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Optimized pre-treatment of fast growing woody and nonwoody Brazilian crops by detailed characterization of chemical changes produced in the lignin-carbohydrate matrix

Objective

Biomass production costs are low in Brazil compared to other parts of the world, due to proper climate and advanced forest and agricultural technologies. The productivities of elephant grass (Pennisetum spp; 30-45 t/ha/yr bone dry) and eucalypt crops (20-30 t/ha/yr bone dry) in Brazil are amongst the world largest, with good perspectives of growing even further. Thus, Brazil presents great potential for application of the Biorefinery concept. It is our contend that production of biofuels and bio-products from lignocellulosics is better fit to existing pulp manufacturing facilities, to take advantage of existing infrastructure and the possibility of process integration. The objective of the LIGNODECO proposal is developing pre-treatments for optimized deconstruction of hybrid eucalyptus clones and elephant grass biomass into its components aimed at production of biofuel (bioethanol and biogas) along with specialty grade pulps and other bio-products, strongly emphasising feedstock selection and use of advanced analytical tools. This will be accomplished by collection/selection of feedstocks for deconstruction studies, optimized pre-treatments for woody and nonwoody materials, physical/chemical characterization of the pre-treated materials, and tie in between pre-treatment and industrial use of lignocellulosics. LIGNODECO incorporates innovations such as tailor-made modifications of existing technologies for paper-pulp industry, mild biotechnological pre-treatments based on biocatalysts, modern analytical techniques for characterizing lignin, hemicelluloses and cellulose, utilization of Brazilian fast-growing woody and nonwoody crops as feedstock for future biofuels, novel high value-added cellulosic pulps from eucalypt and grasses for specialty papers, integrated use of xylan and lignin-containing by-products and effluents in energy and biogas production, and production of hemicellulose-based additives for wood pulps, and lignin-based chemicals and power/steam.

Field of science

  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass
  • /engineering and technology/industrial biotechnology/biomaterials/biofuels
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture

Call for proposal

FP7-KBBE-2009-3
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP-SICA - Small/medium-scale focused research project for specific cooperation actions dedicated to international cooperation partner countries(SICA)
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Coordinator

Universidade Federal de Viçosa
Address
Av. P.h. Rolfs S/n
36570-000 Viçosa
Brazil
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 666 249
Administrative Contact
Jorge Luiz Colodette (Dr.)

Participants (5)

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 900 000
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Carlos Manuel Abad (Mr.)
TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT
Finland
EU contribution
€ 432 325
Address
Tekniikantie 4 A
02044 VTT Espoo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Seija Flinck (Ms.)
NOVOZYMES A/S
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 433 340
Address
Krogshoejvej 36
2880 Bagsvaerd
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Henrik Lund (Mr.)
Suzano Papel e Celulose S.A
Brazil
EU contribution
€ 403 405
Address
Av. Professor Magalhães Neto 1752 - 2º Andar, Salas 206-208
41810012 Salvador
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Augusto Milanez (Mr.)
CENTRE TECHNIQUE DE L INDUSTRIE DESPAPIERS CARTONS ET CELLULOSES
France
EU contribution
€ 152 900
Address
Domaine Universitaire
38610 Gieres
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Michel Petit-Conil (Dr.)