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Mapping the Knowledge Base of the Chinese Economy


In the Lisbon Agreement of 2000, the European Council agreed on a new strategic goal for the Union in order to strengthen employment, economic reform and social cohesion as part of a knowledge-based economy. The transition to a competitive, dynamic and knowledge-based economy is taking place both in China and the EU, but with different dynamics and at a different pace. Scientometric (and informetric) techniques can be used for mapping the organized knowledge production system of an economy. We apply the se methods on both Chinese and international data in order to estimate the different parameters of the various knowledge flows. The knowledge production systems will be compared with those of other large economies (like the U.S.A. UK, Japan, Germany, and France). The project is interdisciplinary: it involves knowledge of and theorizing in the information sciences, science policy, science communication, scientometrics, etc. The project focuses on the knowledge-based economy as well as the triple helix o f university-industry-government relations.

Particularly, we analyse:
(1) aggregated journal-journal relations of Chinese and international journals,
(2) Chinese, American and European patent literature,
(3) internationally standardized funding statistics like those of the OECD, and
(4) the interface between science and technology in critical technologies like nanotechnology and genomics.

The mapping exercise will be theoretically informed by theories from science & technology studies and evolutionary economics. The comparison of Chinese data with European, with Japan and the U.S.A. as well as within Europe in terms of the various nations provides us with insights, which can be made relevant for S&T policies on both sides. In the policy recommendation s and the conclusions chapters we address the issue of the S&T policies of the P.R. China, the EU, its member states, and the effectiveness of the respective priority-setting schemes.

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