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Carbon NANOTUBE MEMbranes by Templated Growth in Oriented Molecular Sieve Films

Objective

Recently, carbon nanotube membranes attracted attention because of experiments and simulations indicating extremely high fluxes. If selective separations can also be demonstrated, these membranes will be a major breakthrough in efficient gas, liquid and vapor separations with tremendous implications in energy efficiency, especially in hydrocarbon separations, water purification and microdevices for hydrogen purification and storage. The currently used multi-step microfabrication procedures, although appropriate for laboratory scale measurements, do not allow for efficient and economic production of the large membrane areas (e.g., hundred square meters) needed for membrane based purification applications nor they provide means for precisely controlling nanotube size and structure that may be desirable for highly selective separations. We propose to undertake the challenge to develop practical selective nanotube membranes by growing submicron thick, densely-packed, subnanometer diameter carbon nanotubes in the interior of the pores of oriented aluminophoshate (AlPO4) molecular sieve films. The proposed use of AlPO4 films as hosts of carbon nanotubes is motivated by previous studies that demonstrate carbon nanotube synthesis inside the micropores of AlPO4 crystalline powders and builds on our ability to grow well-intergrown and appropriately oriented AlPO4 films. If successful, we expect to form high concentration of oriented and uniformly sized carbon nanotubes extending throughout the molecular sieve channels. It is possible that membranes with unprecedented performance (high selectivity and extremely high flux) will be the ultimate outcome of this work. Moreover, the growth technique that we propose to develop and the resulting oriented carbon nanotube films may be of interest for electronic and electrochemical applications.

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2007-4-3-IRG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-IRG - International Re-integration Grants (IRG)

Coordinator

"NATIONAL CENTER FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ""DEMOKRITOS"""
Address
End Of Patriarchou Grigoriou E And 27 Neapoleos Street
15341 Agia Paraskevi
Greece
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 100 000
Administrative Contact
Nick Kanellopoulos (Dr.)