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Content archived on 2024-05-29

Impact of intensive antibiotic use on natural environment


Increasingly, governmental bodies, including the European Union have emphasized the importance of the wide use of antibiotics, especially because of the emergence of microbial resistance. The aim of the project is to assess the impact on natural environment of the intensive use of antibiotics in agriculture, to predict its long-term consequences for human and animal health, and to propose solutions for better practices. This application proposes a three-year research project with two years fieldwork in Australia and a one-year return period in France.

The project has six main objectives:
(i) Sampling of natural ecosystems in space and time, according to the aquaculture practices,
(ii) Determinate the fate of antibiotics in all compartments,
(iii) Identify t he antibiotic-degrading microorganisms and resistance genes,
(iv) Characterize the impact on microbial communities, and identify potential bacterial vectors of resistance genes,
(v) Model the behaviour of antibiotics, predict their long-term impact, assess the global risk, and
(vi) propose methods for antibiotic bioremediation, and molecular tools for evaluation of agricultural practices.

This project will utilize a synergistic approach of tools from the applicant and the two host institutions, and will pro mote the collaboration between the partners. The Australian host research group has been chosen because it will provide unique preserved sites, specific environmental management skills and unique molecular methods to the applicant that are not available in Europe. This project will therefore be highly beneficial for the European host institution, the European Research Area, and the applicant's career. This is highly relevant to the core objectives of improved mobility, co-operation and structuring of the European Research Area (ERA). Additionally, the application topic addresses a number of EU and international priority actions and policy positions, and therefore constitutes added value to the community.

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