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Climate Change and Hominin Evolution in the Arabian Desert: Life and Death at the Cross-roads of the Old World

Objective

The evolutionary success of humans can be attributed to our ability to adapt to ever-changing environments. This reproductive and adaptive success is demonstrated by the 7 billion living humans, occupying nearly every corner of the globe. However, the expansion of humans is an evolutionarily recent development; fossil, genetic and archaeological evidence indicates that humans and our hominin ancestors frequently failed to adapt to climatic fluctuations, leading to demographic contractions and regional extinctions. Remarkably little is known about the history of these evolutionary successes and failures across vast regions of the world, including in the Arabian Desert - a critical biogeographical landbridge for hominins and other animals. Although poorly known, the Arabian Desert preserves spectacular Pleistocene and Holocene records, with considerable potential for elucidating evolutionary patterns and processes on a variety of spatial and temporal scales. The PALAEODESERTS project sets forth a series of testable hypotheses to address the relations between humid and arid climatic periods and population expansions, contractions and extinctions. To address the hypotheses a bold interdisciplinary approach is taken, combining information from palaeoenvironmental studies, palaeontology, geography, geochronology, animal and human genetics, archaeology, rock art studies and linguistics. Examination of hominin and animal population histories provides a comparative framework to assess when, why and how novel cultural behaviours provided survival benefits to hominins. The PALAEODESERTS project will have a profound effect on our understanding of Arabia’s place in the story of human evolution and, more broadly, on the relationship between environmental change, population history, and cultural innovations. This project is uniquely placed to understand our past and contextualise the present at a time when climate change is of considerable public and academic interest and concern.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/earth and related environmental sciences/palaeontology

Call for proposal

ERC-2011-ADG_20110406
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-AG - ERC Advanced Grant

Host institution

Klinik Max Planck Institut für Psychiatrie
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Germany
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 319 684,87
Principal investigator
Michael D Petraglia (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Beate Kerpen (Ms.)

Beneficiaries (2)

Klinik Max Planck Institut für Psychiatrie
Germany
EU contribution
€ 319 684,87
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Principal investigator
Michael D Petraglia (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Beate Kerpen (Ms.)
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

Participation ended

United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 1 924 665,13
Address
Wellington Square University Offices
OX1 2JD Oxford
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Gill Wells (Ms.)