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Nonlinear dynamics of the solar-terrestrial environment

Final Report Summary - PLASMADYNAMICS (Nonlinear dynamics of the solar-terrestrial environment)

The objectives of this project on “Nonlinear dynamics of the solar-terrestrial environment” are to advance our knowledge of the complex spatiotemporal dynamics of space plasmas, and their applications in solar-terrestrial relation, space weather, and other frontier problems in space science, and to strengthen the long-term EU-Brazil cooperation in space research. Two Tasks were formulated for this project. Task 1: Modeling Alfvén waves and intermittent turbulence in space plasmas, and Task 2: Observation of coherent structures and intermittent turbulence in space plasmas. The scientific results of Task I were published in 8 papers and of Task II were published in 4 papers, all in international peer-reviewed journals. The results of this project were presented in 7 invited talks, 4 oral papers, and 4 poster papers in 15 international meetings. Under the coordination of Dr. N. Vilmer, the scientific representative of the project's coordinator, a mini-course with a series of 4 tutorial lectures were given by Dr. A. C.-L. Chian at Observatoire de Paris in 2011. Through the collaboration of Dr. Chian with Dr. J.-L. Bougeret of Observatoire de Paris and the WISER research & teaching network, a Special Session (SpS10) on the Dynamics of the Star-Planet Relation was organized at the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in Beijing-China in 2012; two Public Forums at Peking University and Tsinghua University were organized as the public educational outreach activities of SpS10. Dr. Chian presented a Keynote Talk at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence (STCE-2012) and Alfvén Workshop in Brussels-Belgium. Dr. Chian was one of the conveners of the 9th International Workshop on Nonlinear Waves and Chaos in Space Plasmas held in La Jolla-USA in 2013; a special issue of Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics will be co-edited by Dr. Chian. This project succeeded to establish an international scientific cooperation program on “Nonlinear dynamics in the solar-terrestrial environment” focused on three topics: 1) Alfvén waves and turbulence in solar and interstellar plasmas; 2) Computer modelling of solar physics phenomena; and 3) Analysis of observational solar-terrestrial data. This scientific program involves the partnership of the following institutions: 1) Europe: Observatoire de Paris-France, Observatoire Cote d’Azur-France, Ecole Normale Superieure/Paris-France, Ecole Polytechnique/Palaiseau-France, INRIA-France, LATMOS-France, Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy-Belgium, Potsdam University-Germany, MPI for Plasma Physics/Greifswald-Germany, University of Calabria-Italy, Space Research Institute-Russia, Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics-Russia, NORDITA & University of Stockholm-Sweden, Uppsala University-Sweden, University of Zurich-Switzerland, Cambridge University-UK, Durham University-UK, St. Andrews University-UK; 2) Brazil: National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Institute of Aeronautical Technology (ITA), University of Sao Paulo (USP), University of Brasilia (UnB); 3) Chile: University of Chile, University of Concepcion; 3) USA: University of California at Berkeley, University of Texas at Austin; 4) China: Purple Mountain Observatory, Luoyang Normal University.