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Development of an Internal Reforming Alcohol High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell Stack

Objective

The main objective of the proposal is the development of an internal reforming alcohol high temperature PEM fuel cell. Accomplishment of the project objective will be made through: • Design and synthesis of robust polymer electrolyte membranes for HT-PEMFCs, which will be functional within the temperature range of 190-220oC. • Development of alcohol (methanol or ethanol) reforming catalysts for the production of CO-free hydrogen in the temperature range of HT PEMFCs, i.e. at 190-220oC. • Integration of reforming catalyst and high temperature MEA in a compact Internal Reforming Alcohol High Temperature PEMFC (IRAFC). Integration may be achieved via different configurations as related to the position of the reforming catalyst. The proposed compact system does away with conventional fuel processors and allows for efficient heat management, since the “waste” heat produced by the fuel cell is in-situ utilized to drive the endothermic reforming reaction. The targeted power density of the system is 0.15 W/cm2 at a cell voltage of 0.7 V. Thus, the concepts of a catalytic reformer and of a fuel cell are combined in a single, simplified direct alcohol (e.g. methanol) High Temperature PEM fuel cell reactor. The heart of the system is the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) comprising a high-temperature proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between the anodic (reforming catalyst + Pt/C) and cathodic Pt/C gas diffusion electrodes. According to the configuration and the operating conditions described above, the IRAFC is expected to be autothermal, highly efficient and with zero CO emissions. In addition, the direct consumption of H2 by the MEA (fuel cell) and the electrochemical promotion effect is expected to enhance the kinetics of reforming reactions, thus facilitating the efficient operation of the reforming catalyst at temperatures below 220°C.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/organic chemistry/alcohols

Call for proposal

FCH-JU-2008-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

JTI-CP-FCH - Joint Technology Initiatives - Collaborative Project (FCH)
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Coordinator

ADVANCED ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AE EREUNAS & ANAPTYXIS YLIKON & PROIONTONANANEOSIMON PIGON ENERGEIAS & SYNAFON SYMVOULEFTIKON Y PIRESION
Address
Stadiou 0 Municipality Of Patra
26504 Platani
Greece
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 283 806
Administrative Contact
Ioannis Kallitsis (Dr.)

Participants (5)

UNIWERSYTET MARII CURIE-SKLODOWSKIEJ
Poland
EU contribution
€ 180 409
Address
Pl Marii Curie Sklodowskiej 5
20 031 Lublin
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Andrzej Machocki (Prof.)
NEDSTACK FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 308 805
Address
Westervoortsedijk 73 Gebouw 533
6827 AV Arnhem
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Siu Fai Au (Dr.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 222 325
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Denis Fix (Mr.)
IDRYMA TECHNOLOGIAS KAI EREVNAS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 266 255
Address
N Plastira Str 100
70013 Irakleio
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Theophilos Ioannides (Dr.)
INSTITUT FUER MIKROTECHNIK MAINZ GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 162 547
Address
Carl-zeiss-str. 18-20
55129 Mainz
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Frank Hainel (Dr.)