitoring techniques, enabling the improvement of reliability, pr ecision and operative usefulness of the measurements and of the forecasting capacity of the interpretation tools. Attention to cost-benefit considerations and to European standardisation policies

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Via Rubattino, 54

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