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Individual differences in Collective Animal Behaviour

Objective

One of the key challenges in scientific research is to link together our understanding of different levels of biological organisation. This challenge is fundamental to the scientific endeavour: from understand how genes interact to drive the cell, to how cells interact to form organisms, up to how organisms interact to form groups and societies. My own and the research of others has addressed this question in the context of the collective behaviour of animals. Mathematical models of complex systems have been used to successfully predict experimental outcome. Most previous studies are however limited in one important aspect: individuals are treated as identical units. The aim of the proposed research proposed is to investigate features which produce differences within the units. The model systems of our study will be sticklebacks, homing pigeons and house sparrows. Individuals can differ from each other on a range of time scales, from information acquired within the last few minutes, through socially learnt information, to genetically inherited differences. Through a series of experiments on each of the study species, the development of mathematical models which incorporate between individual differences, and novel forms of data analysis, we will begin to understand the role played by individual differences within groups. We will look at the rules of motion for fish and birds; the role of personality in decision-making and how short term information differences improve decision-making accuracy. Achieving the project objectives will greatly enhance our understanding of the relationship between individual animals and the groups they live in, as well as impacting on our understanding of individual differences in other areas of biology.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/mathematics/applied mathematics/mathematical model
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/data science/data analysis

Call for proposal

ERC-2009-StG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-SG - ERC Starting Grant

Host institution

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET
Address
Von Kraemers Alle 4
751 05 Uppsala
Sweden
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 977 768
Principal investigator
David Sumpter (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Johan Tysk (Mr.)

Beneficiaries (1)

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 977 768
Address
Von Kraemers Alle 4
751 05 Uppsala
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Principal investigator
David Sumpter (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Johan Tysk (Mr.)