The arenavirus Lassa fever virus (LFV) causes a severe viral hemorrhagic fever in humans with over 300, 000 infections and thousands of deaths annually. Fatal LFV infection is characterized by marked immunosuppression of the patient, resulting in uncontrolled viral infection with progressive hemorrhagic disease and shock. Since death occurs in absence of a significant anti-viral immune response, the fatal disease is caused by virus-induced changes in host cell function, rather than immunopathology. The analysis of the virus-host cell interaction is therefore of great importance to understand this disease and to develop novel therapeutic strategies. Binding of a virus to its cellular receptor(s) is not only the first step of virus infection but represents also a promising target for therapeutic intervention. The cellular receptor of LFV is alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG), an important cell surface receptor for proteins of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Based on the pivotal importance of alpha-DG for normal host cell biology, the interaction of LFV with its receptor is of particular interest regarding virus-cell interaction and viral pathogenesis. Using a combination of biochemical and cell biological techniques we will investigate the role of the virus-receptor interaction for infection and viral pathogenesis. Since alpha-DG is involved in cellular signal transduction, we will investigate the impact of virus binding on receptor-mediated signaling in the host cell. In a next step, we will address the role of virus-induced receptor signaling for virus infection and its consequences for the host cell. Our recent studies showed that expression of the envelope glycoprotein (GP) of LFV in cells results in down-regulation of functional alpha-DG. In the present project, we will investigate the impact of this “virus-receptor interference” on the function of vascular endothelial cells, which play a key role in the pathogenesis of Lassa hemorrhagic fever.
Field of science
- /medical and health sciences/health sciences/public and environmental health/epidemics prevention/immunisation
- /natural sciences/biological sciences/microbiology/virology
- /natural sciences/biological sciences/cell biology
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