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Safety and emergency management systems for man-made and natural hazards

Objective

Specific Objectives
-To provide scientific and technical assistance to DGENV on the formulation, implementation and monitoring of EU policy on the control of major hazards and the prevention and mitigation of major accidents;
-To manage the European database on major technological accidents (MARS);
-To manage the OECD database on major technological accidents within MARS;
-To Manage the UN/ECE database on major technological accidents with trans-boundary effects within MARS
-To execute analyses of the MARS data to extract lessons to be learnt;
-To manage, maintain and develop the "Seveso Plant Information Retrieval System" (SPIRS);
-To manage the Community Documentation Centre on Industrial Risk (CDCIR);
-To provide scientific, technical and administrative support to the functioning of the various Technical Working Groups set up by DGENV within the framework of the Committee of Competent Authorities for the Seveso II Directive;
-To manage the "Mutual Joint Visits Programme" (MJV) set up to promote the exchange of best practice in the field of inspection systems;
-In close collaboration with DG ENV, to follow "The Regulatory Benchmark for the Control of Major Accident Hazards Involving Pipelines" and provide scientific and technical assistance in the formulation of a resulting directive;
-In close collaboration with DG ENV, European Parliament and Council to respond to the concerns resulting from the severe accident in Toulouse. This will amongst other items mean re-visiting land-use planning and the organisation of specialist working groups;
-To collect and disseminate online information on the occurrence and management of natural and environmental disasters, via the NEDIES website;
-To maintain the NEDIES website and to execute analysis of the information collected;
-To issue lessons learnt reports on the occurrence and management of natural disasters
and other disasters affecting the environment (e.g. train and tunnel);
-To produce guidelines and recommendations to face future disasters;
-To investigate the medical and socio-economic implications of accidents and disasters;
-To improve the dissemination of information for the general public and also to public authorities;
-To improve the visibility of the NEDIES project via a communication of the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, in close collaboration with DG ENV.
-To define the terms of reference of the COMPASS project for the characterisation and qualification of risk assessment;
-To define the technical requirements of the EICARE (European Information Centre for Accidental Risk and Emergencies).
Planned Deliverables

Specific deliverables to DGs:
-A constantly updated version of the MARS database, a local version is distributed to each Competent Authority every six months;
-A constantly updated version of the MARS database, a local version is distributed to each Competent Authority every six months;
-Studies on the analyses of the MARS data.
-An updated version of the "Seveso Plant Information Retrieval System" (SPIRS).
-An updated web-based version of CDCIR for on-line interrogation.
-Studies on the analyses of the NEDIES data;
-Preliminary investigation on the medical and socio-economic implications of accidents and disasters.

As a result of the research:
-Dissemination through the MAHB internet site of information on man-made hazards, in particular those relevant to the Seveso Directive;
-Dissemination through the NEDIES internet site of information on the management of natural and environmental disasters;
-Publications on "lessons learnt" with the objective of improving safety in the industries and the management of natural and environmental disasters;
-Preparation of guidelines/recommendations to face natural disasters;
-MAHB seminars and workshops and the production of technical guidance documents;
-NEDIES seminars and workshops on specific types of natural or environmental disasters and on disaster information and communication.

Summary of 2001 Deliverables
-An updated version of the MARS database, a local version was distributed to each National Competent Authority in May and October;
-An updated web-based version of CDCIR, featuring full on-line search facilities.
-Distribution to Member State Competent Authorities the "Seveso Plant Information Retrieval System" (SPIRS);
-Publication of the proceedings of the "Seveso 2000" conference;
-Organisation of the "Mutual Joint Visits Programme" (MJV) for France and Austria;
-Organisation of the CCA seminars on "Information to the Public" and "EU funded Research";
-Organisation of technical workshop on "Pyrotechnics and Explosives", Ispra, March 28th - 30th;
-rganisation of technical workshop on "Acute Exposure Levels", Ispra, May
28th - 30th;
-Organisation of technical workshop on "Ports and Marshalling Yards", Ispra, Oct 3rd - 4th
-Updating of the NEDIES website; it contains now more than 60 "disaster forms";
-Organisation of a meeting on "Lessons Learnt from Storm Disasters", Ispra, 3-4 May;
-Organisation of a meeting on "Lessons Learnt from Flood Disasters", Ispra, 27-28 September;
-Publication of the EUR Report "Lessons Learnt from Storm Disasters";
-Publication of the EUR Report "Lessons Learnt from Earthquakes occurred in Greece";
-Publication of the EUR Report "Lessons Learnt from Flood Disasters";
-Preparation of "Recommendations" to face avalanche disasters.

Summary of 2002 Deliverables

Work to be completed in 2002 includes:
-An updated version of the MARS / SPIRS system for EU member states.
-An updated version of the OECD MARS system for OECD countries;
-An updated version of the UN/ECE MARS system for UN/ECE signatories to the Convention on the trans-boundary effects of industrial accidents;
-Organisation of the "Mutual Joint Visits" in Sweden, Italy and Belgium;
-Organisation in early 2002 (as the result of the Toulouse accident) of a specialist meeting on the "Safety of Ammonium Nitrate";
-Organisation of the international conference, in collaboration with the French Competent Authorities, on "Major Hazards and Land-Use Planning", Lille, France, Feb 14th -16th, 2002;
-Organisation of the CCA seminar on "Environmental Consequences of Major Accidents";
-Organisation of Technical Working Groups as determined by the Committee of Competent Authorities;
-Continuous updating of the NEDIES website, with online collection and dissemination of information on natural and environmental disasters occurred in Europe;
-Organisation of meetings to discuss lessons learnt in the following areas: forest fires, landslides and firework accidents;
-Organisation of a meeting on disaster information and disaster communication, in collaboration with DG ENV
-Publication of lessons learnt reports from the management of maritime disasters, forest fires, landslides and firework accidents;
-Publication of guidelines to face flash floods and landslides.

Summary of deliverables made by:
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Output Indicators and Impact

JRC / customer relationship is very good, see customer response from DG ENV for 1999, 2000 and 2001.

All 2001 deliverables successfully completed. MAHB is now recognised as an independent centre of excellence for major accident hazards prevention, this is shown by the numerous requests for membership of EU shared cost research projects. NEDIES has been designed to become a common repository of lessons learnt from the management of natural disasters.
Summary of the project

The project covers the work of the Major Accident Hazards Bureau (MAHB) and the work of the Natural and Environmental Disaster Information Exchange System (NEDIES). MAHB supports the implementation and monitoring of Community policy on the control of major hazards and the prevention and mitigation of major accidents, e.g. chiefly the Seveso II Directive. It plays a pivotal role in the scientific, follow-up actions, which result after the occurrence of any major accident, including the formulation of amendments to the relevant legislation. For example, the Seveso II Directive is currently being amended to take account of the accident in Enschede involving the storage of pyrotechnic substances, the cyanide spill at Baia Mare, and it will surely be re-assessed in the light of the Toulouse accident and in particular with respect to land-use planning. MAHB also supports the formulation of forthcoming legislation (e.g. directive concerning the carriage of dangerous chemicals in pipelines). MAHB will maintain and update the Major Accident Reporting System (MARS), analysing accident reports and extracting and disseminating the "lessons learnt" to competent authorities, industry, trade unions, and the safety research community. MAHB will also maintain within MARS a major accident reporting system for the OECD countries and for the UN/ECE convention on the effects of major accidents with trans-boundary effects. MAHB will maintain and further develop the mapping of establishments containing hazardous substances with the SPIRS system and it maintain the Community Documentation Centre on Industrial Risk
(CDCIR). NEDIES supports the Community action programmes on Civil Protection by making available validated information on natural disasters and other disasters affecting the environment (e.g. train and tunnel accidents) that have occurred in the past.
The data delivered mainly concerns prevention, preparedness, response and information given to the public.
Principal aims of NEDIES include accident analysis and the publication of lessons learnt reports from the management of natural and environmental disasters and the preparation of guidelines and recommendations to face future disasters. Focus will be given to the development of an area dedicated to the dissemination of information to the public, within the NEDIES website.
See also the related EU enlargement process pre-accession (pa) project.

Rationale

The safety of the citizen in Europe faces a continuing challenge from a wide range of disasters and emergencies, arising both from natural and technological hazards. For policy-makers to cope effectively with such emergencies requires careful planning and management, which must draw on a consolidated body of experience and analysis. The Major Accident Hazards Bureau (MAHB) has the specific remit to give independent scientific and technical support to the Commission to ensure the successful implementation and monitoring of EU policy on the control of major hazards and the prevention and mitigation of major accidents. The Natural and Environmental Disaster Information Exchange System (NEDIES) will ensure that the experience available throughout Europe in the management of natural and environmental disasters is shared, assessed, and systematically exploited.

Funding Scheme

JRC - Joint Research Centre research

Coordinator

Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen
Address

Ispra
Italy