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Treatment and Disposal of Irradiated Graphite and Other Carbonaceous Waste

Objective

Gas-Cooled Reactors (GCR), RBMK and some Material Test Reactors (MTR) make use of graphite as moderator of the fuel, structures of the core and/or thermal columns. During operation, the graphite and other carbonaceous materials like carbon brick, pyrocarbon and silicon carbide coatings are contaminated by fission products and neutron activation. These irradiated carbonaceous wastes are problematic due to their content of long-lived radioisotopes (e.g. Carbon14, Chlorine 36) and due to their large volumes. About 250000 t of i-carbon are existing, worldwide. Acceptable solutions have not yet been established to handle this kind of waste. This fact also represents a significant drawback for the market introduction of graphite-moderated reactors like Very/High-Temperature Reactors (V/HTR) as a promising Generation IV system candidate. Graphite moderated reactors represent the very first generation of nuclear reactors and therefore need to be decommissioned ahead of other reactor types which evolved later. Presently, accelerated decommissioning of GCR and RBMK and subsequent disposal of i-graphite is the preferred option for not leaving this waste as a legacy for future generations. The CARBOWASTE project aims at an integrated waste management approach for this kind of radioactive wastes which are mainly characterized as Intermediate Level Waste (ILW), due to the varying content of long-lived radioisotopes. Methodologies and databases will be developed for assessing different technology options like direct disposal in adopted waste containers, treatment & purification before disposal or even recycling i-carbonaceous material for reuse in the nuclear field. The feasibility of the associated processes will be experimentally investigated to deliver data for modeling the microstructure and localization of contaminants. This is of high importance to better understand the origin of the contamination and the release mechanisms during treatment and/or disposal.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/nuclear physics/nuclear fission

Call for proposal

FP7-Fission-2007
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Germany
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 003 757,55
Administrative Contact
Alexandra De Schepper (Ms.)

Participants (29)

Jacobs Clean Energy Limited
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 42 801
Address
Chelford Road Booths Hall
WA16 8QZ Knutsford
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Joanne Hill (Dr.)
AGENCE NATIONALE POUR LA GESTION DES DECHETS RADIOACTIFS
France
EU contribution
€ 75 404
Address
1-7 Rue Jean Monnet - Parc De La Croix Blanche
92298 Chatenay Malabry
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Pascale Balland (Ms.)
AREVA NP SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 35 557,50
Address
1 Place Jean Millier Tour Areva
92400 Courbevoie
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Francois Luquet (Mr.)
BRADTEC DECON TECHNOLOGIES ltd
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 257 392,60
Address
Foley Road 33
KT10 0LU Claygate, Surrey
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
David Bradbury (Dr.)
CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES ENERGETICAS, MEDIOAMBIENTALES Y TECNOLOGICAS-CIEMAT
Spain
EU contribution
€ 424 080
Address
Avenida Complutense 40
28040 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Gabriel Pina (Dr.)
COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France
EU contribution
€ 759 000
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
André Guilbaud (Mr.)
DOOSAN BABCOCK LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 264 585
Address
Manor Royal Crawley Business Quarter Doosan House
RH10 9AD Crawley
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Moira Mcaleney (Ms.)
ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE
France
EU contribution
€ 70 114
Address
Avenue De Wagram 22
75008 Paris 08
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Christine Patte (Ms.)
ECOLE NORMALE SUPERIEURE
France
EU contribution
€ 150 295,20
Address
45, Rue D'ulm
75230 Paris Cedex 05
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Marylène Meston De Ren (Ms.)
AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 127 552
Address
Lungotevere Grande Ammiraglio Thaon Di Revel 76
000196 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Alessandro Dodaro (Dr.)
EMPRESA NACIONAL DE RESIDUOS RADIOACTIVOS SA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 92 398
Address
Calle Emilio Vargas 7
28043 Madrid
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Enrique Cerezo (Mr.)
UCAR SNC - GROUPE GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD
France
EU contribution
€ 66 000
Address
La Lechere
73264 Aigueblanche Cedex
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Pierre Homerin (Dr.)
VALSTYBINIS MOKSLINIU TYRIMU INSTITUTAS FIZINIU IR TECHNOLOGIJOS MOKSLU CENTRAS
Lithuania
EU contribution
€ 156 089,80
Address
Savanoriu 231
02300 Vilnius
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Grigorijus Duškesas (Dr.)
REGIA AUTONOMA PENTRU ACTIVITATI NUCLEARE DROBETA TR. SEVERIN RA SUCURSALA CERCETARI NUCLEARE PITESTI
Romania
EU contribution
€ 50 875
Address
Cimpului 1
0402 Mioveni - Arges
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Luminita Savoiu (Ms.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 134 571,80
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Eliane Perret (Ms.)
JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 112 364
Address
Rue De La Loi 200
1049 Brussels
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jacqueline Ribeiro (Dr.)
LIETUVOS ENERGETIKOS INSTITUTAS
Lithuania
EU contribution
€ 139 986
Address
Breslaujos G. 3
LT-44403 Kaunas
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Grazvydas Budvytis (Mr.)
NATIONAL NUCLEAR LABORATORY LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 755 203
Address
Chadwick House Warrington Road
WA3 6AE Warrington
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Gordon Bryan (Mr.)
NUCLEAR DECOMMISSIONING AUTHORITY - NDA
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 67 191
Address
Westlakes Science Park - Herdus House
CA24 3HU Moor Row
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Simon Norris (Dr.)
NUCLEAR RESEARCH AND CONSULTANCY GROUP
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 169 610
Address
Westerduinweg 3
1755 LE Petten
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Dierk Emmens
STUDIECENTRUM VOOR KERNENERGIE / CENTRE D'ETUDE DE L'ENERGIE NUCLEAIRE
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 132 114
Address
Avenue Herrmann Debroux 40
1160 Bruxelles
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Griet Vanderperren (Ms.)
SGL CARBON GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 76 085,50
Address
Werner-von-siemens-strasse 18
86405 Meitingen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Klaus Heichele (Mr.)
STUDSVIK NUCLEAR AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 25 682
Address
N/a
61182 Nykoeping
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Jerry Ericsson (Mr.)
ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS
France
EU contribution
€ 340 458
Address
Boulevard Saint Michel 60
75272 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Florence Thepenier (Ms.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 470 833,05
Address
Oxford Road
M13 9PL Manchester
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Liz Fay (Ms.)
PEBBLE BED MODULAR REACTOR COMPANY (PTY) LTD
South Africa
Address
Pebble House 1279 Mike Crawford
0046 Centurion
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Jörg Lalk (Dr.)
THE SOUTH AFRICAN NUCLEAR ENERGY CORPORATION LIMITED
South Africa
Address
Church Street West Extension Pelin Daba Brits District
0001 Pretoria
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Willem Meyer (Dr.)
ALD FRANCE
France
Address
73D Rue General Mangin
38100 Grenoble
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Johannes Fachinger (Dr.)
SOCIETA' GESTIONE IMPIANTI NUCLEARI PER AZIONI
Italy
Address
Via Marsala 51C
00185 Roma
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Harralabos Katsavos (Mr.)