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Secured Urban Transportation - European Demonstration

Periodic Report Summary 1 - SECUR-ED (Secured Urban Transportation - European Demonstration)

Project Context and Objectives:
As more and more Europeans are living today in urban areas, urban mass transportation has become the de-facto preferred and often only possible transport mode for a significant part of the daily commuters. Hence, the challenge in Europe is to provide efficient, affordable, reliable, safe and secure mass transportation systems.
SECUR-ED stands for “Secured Urban transportation – European Demonstration”, it is a demonstration project of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7), Theme SEC-2010.2.1-1 and one of the biggest FP7 Security projects.
SECUR-ED is the phase II demonstration project of the Mass Transportation Security programme, and is following the phase I preliminary study named DEMASST.
The main objective of SECUR-ED is to give transport operators of large and medium cities of Europe the means to enhance urban transport security. The second main objective is to enlarge the mass transport security market for the European industry.

In order to reach these ultimate objectives, SECUR-ED is proposing flagship demonstrations in big cities (Madrid, Paris, Milan, Berlin) and additional satellite demonstrations in medium cities (Lisbon, Brussels, Bilbao…) showing how to increase the security in mass transportation.
SECUR-ED addresses security of people and infrastructures, from minor offences to major terrorism threats, in an inter-modal environment (transport nodes), taking into accounts various legal, cultural and societal environments.
As public transportation operations interact directly with people and society, security enhancements require addressing all together the social contexts in which the transportation systems are operating.
The SECUR-ED approach will be designed from the ground up to ensure that the solutions proposed and demonstrated are not only technically feasible, but can also be smoothly integrated within existing operational procedures and are appropriate with respect to societal demands.
Conversely, a global enhancement of security in urban public transport systems cannot be achieved without the operator’s staff in charge of the day-to-day network operations. Integrating and maintaining security procedures within the overall set constraints that each operator has to tackle is an endless task. Identifying risks and issues, developing adequate procedures to manage these risks and issues and training the operator staff while continuously operating the networks is a daily challenge. Sharing best practices, starting from risk assessment and ending with complete training packages, is therefore seen in SECUR-ED as an essential condition to achieve the project objectives.
Simultaneously, SECUR-ED will provide technical capacities addressing the most efficient topics for security enhancement. These capacities will be designed in an interoperable way, so as to facilitate their adoption and use by various operators. This will in turn promote and facilitate the adoption of standardized European security solutions for transportation operators and further opening up the European market.
It is running for 42 months and has a total budget of €40,188,876.20 partly funded by the EU (€25,468,072.00). 40 participants from 13 countries contribute to this project coordinated by THALES (TCS).

Project Results:
SECUR-ED started on the 1st April 2011 and was kicked-off the 3rd May 2011 in Paris.
During these first 12 months of the project, partners have built solid foundations in a partnership spirit. Collaboration and cooperation was supported through several deliverables addressing the overall governance and providing a common basis for all technical matters. The publication of a Quality Control Manual deliverable together with several templates has allowed for a good implementation of quality processes. Additionally, efficient communication means (mailing lists, collaborative website) have been established. The implementation of a collaborative web portal open to all SECUR-ED members allows sharing documents, meetings and actions.
Important dissemination activities such as project presentations and press releases have been realized, in order to promote the project. A public website has been created and provides an overview of the project

Several deliverables assessed the preparedness of the Public Transport Organizations (PTOs) with regard to the security issues and proposes methods to progress in this matter.

Above all, a sound technical basis has been established through the first developments of a common framework to be used during the whole project. A security and transportation common vocabulary has been set up and the preliminary architecture to be used throughout the project has been established, namely the host architecture and interfacing rule on which the different technical solutions will be built and the demonstrations implemented. This “common basis” being in place, most of the ongoing activities concentrate on the functional modules, on the technical capacities that will populate the host architecture and on the practical aspects of the demonstrations. Capacities providers and public transport operators are working in a collaborative way in order to progress on these tasks, never forgetting that interoperability and reusability of the capacities are the key objectives of the project.

In parallel, several meetings of the 4 Advisory Groups (Public Transport Operators and Authorities, Law Enforcement and First Responders, Industry, Ethical and Societal issues) and of the Advisory Board have been organized (September 2011, November 2011, March 2012, April 2012), in order to link the community of the various stakeholders. The overall goal is to receive feedback from these various Advisory Groups and to provide this information to the Consortium and to the Advisory Board in order to improve acceptance of the SECUR-ED outcomes to the widest possible range of stakeholders outside the consortium, therefore contributing to the European added value.

Finally, a Plenary Meeting has been held in December 2011 in Paris in order to share the progress of all project activities after nine months between the partners, to ensure consistency of all project activities, to secure the remaining deliverables of period P1, and, above all, to define the work plan securing completion of the major deliverables expected in period P2.

Potential Impact:
The 4 flagship demonstrations (Madrid, Paris, Milan and Berlin) and the planned deliverables are means to achieve long-term results. The satellite demonstrations will show that the solutions are reusable, scalable to medium cities and modular.
The impact of the SECUR-ED project on the mass passenger transportation sector will be significant. This is thanks to the solid composition of the consortium which is highly representative of the sector both from an operator and supplier point of view. In addition to this, the wide scope of the four Advisory Groups further ensures that all relevant stakeholders are involved. As a result, the project will pave the path for the future of sector in terms of technological and procedural solutions across the Member States of the European Union.
For Operators:
The positive impact on public transport operators would cover several aspects. Firstly, the demonstrated technologies will provide immediately implementable solutions which will directly improve both the real and perceived security of the networks. Secondly, the focus on the possibility of integrating new capacities will greatly improve the ability for security systems to evolve into a system of systems. Thirdly, the enlargement of the security market for the industry will result in more affordable and more tailored solutions to their security needs.
For Suppliers:
The European rail supply industry has a leading position in the world market, valued around € 85 billion in 2008, of which it captures around 50 % in Europe. The supply industry is highly interested in any initiatives which help to promote European standards and their promotion outside of Europe. Since an integrated vision for transport security systems has necessarily to focus on a change to the current situation, leading to cost cutting, efficiency gains and improvements in quality, a substantial impact can be expected for both users and suppliers in general.
Moreover the specific objective in terms of standardisation and interoperability solutions will have a strong impact due the highly representative nature of the consortium. Only the main stakeholders are able to implement change in such complex systems - and they are all present in the project.
Another major impact through increased standardisation and interoperability will be that suppliers will also benefit from a further opening of the market. This is of strategic importance to the suppliers and also benefits operators of course as they will be able to chose from a set of different suppliers rather being bound to a very limited number of suppliers or even only one supplier.
For the EU citizen:
Finally, the impact of societies will include an improvement of the level of security of public transport networks across the European Union, in cities both large and medium. The improvement of passengers’ perception of security will encourage more users to use public transport, thus improving the quality of lives of EU citizens in general.

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