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DIsmantling of Vessels with Enhanced Safety and Technology

Final Report Summary - DIVEST (DIsmantling of Vessels with Enhanced Safety and Technology)

Executive Summary:
1. Executive summary

DIVEST has been a Research and Technology Development collaborative project funded by the European Community as part of the 7th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration (FP7: 2007-2011), under Grant Agreement No SCP-GA-2008-218695-DIVEST. It started on 1st August 2008 and ended on 31st December 2011.

DIVEST – A holistic understanding of ship dismantling.

The aim of DIVEST was to provide a holistic understanding of ship dismantling through the combination of requirements and impacts (with associated procedures and processes) from pertinent social, technical, economic and environmental drivers into a single, integrated and validated decision support tool (database).

Project deliverables are as follows:

1. A set of validated risk and economic models that will cover the entirety of the ship dismantling space,
2. A set of policy recommendations and risk analysis on the optimum recycling / dismantling facility and process,
3. A suite of tailored training programmes tested and validated in situ (in India for example).
4. An information exchange accessible to the stakeholder community.

DIVEST – Benefits :

1. DIVEST provides a core, validated and practical definition of ship dismantling that will be common to and useable by all stakeholders.
2. With business and operational risks and value drivers better defined and understood, DIVEST also make an immediate and positive contribution to business practices globally.
3. Through practical on the ground case studies (collection of environmental data in India, Turkey, UK and Spain undertaken over a full fifteen-months period) and training, as well as through the involvement of non-European partners into the Project Consortium, DIVEST aims at facilitating technological improvement and the betterment of human and environmental conditions in countries involved in the study (broad public engagement and international dialogue through active dissemination of knowledge are fundamental tenets to the project).

Project Context and Objectives:
2. Description of the Project context and objectives

2.1. Project context

On an overall and internal basis, the project had to face several difficulties that generated delays. Firstly, it has been delayed due to late beginning of the project. Indeed as per Grant Agreement, it started formally in August 2008 but due the initial funding from the EC that occurred in December 2008, some members had only started their actual work in January 2009.

The consortium still expected in February 2010 to meet the initial completion date of project as per grant agreement and to recover the delay, howver it had finally to request a 5 months extension of the duration of the project from the EC that has been agreed in June 2011.

The request for an extension was actually due other factors. First of all two members of the consortium, VEOLIA and NAVALINK did not take part to the project creating major disturbances. In order to cover the tasks initially allocated to these members, it has been decided by the PMC to re-allocate the tasks of VEO within the consortium. Regarding the tasks that should have been performed by NAV, it has been tried in Q2- Q3 2010 to appoint a new member – the Ship Recycling Association of Turkey – but this initiative has finally been aborted due to a refusal of SRA to join the consortium in the last stage of the negotiation.

Field measurement campaigns have eventually been carried out through the subcontracting of part of the tasks to the shipyards Pallion Limited in 2010-11 and finally in Spain in December 2011. Other field analysis has been carried out in Sweden, Turkey and India. The analysis of the data collected was a major input and it has delayed the entire project. The project enjoyed a enhanced cooperation with ship recycling and ship repairing facilities for this phase.

The remaining tasks to be re-allocated – mainly in connection training – have been performed internally with the consortium members mainly in India.

It has to be reminded that that Navalink has received 6847 EUR that have not been recovered yet despite several formal reminders and the EC is now following this issue.

From a pure administrative viewpoint, it appeared that no deliverable had been formally submitted into the EC database SESAME or to the ECPO during the first 18 months of the project. The situation has improved and has been recovered, a new process for internal review of the deliverables being set up in order to ensure quality before actual submission into SESAME.

Several amendments of the DoW (four) have been requested during the life of the project in order to ensure a correct consistency of the tasks performed with the description of works. This long process has generated additional delays to and most of the consortium members had to face some problems with their set up in the EC database (SESAME) for mid term reporting.

The submission of the mid-term report has been done with a six month delay compared to timing due to problem of financial reporting under FORCE and the problems encountered with the amendment of the DoW. The Final report has been submitted with a delay of three months.

At last, there have been three Project Coordinators, three ECPO and two technical coordinators to follow the project which generated some disturbances too.

A new completion date of the project was 31st December 2011. Due to final works and a last measurement campaign that took place in December 2011, the final technical deliverables have been submitted in Q1 2012.

Despite all those problems, all the deliverables have been submitted in the EC database (NEF) and the project – pending EC review and formal acceptance - can be considered as completed in compliance with the DoW..

On a more generally basis, this project has been carried out in the context of the implementation of the Basel II convention preventing OECD members to “export” their vessels to be dismantled, leading to a general thinking on how to recycle a vessel in developed countries. However except for state-owned vessels, most of the vessels are still recycled in the Asia and there has been no major change during the duration of the project, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and China representing 90% of the market. The only key player from OECD is Turkey with less than 5% of the market.

The signature of the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships on 15th May 2009 demonstrated a real concern of the international community for shipdismantling issue and the need to have common standards that ensure a recycling of the vessels in compliance with improved environmental and safety standards. Discussed in the framework of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) it actually aims at developing an instrument on ship recycling that should include regulations for the design, construction, operation and preparation of ships so as to facilitate safe and environmentally sound recycling. DIVEST project appears to be fully in line with the target of this convention and the products developed will accompany the implementation of those regulations. As for any international convention, process of ratification has started but is slow and criteria for the entry into force are not yet met but EC commitment is real since the Council of the European Union has formally required in March 2012 its members to ratify or to accede the convention.

From a more business-focused viewpoint, this project has been carried in a context of high activity for Ship-recycling facilities and significant concerns regarding the situation in Bangladesh which is among the four major players in this activity. The difficult market conditions lead ship-owners to consider the dismantling of their vessels. It triggered a significant decrease of the average age of the operational merchant vessels. For instance, the average age of the VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier) was only 8 years in December 2011.

Indeed following the downturn of the global activity in 2008 and the fall of both charter rates and of second hand prices, the number of vessels dismantled has increased significantly. Depending on the sources – figures could be slightly different – it is estimated that in 2007, only 288 vessels had been dismantled corresponding to a tonnage of 1,7 Mt of Scrap. In 2009, figures soared to 1006 vessels and 8,2 Mt and a record was reached in 2011 with 1020 vessels dismantled corresponding to 8,14 Mt.

At last, one key player of the shipdismantling industry – Bangladesh – was almost paralyzed from 2009 until March 2011 when its Supreme Court finally agreed to lift the ban on this industry. NGOs through this legal ban had managed to suspend a business they considered as too dangerous for workers and too costly for the environment. Local ship breaking yards have been given more time to meet tougher safety and environmental rules.


2.2. Project objectives

As per the DoW, the Strategic Objectives of the Project DIVEST was to address the Level-1 “Topic SST.2007.1.2.2 End of life strategies for vehicles/vessels and infrastructures” under the “Area 7.2.1.2 Environment-friendly and efficient industrial processes”. The strategic objective of the Activity Area is as follows :
“To improve the cleanliness and efficiency of industrial processes specific to transport products and infrastructure. All processes ranging from design, manufacturing, assembly, construction to maintenance and repair will be considered. Research will define and develop end of life strategies for vehicles, vessels and infrastructures. Innovative solutions for rapid interventions in case of transport accidents will be proposed for the protection of marine, coastal and land environments.”

Policy-making bodies are in dire need of up-to-date objective scientific data to support and enhance their decision making process as applied to the vastly complex topic of ship dismantling. The objective of this Project was to “define a total integrated risk and economic framework” applicable to the optimisation of ship dismantling activities and infrastructure, from a social, economic and environmental point of view. This framework will apply across the life cycle of a vessel and it will be developed using both risk-based analysis and economic modelling/value-based analysis. In building the framework, particular emphasis has been placed on the dismantling value and competence chain.

Implementation steps have been :

1. selection of the risk and economic analysis process that best fits the needs and constraints of the ship dismantling process,
2. validation of the applicability of the selected method using modelling and case studies, with particular emphasis on the dynamic combination of technical, environmental and human factors,
3. organisation of the research data and output into a readily accessible database to support risk management and decision making.

The subjects of concern that have been identified for the project have been addressed as follows:

1. a process to answer the safety concerns linked to ‘ecological processes for clean and safe dismantling’ & ‘clean and safe disposal’
2. an analysis of ships, infrastructure and personnel, with focus on the dynamic interfaces between them, to support research on ‘vessels and infrastructure end of life analysis addressing industrial, ecological and economic criteria’.
3. economic analysis of the main risk drivers of various identified ship / infrastructure / process combinations to answer questions on the cost effectiveness of ship recycling

The Project involved partners from India into the research team. It also played an active part in technology transfer and the betterment of human and environmental conditions in Asian countries through a far reaching dissemination and training program.

Besides trainings, market and legal analysis, the main deliverables submitted electronically to the EC are:

1. A validated risk and economic model,
2. HSEQ recommendations on the optimum dismantling facility and process,
3. A value model
4. A decision support tool
5. A knowledge-exchange platform (KEP).


Project Results:
3. Description of the main S&T results/foregrounds

From the various work packages and deliverables of the DIVEST project, many useful scientific and technical results have been obtained. This section of the report aims to provide a brief overview of the results obtained in the DIVEST project and review these them in terms of the potential of exploitation and applicability to stakeholders within the industry and the European Commission.

For assessing the exploitation potential of each deliverable a simple scale has been utilised:

High (red) – The deliverable has yielded an output which can be classified as a product or tool which can be further developed, marketed or potentially licensed to third party users.

Medium (amber) – The deliverable has produced unique scientific and technical information which can be utilised in scientific publications, further research and be of great interest to stakeholders.

Low (green) – The content of the deliverable is review or background work which may have some useful information for stakeholders and further exploitation.

When identifying the potential stakeholders each deliverable may be applicable to the following stakeholder classification has been utilised:

European Commission (EC)

Ship Dismantling Industry – Facility Owner, Potential Investor, Contractors

Ship Owners & Cash Buyers

Regulatory Bodies – International Maritime Organisation (IMO), International Labour Organisation (ILO), Basel Convention

Control and Monitoring Bodies - National/Regional Government, Waste Management Centre

Non-Governmental Organisations - Greenpeace, Shipbreaking Platform

Associations

Research Institutes- Universities, Research and Development departments




3.1. Work Package 2 – Review of Policy and Market

The objective of WP 2 was to provide an overview of the legal characteristics of the international ship dismantling industry and of the associated market.

D2.1 State of the Art – Technical processes

This deliverable is a description of the State of the Art of the different methods and procedures which are used for the dismantling and recycling of ships providing a picture of the current situation in different recycling countries like India, Bangladesh, China, Turkey, EU countries, USA etc.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Current ship dismantling technologies utilised in each ship dismantling location

• Potentially innovative new technologies for ship dismantling

• Costs, benefits, disadvantages and technical performance information

• Occupational health and safety and environmental risks attached to the technologies

• Ship dismantling procedures, waste streams and recyclability levels of vessels.


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D2.2 Legal Situation

This deliverable is known as the “DIVEST legal situation report” which is a comprehensive review of international legislation, European legislation and national legislation related to dismantling/recycling of vessels.

Within this deliverable the following elements are documented and reviewed:

• International laws: IMO Convention, Basel Convention, ILO Conventions, MARPLO Convention as well as the related EU directives; EC Waste Shipment Regulation, RoHS, WEEE and REACH.

• National legislation of Germany, Turkey, Sweden, Japan, India, Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, USA and UK are reviewed.

• International guidelines and EU guidelines as well as international standards e.g ISO 30000 in the field of application.

• Overview of the key legal requirements for the dismantling of vessels


A law register available in a Microsoft excel sheet, which has been maintained and updated during the life cycle of the DIVEST project, provides a useful library of the laws and regulations tabulated by country.


Exploitation Potential Level: MEDIUM

If the created law register is kept up to date and accurate, it has the scope to become a useful tool for the stakeholders involved within the ship dismantling industry. Future investment and research could lead to the law register being expanded to include more countries legislation and being presented in a more user friendly interface

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D2.2 Actual Political Situation

The development and enhancement of occupational health and environmental conditions within ship recycling are generally influenced by the current political climate. Politics, national and international organisations are influencing the behaviour in the ship breaking and recycling market.

This deliverable contains a review of national and international institutions and organisations responsible for the relevant political landscape.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• General information about the political opinions of governments; local, regional and national.

• Current political statements towards ship recycling of high profile organisations reviewed.


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations


D2.3 Ship Dismantling Legal and Market

This deliverable includes three reports which firstly provide a fair and accurate description of the current market for ship dismantling and then provide updates and changes to the market and legal aspects throughout the life cycle of the DIVEST project.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Decision process leading to ship owner sending ship to be dismantled

• Trends in the freight rate and scrap price and their influence on ship dismantling

• Historical ship dismantling statistics i.e. volume, location, scrap price

• Update of price and market evolution

• Updates regarding the commitment of the different stakeholders (ship-owners, ship recycling facilities, cash buyers).

• The main legal updates such as those dealing with Hong Kong Convention


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations


D2.5 Risk Register

This deliverable introduces a developed risk register which can be used for the quantitative risk determination of ship dismantling, considering different dismantling processes. A risk model is also explained which can be used to calculate the risk for different stakeholders in ship dismantling, especially within the dismantling facility.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Information relating to the ship dismantling process

• An overview of HSE risks in a typical ship dismantling facility

• Explanation of the risk register concept

• Documentation of a practical application of the risk register in a FMEA assessment


Exploitation Potential Level: HIGH

From this deliverable the following tool has been identified for exploitation:

Risk Index Assessment method for Occupational Health and Safety and the Environment- A quantitative risk assessment tool for a more detailed analysis in the areas of occupational health and safety and the environment.


Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Research Institutes


D2.6 Positioning Paper

This deliverable presents a brief report to the ship dismantling industry and the EU stating the projects consortiums opinions regarding ship dismantling and the proposed solutions within the context of the DIVEST project.

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


3.2. Work Package 3 - Selection of Applicable Risk Analysis Methods for Ship dismantling and Risk Analysis

The objective of WP 3 is to provide an overview of available risk assessment methods, review and select best applicable methods for ship dismantling.

D3.1 Risk Map (focus on HSEQ)

This deliverable identifies the hazards and risks persisting in the ship dismantling industry through presenting a map of hazards and risks in relation to identified ship dismantling sub-systems.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Explanation of ship dismantling sub-systems

• Identification of hazards and risks within the sub-systems

• Documentation of a expert led ship dismantling safety workshop


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Research Institutes



D3.2 Framework for Risk Evaluation Method Selection

This deliverable contains a database of various risk analysis methods and a risk evaluation criteria and for determining the most suitable method(s) in a ship breaking context.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• An introduction of the different categories of risk analysis methods

• A comprehensive database of over 50 risk analysis methods

• Risk evaluation criteria for ship dismantling workshop and outputs


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Research Institutes


D3.3 D3.4 D3.5 & D3.7 Report on Selected Risk Analysis Methods

This deliverable is a uniting of the following Deliverables in the Work Package 3; “Selection of Applicable Risk Analysis Methods for Ship dismantling”: D 3.3 Report on Selected RA Method-Facility, D 3.4 Report on Selected Ra Method-Ship, D 3.5 Report on Selected RA Method-Others HS and D 3.7 Report on Test Cases. This uniting has been done due to the advantages of having a few universal Risk Assessment methods that are usable in the different sub systems selected as relevant for a ship recycling yard.

This collection of deliverables has two separate reports which address risk assessment of health and safety factors and environmental impact assessment.

DIVEST-D-3.3-3.4-3.5-3.7-20100205-IVF-ReportonSelectedRAMethods-Rev-FINAL01.doc

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• The selection and development of risk assessment methods usable for the ship dismantling facilities including ships to be recycled and repaired.

• The detailed development and methodology of a bespoke risk assessment method for occupational health and safety for the ship dismantling industry; The 3- Step Method for risk assessment
o Checklists and assessment documents suitable for ship dismantling facilities developed
o Easy to use and compatible risk matrix selected

• Documentation of a practical application and validation of the method in a ship repair yard in Sweden

• Documentation of a practical application and validation of the method in a ship dismantling yards in India

• A computerised version of the method

DIVEST-D-3.5-Addendum-20111220-IVF-3SM-EnvironmentalScreeningTool-FINAL.doc

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• A background of the most important standards, guidance and legislation relating to environmental aspect concerning ship dismantling

• The development and methodology of a user friendly 3-Step environmental impact study to be used by the ship recycling and the ship repairing industry


Exploitation Potential Level: HIGH

From this deliverable the following tools have been identified for exploitation:

3-Step Occupational Health and Safety Risk Assessment Method- A bespoke qualitative risk assessment tool for the ship recycling industry which is simple and easy to use and focuses on occupational health and safety hazards.

Computer Programme for 3-Step Occupational Health and Safety Risk Assessment Method – Simple method to know the health and safety risks associated with various work activities in the ship recycling industry using easily understandable computer programme

3-Step Method Environmental screening tool - A qualitative tool for the ship recycling industry which is simple and easy to use for analysing impact on the environment

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D3.6 Report on Selected Risk analysis Methods - Financial

This deliverable presents a review of the various financial risk assessment methods and principles for utilisation in a ship dismantling context.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• A definition of financial risk in the context of the ship dismantling industry and the different stakeholders involved within it

• Introduction of financial risk management principles which are important within the industry

• Review of a few selected financial risk assessment method for use in a ship dismantling context.


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Research Institutes

3.3. Work Package 4 - Value-based analysis

The objective of WP 4 was to produce a value based model that details the costs and revenues of ship dismantling for a range of dismantling methods in a number of recycling countries


D4.1 Ship Dismantling Scenarios – Workshop

This deliverable provides a description of two technical workshops run by the DIVEST consortium were the objective of the workshops was to define the ship dismantling scenarios that are to be modelled in WP 4

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Key decision made by the DIVEST consortium and workshop attendees which would guide the development of WP4 outputs


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)



D4.2 Value Based Analysis (Economic) Model of Ship Dismantling

This deliverable presents an economic value model developed for the DIVEST project for the purpose of assessing the economic value of different ship dismantling methods and practices

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief description of the created DIVEST Value Model

• 1st version of the DIVEST Value Model developed in the Matlab and SIMULINK modelling software

• Final version of the DIVEST Value Model developed in MS Excel software


Exploitation Potential Level: HIGH

From this deliverable the following tools have been identified for exploitation:

DIVEST Value Model- Detailed value assessment tool which will forecast costs and revenue for a ship recycling business using critical value drivers for up to 25 years.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D4.3 Ship Full Life Cycle Map

This deliverable presents the full life cycle model of a ship with includes the requirements, decisions, processes and activities that occur throughout a vessels full life cycle with a focus on the implications and requirements for the end of life disposal.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief description of the created full life cycle map and instructions on how to operate the model
• Description of the main aspects of the ship’s lifecycle that are included within the model:
o Management of the vessel
o Design, develop, build, operate, maintain, enhance and decommission
o Design & commission disposability management systems
o Operate disposability system
o Dismantle vessel

• Full life cycle model developed in the ARIS software environment and converted to HTML format for model viewing and navigation.


Exploitation Potential Level: MEDIUM

The created full life cycle model has the potential to be useful in future research, especially where it concerns developing new and exciting vessels with design for recycling qualities.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D4.4 Detailed Process Models and Value Maps for Ship Dismantling

This deliverable presents the created Process model and Value map.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief description of the created full Process model and Value map instructions on how to operate the model

• Process model developed in the ARIS software environment and converted to HTML format for model viewing and navigation

• Developed Value Map in graphical representation

Exploitation Potential Level: HIGH

From this deliverable the following tools have been identified for exploitation:

DIVEST Process Model – detailed generic business model hierarchy for analysing and identifying managerial and physical activities within the ship dismantling field

DIVEST Value Map – Value mapping is a technique used to identify the primary drivers behind business value generation. This tool identifies the primary drivers as developed by the DIVEST project and their mechanisms for delivering this value in the ship dismantling sector.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D4.5 Value Model Development

This deliverable presents a detailed discussion on the development of the created value model and associated models and maps.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of the whole work package 4 documenting overall approach and methodology in developing models.

• Investigation into the scope and application of the crested models

• Detailed description and methodology of the Process model

• Detailed description and methodology of Value map and descriptions of value drivers

• Detailed description and methodology of the DIVEST Value model and the research and theory involved in its creation and a breakdown of the key equations used in the value calculations.

• Documentation of a case theoretical case study

Exploitation Potential Level: MEDIUM

This deliverable will be important to those who want to develop/improve the value model and associate models.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Research Institutes


3.4. Work Package 5 - Analysis of Health, Safety, Environment, and Quality (HSEQ) issues associated with ship dismantling and proposal of continual improvement

The objective of WP 5 is to develop a framework for the management of HSEQ for ship dismantling / ship repair activities.
D5.1 Report on Identified HSEQ Problems

This deliverable presents the occupational hazards, occupational diseases, and general health issues as well as safety and environmental related issues relates to ship recycling and ship repair activity which are of prime importance.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Identification of health and safety issues related to workers’ health within a ship dismantling facility
o Common Hazardous materials and typical locations onboard a ship
o Personal Exposure limits for hazardous materials found in ship dismantling
o Common occupational diseases related to hazardous materials

• Documentation of the general environmental issues and their symmetrically observed potential long term effects on marine ecology and life
o Observed effects of hazardous material involved within ship dismantling on the environment

• Identification of HSEQ aspects within the India ship dismantling region of Alang
o Review of workers welfare and safety
o Statistics on fatal accidents and major injuries

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D5.2 Report on HSEQ Management Strategies for Ship Dismantling

This deliverable contains a review of HSEQ management strategies applicable to ship dismantling facilities worldwide.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Review of ship dismantling facilities in Europe (including Turkey) for good examples of HSEQ management strategies

• Consideration of current and future guidelines and the impact on the HSEQ management strategies of ship dismantling facilities
o Requirements of the ship recycling plan proposed by the IMO’s Hong Kong convention
o Requirements for management systems
o Information from standards and future legislation regarding management systems

• Development and explanation of created simplified typical ship recycling plan applicable to ship dismantling facilities in the Indian subcontinent
o Outcomes of stakeholder workshops held in Alang with ship dismantling workers and management
o Detailed breakdown of typical ship recycling plan explaining the various stages

• Proposed strategies for improvement of HSEQ performance and recommended field studies to be carried out within the DIVEST project in order to achieve quantification of impacts

Exploitation Potential Level: MEDIUM

From this deliverable the following tool have been identified for exploitation:

Typical Ship Recycling Plan – Simple overview of ship dismantling activities applicable for ship dismantling facilities operating in the Indian subcontinent

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Research Institutes


D5.3 Report on Field Work and Analyses

This deliverable is made up of two separate reports:

• DIVEST-D-5-3-20101231-IITB-DEU-Report-on-Field-Work-&-Analyses-Rev-SUBMITTED

• DIVEST-D-5-3-Addendum1-20120120-UGS-OverviewFieldWork-Rev-FINAL

D5.3 Report on Field Work & Analyses

This deliverable presents environmental field work sampling sediment and soils in ship dismantling locations

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Description, methodology and results of a series of field sampling trips on a former ship dismantling location in Sewri near Mumbia, India
o Detailed description of the ecosystem of the Sewri mudflats
o Methodology of field work including equipment used, sampling strategy, analysis methods and standards followed
o Detailed results from the analysis of the quantification of heavy metals in the sediment, algae, crab and bird feathers and faces samples
o Calculation of the metal pollution index to analyse the overall heavy metal load on the Sewri ecosystem
o Calculation of the bio-concentration factor in order to highlight cases where bioaccumulation of heavy metals has occurred

• Description, methodology and results from field work and analyses in Turkey
o Introduction of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
o Background of sampling location; Aliaga Bay Turkey
o Methodology of field work including equipment used, sampling strategy, analysis methods and standards followed
o Detailed results from the analysis of the quantification of heavy metals, pH presence of PAH’s, Oil and Grease, PCB’s and Hydrocarbons in the sediment samples collected

• Discussion of short term and long term implications of environmental pollution form ship dismantling related activities

D5.3 Addendum 1 Overview of Field Work

This addendum to deliverable D5.3 documents the many data gathering and field work activities that have arisen throughout the DIVEST project

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• A technical report summarising the findings and conclusions from a pilot study utilising innovative PIMEX-method for the identification of hazardous working practices in ship dismantling context

• A technical report reporting on an extensive field study observing an active ship dismantling zone
o Step by step ship dismantling procedures
o Extensive process details and analysis such as consumables, costs, manpower used etc.

• A technical report describing field work and data collection activities of a dry dock dismantling location

• A technical report presenting the findings of the calculation and assessment of exposure by inhalation to chemical agents by workers during metal cutting for comparison with exposure limit values in confined spaces
o Background information relating to flame cutting and the different parameters involved
o Description of the experimental approaches used in the collection of the of total dust, respirable dust and metals in dust, analysis methods employed and the method used in calculating exposure limits
o Documentation of exposure levels of heavy metal elements found in the analysis of dust samples in relation to legal exposure limits
o Discussion regarding the possible effects the levels of exposure could have on a worker

• A technical report describing field work and data collection activities within a European ship dismantling yard
o Emission and process data from cutting operations on the vessel
o Hazardous material sampling
o Noise emission measurements
o Innovative ‘active hearing’ protection trail
o General ship dismantling observations

• A technical report presenting the findings of an assessment of exposure by inhalation to chemical agents during metal cutting for comparison with exposure limit values at a ship recycling yard, in Europe (semi-confined and open locations)
o Background information relating to flame cutting and the different parameters involved
o Description of the experimental approaches used in the collection of the of total dust, respirable dust and metals in dust, analysis methods employed and the method used in calculating exposure limits
o Documentation of exposure levels of heavy metal elements found in the analysis of dust samples in relation to legal exposure limits
o Discussion regarding the possible effects the levels of exposure could have on a worker

Exploitation Potential Level: MEDIUM

From the deliverable identified above there is not a created tool or product specifically for exploitation or commercialisation. However the information gathered through the many data gathering activities and experiments carried out during the DIVEST project there is a plethora of extremely important and insightful findings which needs to be brought to the attention of ALL stakeholders involved within ship dismantling

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D5.4 Report on Extra Legal Initiatives

This deliverable gives an overview of extra-legal initiatives that has been taken by the regulatory authorities and ship dismantlers to improve the safety, health and environmental aspects.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of initiatives taken by the Indian government and the ship dismantlers in Alang ship dismantling location

• Description of experimental application of ‘clean’ technologies
o Line scraping paint from steel prior to cutting
o Collection, solidification, stabilisation and disposal or reuse paint flakes
o Solidification, stabilisation and disposal asbestos and glass wool

• Description of time motion studies in which measurements of the consumption of resources in the steel plate cutting operation were carried out
o Overview of the methodology of the experiment
o Documentation of Results
o Introduction and explanation of emission and cutting factors derived from the experiments

Exploitation Potential Level: MEDIUM

From this deliverable the following tool have been identified for exploitation:

Emission Factors in Plate Cutting Operation – Emission factors have been developed after studying deeply the process of plate cutting in ship recycling yard using oxy-LPG torch. The emission factors developed by this study can be directly used for the calculation of energy requirement in ship recycling process.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Research Institutes


D5.5 Report on Recommendations for HSEQ Improvement Strategy/Processes

This deliverable presents a common framework for determining and implementing policy, complying with all regulatory requirements, setting up goals and objectives, measuring and reporting key performance indicators and providing feedback mechanisms to continually improve performances.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of recommendations for HSEQ process improvement
o Line scraping of paint for lowering exposure
o Collection, solidification, stabilization and disposal or reuse paint flakes and chips for the minimization of emissions of heavy metals to inter-tidal zone
o Solidification, stabilization and disposal asbestos and glass wool for minimizing the emissions to primary and secondary zone
o Complete recycling of steel and objects for minimizing carbon footprint
o Quantification of Heavy Metal Concentrations in sediments and Biota
o Occupational Risk Assessment of work activities in ship repairing and recycling industry
o Environmental Risk Assessment of work activities in ship repairing and recycling industry
o Fuel consumption and time – motion study for plate cutting operation
o Computing environmental footprint for ship repairing and ship recycling
o Developing Environment Management Plan (EMP) for Ship Recycling industry
o Sustainable treatment and reuse of sewage generated by the workers’ colony (for individual yard or combined facility for group of yards operated in a co-operative manner)
o Common Hazardous Wastes Treatment Storage and Disposal Facility (CH-TSDF) for wastes generated from Ship Repairing and Recycling Industries
o Common Incinerator Facility for disposal of wastes from Ship Repairing and Recycling Industries
o Combined Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) for wastewater generated at ship repairing and ship recycling yards
o Training of Personnel to Enhance Health Safety and Environment Quality (Capacity Building)

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes

3.5. Work Package 6 - Development of Integrated Risk-Value Based Framework

The objective of WP6 was to develop an Integrated Framework for risk and value assessment models and develop a multiple-attributive group decision making tool to assist users during evaluation of needs for ship dismantling operations.

D6.1 High Level Description of Risk-Value Framework and Decision Support Tool

In this deliverable the identified stakeholders had their decision making behaviour analysed through various sources in order to identify and formulate a set of specific stakeholder needs. Then a high-level risk-value framework was developed to demonstrate the integration from the risk and value assessment tools created in Work Package 3 (WP3) and Work Package 4 (WP4) to become the foundation of the decision support framework.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• An overview of the involved stakeholders within ship dismantling, their current needs for decision support and how the envisaged decision support framework could be possible utilised by them

• A high level modelling description of how the stakeholders and the risk-value framework would interact

• A detailed user requirements document for utilising in the development of the final DIVEST Decision Support Tool (DST)

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Research Institutes


D6.2 Risk-Value Framework Information model

This deliverable provides background design aspects for the development of the DIVEST DST

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief overview of Unified Modeling language (UML) utilised in development of the DIVEST DST.

• Diagrams and explanations for DIVEST DST programming logic, system design and user interaction

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Research Institutes


D6.3 Risk-Value Framework: Modelling Decision Making Process in Ship Dismantling

This deliverable presents a critique of current ship dismantling decision making through comparing it to generic business decision making within a typical organisation in order to generate a set of stakeholder decision making process recommendations which will be utilised in the development of DIVEST’s Risk & Value based Decision Support Tool.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of generic decision making in Business

• A detailed critique of current ship dismantling decision making

• Recommendations for the DIVEST DST to incorporate

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D6.4 Hierarchical Process Assessment Criteria for Ship Dismantling

This deliverable presents the key evaluation and assessment criteria’s identified in a hierarchical manner in order to be utilised in the development of DIVEST’s Risk & Value based Decision Support Tool (DST).

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief overview of the development of the DIVEST DST

• Description and analysis of the results of a questionnaire commissioned by the DIVEST consortium to investigate decision making and which factors stakeholders think are the most important.
o Identification of the specific attributes to be considered when making a ship dismantling decision
o Obtaining weightings of the attributes in terms of the importance to the decision maker when making those decisions
o Identification of which areas of expertise should be involved in helping the decision maker in making his decision
o Obtaining how much importance is given by the decision maker to the expertise given

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


3.6. Work Package 7 - Validation and Case Studies of Integrated Risk and Economic Framework

The objective of WP 7 was to validate the Integrated Risk and Economic Framework and Decision Making Tool.

D7.1 Validation of Integrated Risk-Value Framework

This deliverable gives information relating to the validation methodology used in the validation of the tools within the Risk-Value framework and the DIVEST DST.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of validation workshops

• Brief introduction of the specific tools to be validated

• Overview of validation techniques and definitions

• Description of validation methodology developed by the DIVEST consortium
o Identification of aspects to be validated
o Description of case studies to be utilised in validation
o Definition of case study parameters
o Identification of data requirements for case studies
o Risk analysis and mitigation of validation activities

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Research Institutes


D7.2 Validation Report

This deliverable provides a comprehensive description of the validation activities carried out by the DIVEST consortium.

This deliverable is made up of two separate reports:

• DIVEST-D-7-2-1-BAE-compiled-ValidationReport-SUBMITTED

• DIVEST-D-7-2-2-BAEcompiled-UpdatedValidationReport-SUBMITTED

D7.2.1 Validation Report

This deliverable documents the initial validation activities of DIVEST tools

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• An overview of the validation methodology

• Initial validation summaries
o 3-Step Health and Safety Method
o 3-Step Environmental Impact Method
o Risk Index Method for Health and Safety
o Risk Index Method for the Environment
o Economic Value Model
o DIVEST Decision Support Tool

• A detailed technical report for the validation of the 3-Step Health and Safety Method
o Detailed description of validation case 1: metal cutting in Swedish ship repair yard
o Detailed description of validation case 2: confined spaces in Swedish ship repair yard
o Detailed description of validation case 3: risk assessment exercise in ship dismantling yards in India
o Detailed description of validation case 4: risk assessment for segregation, grading, cutting and loading for transportation, ship recycling yards in India
o Additional validation report from India documenting regression relationships of results from conducted 3-Step Health and Safety assessments

• Additional information regarding the validation of the Risk Index Method for Health and Safety and the Environment

• A detailed technical report for the validation of the Economic Value Model
o Brief overview of the Economic Value Model
o Description of the validation method and process
o Internal validation results
o External validation results
o Recommendations for improvement

• A detailed technical report for the validation of the DIVEST Decision Support Tool
o Brief overview of the DIVEST Decision Support Tool
o Description of the validation method and process
o Internal validation results
o External validation results
o Recommendations for improvement

D7.2.2 Updated Validation Report

This deliverable documents the revalidation activities of any improvements made to the DIVEST tools in relation to the improvements suggested in D7.2.1

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• An overview of the validation methodology

• Revalidation of DIVEST tools
o 3-Step Health and Safety Method
o 3-Step Environmental Impact Method
o Risk Index Method for Health and Safety
o Risk Index Method for the Environment
o Economic Value Model
o DIVEST Decision Support Tool


Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Research Institutes


D7.3 Integrated Decision Support Tool-Final Version

This deliverable presents the final and complete DIVEST Decision Support Tool.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• An introduction and references for information relating to the development of the DIVEST Decision Support Tool
• A comprehensive Decision Support Tool User guide
o Reasons why users should use the DIVEST DST
o Potential benefits of stakeholders using DIVEST DST
o Step by step screenshot guide on how to use the DIVEST DST

• Final and complete DIVEST DST program in executable file format

Exploitation Potential Level: HIGH

From this deliverable the following tool has been identified for exploitation:

DIVEST Decision Support Tool- A support tool that utilises industry proven fuzzy multiple attributive group decision making methodology to give guidance and promote the economic benefits of positive HSE actions to various stakeholders within the ship recycling industry. Within this decision support tool the integrated Risk-Value framework is laid out which predominantly combines the created DIVEST risk assessment and value modelling tools.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


3.7. Work Package 8 - Development of Knowledge Exchange Platform

The objective of WP8 was to develop a web-based Knowledge Base that is built on information produced during the DIVEST’s projects lifecycle

D8.1 KEP functional and technical specifications

This deliverable defines the technical and functional specifications of the Knowledge Exchange Platform developed within the framework of the DIVEST project.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Definition and description of overall functions and modelling approach of KEP’s

• Functional specifications for the DIVEST KEP

• Technical specifications for the DIVEST KEP

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)


D8.2 Product Concept Catalogue

This deliverable presents a thorough analysis of user requirements and development of both functional and technical specifications of the foreseen Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP)

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of information to include on the DIVEST KEP

• Detailed description of system description for KEP

• Introduction of business cases users may utilise the DIVEST KEP for

• Definition of general conditions for use of the DIVEST KEP
o Access rights
o Quantity structure
o Organisational framework

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)


D8.3 First Release of KEP

This deliverable is the first preliminary release of the DIVEST Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP)

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• First release of the created KEP

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)


D8.4 The Fully Implemented and Populated KEP

This deliverable is the final release of the DIVEST Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP) and can be viewed at http://kep.divest-project.eu.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Final release of the created KEP

• KEP populated with useful information applicable for ship dismantling stakeholders


Exploitation Potential Level: HIGH

From this deliverable the following tool has been identified for exploitation:

DIVEST Knowledge Exchange Platform- An online resource which will be a platform for stakeholders within the industry to learn about the outcomes of the DIVEST project, access the created DIVEST tools and share information regarding best practices etc.

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D8.5 KEP Documentation

This deliverable presents a user and reference manual for developed Knowledge Exchange Platform.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief description of system architecture and requirements of the KEP

• Detailed user instructions

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Ship Owners & Cash Buyers
Regulatory Bodies
Control and Monitoring Bodies
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


3.8. Work Package 9 - Development & Delivery of Dissemination, Communication & Training Strategies

The objective of WP 9 was to ensure that all the data, knowledge, tools and techniques generated within the DIVEST Project were made available to and were fully transferred to all target audiences.

D9.1 Training Plan

This deliverable presents a plan for developing training within the scope of the DIVEST project

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• An overview of the training strategy developed for the DIVEST project

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)


D9.2 High Level Educational Training Development for the Ship Recycling Industry

This deliverable presents Module 1 of training initiatives delivered by members of the DIVEST consortium at the Safety Training and Labour Welfare Institute in Alang, India

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief Overview of training initiative carried out by members of the DIVEST consortium in Alang, India

• Feedback from participants of training modules

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D9.3 Decision Maker/Workforce Training Co-development for The Ship Recycling Industry

This deliverable presents Module 2 of training initiatives delivered by members of the DIVEST consortium at the Safety Training and Labour Welfare Institute in Alang, India

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Brief Overview of training initiative carried out by members of the DIVEST consortium in Alang, India

• Feedback from participants of training modules

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes


D9.4 Final Report on the Work Carried out in WP9

This deliverable summarises the dissemination and training activities of the DIVEST project.

Outputs of this deliverable include:

• Overview of dissemination activities
o Dissemination planning
o Newsletters
o Conferences and events
o On-line
o Video and TV

• Overview of training activities
o Training methods and styles
o Training content and delivery

• Overview of training workshop with detailed feedback

• Overview of stakeholder workshop with detailed feedback and analysis

Exploitation Potential Level: LOW

Stakeholder Applicability: European Commission (EC)
Ship Dismantling Industry
Non-Governmental Organisations
Associations
Research Institutes



Potential Impact:
4. Potential impact and the main dissemination activities and exploitation of results.


4.1. Impact on European Research, collaboration between research entities and Economic activity.

DIVEST was a research project funded by the EC and it has fulfilled is first goal which was to make several research bodies to work together in association with private companies on a defined project. 61 researchers have been involved in the project from four universities and four research bodies. Strong ties between public and private bodies have been developed since the three other members were private-owned and profitable companies and the entities involved in the project were from eight countries.

Two partners were not from the European Union – i.e. from Turkey and India – which has helped besides the works performed within the consortium to actually disseminate abroad regarding EC commitment in research activities and its concern regarding green recycling.

By taking part in the DIVEST project funded by the European Union’s the Seventh Framework ProgrammeFP7 funding call the Research bodies have benefited in the following ways:

? Building Expertise – Most of the research bodies were already committed in the ship recycling activities. For instance, University of Strathclyde had been researching within the field of ship dismantling for 3 years prior to the DIVEST project commencing. By taking part in the DIVEST project the University was provided with the opportunity to continue research in the subject and reinforce the position of being a centre of knowledge for ship dismantling related issues. Through the DIVEST project the opportunity for young researchers to read for a PhD in the subject of ship dismantling has also been possible.
By generating knowledge and expertise, UGS and other Universities such as DEU in Turkey and IITB in India have been able to contribute in a positive and constructive way to an industry which currently is lacking from a full scientific understanding of potential impacts to health, safety and the environment.

? International Partnerships – Through the project life cycle members of the Research bodies have set up links, external to that already achieved through relationships with DIVEST consortium members, with stakeholders worldwide. Highlights include:

o Assisting a Professor from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology involved in the ship dismantling industry in Bangladesh
o Setting up links with the ship dismantling communities of Turkey, UK and Spain
o University members observing and assisting delegates for Turkey and the UK at the IMO’s Hong Kong ship recycling working group
o Being invited to assist in a large scale ship dismantling investment by a Global defence cooperation
o University members initiating a project link up with another EU funded ship dismantling project; the Life+ Recyship project.

? Personal Experiences – Within the project there are many personal experiences that contributed to the continued professional development of all the members of the University of Strathclyde and other research bodies involved within the DIVEST project. Highlights include:

o Working with professionals from different countries and learning about sensitivities and different cultural outlooks and approaches to working as a team in an international research project
o Being exposed to and learning from professionals at the top of their field
o Recovering as a project from unexpected circumstances such as project and technical coordinator leaving, partners quitting/disappearing etc.
o Working with an industry which is very secretive and suspicious of what they see as outside interference

During the project, private-owned companies such as Germanischer Lloyd have benefited from the output of DIVEST in their regular activity. GL has been active since the beginning of the IMO work on ship recycling (Resolution A.962(23). The membership within the project DIVEST was therefore of big interest to contribute in the project DIVEST. Beside the activities within WP 9 Germanischer Lloyd has informed about DIVEST and related Ship Recycling Activities in connection with the following:

o Germanischer Lloyd is adviser to the German Ministry of Transport in the Working Group of IMO (MEPC) and has actively contributed in the work until the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ship, 2009 (HKC) and the related guidelines are adopted. This work is still going on.
o Germanischer Lloyd has established the first course for HazMat Experts who are preparing the Inventory of Hazardous Materials according to the Guideline MEPC 197 (62) related to the HKC. Up to now more than 130 persons passed the course with an exam.
o Germanischer Lloyd has actively contributed in an Project together with the biggest Cash Buyer towards “Green Ship Recycling”. Some Case studies have been carried out in India. It was the goal identify the gaps of actual practises against IMO guidelines.
o Germanischer Lloyd is issueing “Statement of Compliances” for the Inventories of Hazardous Materials of existing ships. By this activity lot of experience is gained how to identify different hazardous materials (e.g. asbestos, PCB, TBT paints and others more) onboard of different types of ships.
o Several Ship Recycling Facilities have been visited in the world. Some of this visits were carried out within gap analysis.
o Germanischer Lloyd contributed in most of the Ship Recycling Conferences and Forums carried out in different locations (e.g. London, Shanghai, Singapor, Dubai)
o Germanischer Lloyd is actively informing the stakeholders about the upcoming legislation and how to cope with it.
o Germanischer Lloyd has developed software for HazMat experts, shipowners, shipyards and suppliers to have more transparency within the process of ship recycling (database for Sampling Check Plan// Material declaration/ Inventory of Hazardous Materials)
o Germanischer Lloyd offers consultancy services for all stakeholders in the field of ship recycling.



At last it has to be pointed out even if it was not an objective of the project, that between 2008 and 2011 and in a context of economic crisis, a project like DIVEST has generated activity that has been appreciated and very helpful for the SME and research bodies involved.


4.2. Impact on best practices during the RTD phase of the project

Through the several training workshops carried out in India by IITB with the supports of the others partners and in a lesser extent Turkey during the project, DIVEST expects to have a first impact on local HSEQ best practices and will help to implement new processes. The trainings that took place in India should generate positive side effects through increased safety awareness while the tools developed on purpose by TNO and TWI (training plan, training forms…) are generic enough and only partly aimed at ship dismantling training and can then serve in the future as the basis for evaluations of other training. The trainings have ensured a high level of dissemination and a socio-economic impact of the project.

Besides formal trainings, the Research Team of IIT Bombay started with identifying the issues with ship recycling in India and carried out several field visits. India-specific information on the present status of Health Safety Environmental Quality (HSEQ) issues related to ship recycling and ship repair activity have been identified by visiting the responsible government authorities, training institute as well as several ship recycling yards in Alang. With an overview of issues the world over, pertaining to the ship recycling industry, studies revealed that in the recent past massive changes have occurred. The overall trend of the industry is towards following more and more HSEQ norms and has commitments with them. Already here in India, dramatic changes towards the positive can be seen. Alang recorded a zero fatality year in 2008 and efforts are underway to maintain this track record. DIVEST has been carried out at the same time and has accompanied this trend. It has contributed to increase the awareness of pollution and safety issues since risk analysis, typical ship-recycling plan and other products developed by the consortium have been introduced during the workshops organized in 2008-11 thanks to DIVEST.

DIVEST had very practical output. Carried our during extensive field works, the collection of data in connection with plate-cutting – in absence of realistic and practical data published in literature or scientific – plays a pioneering role in parametrizating emissions from shipdismantling and repairing activities. It will help to minimize health and safety risks to workers exposed during those operations, help to develop appropriate technological solutions and to improve HSEQ strategies in those facilities.

The field measurements campaign carried out in India and Turky showed a certain level of concentration of metals – including heavy metals – in current or former ship recycling facilities demonstrating the need of cleaner technologies and of a preventive approach.


4.3. Expected impact post RTD phase. dissemination and exploitation activities achieved and expected

Several consortium members are involved in new RTD projects for which the input from DIVEST will be appreciated and will be of course disseminated. The tools and products developed by the consortium will then be exploited and improved in new RTD projects. DIVEST has benefited from the work achieved in the framework the FP6 project SHIPDISMANTL and it is expected that further projects based on research collaboration will use the products developed within DIVEST. Those projects could be both national or European.

Through UGS’ involvement with the DIVEST project further opportunities of research collaboration with both former partners from the DIVEST consortium and new partnerships has been achieved:

? Ship DIGEST Project Leonardo Da Vinci, Transfer of Innovation project (Project funding granted): This project’s main aim is to transfer innovative knowledge and content from outputs from EU projects such as DIVEST and Recyship into vocational education and training for ship dismantling workers in Turkey and Spain.
? Recyship Navy Life+ (Pending authorisation): This project’s main aim investigates three ship dismantling scenarios in a European navy dismantling context in a highly practical manner.
? Boat DIGEST Project Leonardo Da Vinci, Transfer of Innovation project (Application Stage): This project’s main aim will be to transfer innovative knowledge and content from outputs from EU projects such as DIVEST, Boatcycle and Recyship into vocational education and training for boat dismantling in southern European countries.


The Three Step Method for both Health and Safety and for Environment that has been developed and adapted to ship recycling issues will now be used within the Programme: Lifelong Learning Programme, Sub-Programme: Leonardo, Action Leonardo Da Vinci Transfer of Innovation with the project Ship Dismantling Insight by Generating Environmental and Safety Training. It is a 24 months project with focus to help Turkish and Spanish Ship Recycling Industry. The project started in October 2011.

Furthermore, IVF is working in a national Swedish project named ‘Sustainable recycling of flat panel displays’ (HÅPLA). In this project, a risk assessment methodology has been developed by IVF and used based on the DIVEST Three Step Method for Health and Safety, though adapted to recycling of flat panel displays.

The recommendations provided by the IIT Bombay for the overall improvement of HSEQ can be used for the development of any ship recycling industry in the World irrespective of type of layout.

During the project, dissemination of the products, tools, methodologies and concepts developed by the consortium have been carried out either thanks to the commitment of the dissemination manager and of other members of the project who took part to several first class international conferences or more locally through the organization of workshops.

IITB has conducted several dissemination activities in Ship Recycling facilities through out the project duration for DIVEST both at the national and international level. Thanks to the support of DEU, it has been possible to organize technical Workshops in Turkey too. At last the quarterly meetings carried out by the consortium have been the opportunity to welcome prestigious guests from international organization such as IMO or from more business focuses bodies such as ship recycling facilities from Turkey.

In the future 64% of the partners will remain committed in the research and/or the business of ship-recycling which will provide tribunes to introduce the final products developed. The consortium exploitation agreements will enable an easy and flexible access to the products since all the owners or co-owners should be clearly identified.

In terms of exploitation of the outputs generated within the DIVEST project the University of Strathclyde has formulated an exploitation strategy for the future which is in line with its overall vision of remaining a centre of knowledge for ship dismantling related issues.

Utilisation of DIVEST research in future Research and Development (R&D) opportunities: As seen above in the Research Collaboration section, the University of Strathclyde is already actively exploiting the results generated within the DIVEST project with more collaborative R&D projects. The University of Strathclyde will continue to seek funding opportunities from various sources to continue ship dismantling related research.

Exploitation of the DIVEST Decision Support Tool (DST): The University of Strathclyde recognise the exploitation potential of the DST for the ship dismantling industry. While it may be deemed too complicated for direct use by ship dismantling yards, the University envisages the DST to be used by stakeholders with the assistance and guidance of the University. This assistance will be delivered in a consultancy capacity with a minimal fee to cover costs incurred and a small royalty fee to cover the cost of the tools maintenance and further development. The University plans to refine and update the DST to further ensure its applicability and usefulness to the industry. A large global defence company has already made an inquiry regarding utilising the DST with the assistance of the University of Strathclyde.

Exploitation of the Scientific Outputs: From the many data gathering and experimental activities carried out during the DIVEST project there is many important scientific findings which need to be disseminated to the ship dismantling stakeholders in order to highlight very serious areas of concerns relating to the impacts on health, safety and the environment. The University of Strathclyde plans to exploit and disseminate this information through publishing in scientific journals, drawing the EU’s and IMO’s attention to the findings and incorporating the lessons learned in future research activities. Further scientific data gathering data gathering and experimental activities are planned to further back up the key hypothesis from DIVEST research and also to contribute to providing a quantitative overview of the problems within the ship dismantling industry which are currently lacking.

New Research Concepts: From the outputs and the scientific and technical lessons learned from the DIVEST project the University of Strathclyde is proposing new research topics primarily in the field of Design for Ship Recycling. Currently when a ship is designed and built the life cycle analysis on the impact that ship is going to make neglects the dismantling and recycling phase. The University of Strathclyde feels that with current trends showing ship dismantling taking place in areas where the appropriate standards of protection for health, safety and the environment cannot be guaranteed, more has to be done at the design and build stage as seen in the automobile industry. The University of Strathclyde plans to exploit the outputs generated during the DIVEST project to propose a methodology for a Design for Ship Recycling.

The industrial partners such as BAE, V.Navy and Germanischer Lloyd that were committed in DIVEST will directly benefit from DIVEST input and include the products developed in their strategy that cannot be accurately disclosed in this report. They are expected to primarily disseminate the results of the DIVEST project within their group in accordance with the access rights granted within the GA and CA. The purpose of this will be to ensure that lessons can be passed on from the DIVEST project to the ship building industry or ship-management companies and subsequently used when designing, constructing and managing new, greener vessels. This will have a positive impact on the socio-economic environment of the shipping sector particularly within the UK where the majority of ship building work of the members takes place.

It is hoped that dissemination of the results of the DIVEST project will raise awareness of the safety and environmental considerations within those groups. During its entire duration, DIVEST has been introduced to other operating companies of the groups through internal communication policy and the products developed will be available to stakeholders.

At last, the website that will be maintained will still generate demands from third parties which depending on their needs might be redirected to the most appropriate partner.

As a conclusion, we can consider that DIVEST has achieved its direct and indirect goals which were :

1. to develop the research within EC and in cooperation with non-EC countries.
2. to develop ties between private companies and research bodies.
3. to develop tools and products in order to improve safety and environmental conditions in the ship recycling industry.
4. that have already been introduced and will be used in the day-to-day business and in new RTD project.
5. to disseminate actively regarding the EC commitment and the methodologies, the tools and the products developed.



List of Websites:
5. Address of the project public website and relevant contact details.


Website : http://www.divest-project.eu

Contact details :

1. University of Strathclyde UGS
(Coordinator of post RTD phase)

Prof. Osman TURAN
o.turan@na-me.ac.uk


2. BAE Systems Surface Ships Limited BAE

Donald MACKINTOSH
Donald.Mackintosh@baesystems.com


3. Dokuz Eylül University DEU

Prof. Gokedeniz NESER
gokdeniz.neser@deu.edu.tr


4. Germanischer Lloyd SE GL

Jens ROGGE
jens.rogge@gl-group.com


5. Indian Institute of Technology of Bombay IITB

Prof. Shyam ASOLEKAR
Asolekar@iitb.ac.in


6. Swerea IVF AB IVF

Mrs Karin GARMER
Karin.garmer@swerea.se


7. MediMetal SA MM

George KINIGALAKIS
george.kinigalakis@telia.com


8. TNO Human Factors TNO

Hilbert KUIPER
Hilbert.Kuiper@tno.nl


9. TWI Ltd TWI

David CALDER
David.calder@twi.co.uk


10. Applied Mechanics Laboratory, University of Patras UOP

Prof Vassilis KOSTOPOULOS
kostopoulos@mech.upatras.gr


11. V.Navy VNY
Arnoult GAUTHIER
arnoult.gauthier@vships.com