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"UE cultural policy and intercultural dialogue in time of globalization: a comparative study of values concerning cultural heritage for civil society (Faro-Convention, 2005)"

Final Report Summary - VALOGLOB (UE cultural policy and intercultural dialogue in time of globalization: a comparative study of values concerning cultural heritage for civil society (Faro-Convention, 2005))

Final Summary Report based on Dr Isabelle Brianso reports: Mid-Term Report (January 2014) and Periodic Report (January 2015) submitted during the 24 months as follows:

1.1 A summary description of the project objectives:
The research work developed as a Marie Curie Fellow (IEF, FP7) is based on the analysis of a European normative tool regarding cultural heritage in Europe and beyond (The Balkans). Indeed, the Council of Europe (CoE) is currently promoting the Faro Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (2005) as an innovative and powerful legal tool facing complex social and cultural challenges. Within this framework inhabitants and communities have been identified as key actors to strengthen democratic participation in cultural heritage policy for society. The research work (“global strategies to local initiatives”) is based on a comparative study regarding two main normative texts (UNESCO, CoE) with major impacts worldwide, especially in European peripheral territories (Kosovo). This research work has the final aim to deeply analyse local dynamics (cultural heritage, societies) with innovative methodology in Humanities and Social Sciences in order to cross data (theoretical and empirical) and visions (institutions and civil society). Within this framework the project objectives of VALOGLOB (http://www.valoglob.uvsq.fr) are: (1) Semiotic analysis of Faro Convention (2005, CoE) (2) Compared study on Faro Convention (2005, CoE) and World Heritage Convention (1972, UNESCO) (3) Field inquiries (heritage sites, population) regarding the implementation of both conventions (CoE & UNESCO) in France (Versailles Palace, World Heritage [WH] site since 1979) and in Kosovo (Junik, Faro Convention pilot implementation).

1.2 A description of the work performed since the beginning of the project:
As mentioned in the Mid-Term Report submitted in January 2014 & Periodic Report submitted in January 2015, the work performed since the beginning of the project has been focused on the project objectives, training activities and transfer of knowledge. Indeed, the visit study (4 months) at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg (France) has reoriented the European case study regarding the implementation survey of Faro Convention (2005, CoE). As mentioned, in December 2013 the CoE asked me to present my research work (VALOGLOB) and design a research methodology field project in order to assess gaps between normative text (Faro Convention) and civil society in Kosovo as a top priority area for CoE. I successfully passed the CoE evaluation of the research project (January 2014) and I decided to change the field areas of implementation analysis (Kosovo instead of Turkey & France instead of Italy). These new field studies are more relevant and adapted to the final purpose of the project: assess gaps between normative texts (CoE, UNESCO) and civil society. Thus, I am leading two scientific & applied research works in Kosovo (CoE Office in Pristina) and France (Versailles Castle, Ile de France). Since January 2014, I am working in close collaboration with CoE Office in Pristina (Kosovo) regarding the design and implementation of field work in Junik (West Kosovo). I did 2 missions at CoE Headquarters in France (February 2014 & February 2015) and 3 missions in Kosovo (April, June and November) in order to design and collect scientific data based on inquiries (questionnaires, interviews). Besides, I did 3 conferences at Pristina University organised by the Heritage Community Network monitored by the CoE; the DGII (Division of Cultural Diversity, CoE) has diffused on the CoE website the sum up of the conference (June 2014) entitled “Community development through the protection and promotion of cultural heritage” (http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/cooperation/kosovo/wellbeing/jahcn_EN.asp?). In addition, I am leading a scientific group at Versailles Castle (France) on visitors coming to this major heritage site of French and European cultural identity. Indeed, I have impulsed the signature of a research agreement (June 2014) between Versailles Castle (Etablissement public du Château, Musée et Domaine de Versailles) and my former French university (University de Versailles Saint-Quentin). I organised a first investigation meeting (September 2014) and I applied in October 2014 for financial support for the research group (French Ministry of Culture, Fondation des Sciences du Patrimoine) in order to organise a research seminar (October 2015 ) on visitors of World Heritage sites. Furthermore, I am involved into the French research group which aim is to write a “Dictionnaire des concepts du patrimoine” (Heritage Dictionary on-line) leads by Prof. B. Roussel (University Professor, Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France). I have joined this academic groups as an expert on cultural heritage standards (UNESCO, CoE). The coordinator of the “Dictionary” organised periodic meetings (once a month) at Paris (Jardin des plantes) – I am officially integrated into this group (http://www.paloc.fr/index.php/recherche/projets-transversaux/45-dictionnaire-des-concepts-du-patrimoine). Then, I have published a peer-reviewed article in an international review (Revue internationale d’éthique sociétale et gouvernementale, Canada), I am finalizing a peer-review article titled “La Convention de Faro (2005): des enjeux interculturels pour le patrimoine culturel européen et la société”, Revue Internationale de la Recherche Interculturelle (Canada) that should be published in October 2015 based on the Scientific Report submitted to the CoE (February 2015). Finally, I have been invited to attend several scientific meetings and conferences (Kosovo, Croatia, France, Argentina), and I organise with the CoE on 26-29 May 2015 an international conference in Pristina (Kosovo) for the 10th anniversary of Faro Convention (2005-2015).

1.3 A description of the main results achieved so far:
As mentioned in both Mid-Term Reports (January 2014 & 2015), the main significant results of this research work (VALOGLOB) can be developed, as follows:

(a) Strengthen my research : VALOGLOB project has a great impact on my investigation career, not only regarding research productions (publications) but also on networking (Council of Europe, Universities), dissemination of activities (teaching, seminars & conferences), institutional agreements and collaborations (Versailles Castle Agreement (June 2014), CoE cooperation in Kosovo Office, H2020 coordinator within Marie Curie Actions (RISE)). In addition, I am currently recognised as a CoE expert on cultural heritage based on research methodology, standards assessment (CoE, UNESCO) and local impacts (population) & implementation. I applied to two positions as professor assistant in France (short listed candidate) and EURIAS fellowship in June 2014.

(b) Strengthen my expertise at international level: During my visit stay (4 months) at the Council of Europe (Strasbourg, France), I got the opportunity to present VALOGLOB objectives and design a research project on Faro Convention and its implementation in West Kosovo (Junik) as field case study. This experience had a main impact on the empirical work due to political context of Kosovo as a top priority for CoE. Besides, as an expert of cultural heritage standards I have joined a research group focused on the production of a heritage dictionary (on-line) leaded by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (France). As a result, I submitted in April 2014 a H2020 project (RISE) specialised on cultural and natural diversity based on UNESCO new orientations linked to heritage as an integrated approach. This H2020 project has been successfully evaluated by the European Commission; I am the project coordinator as an associated member of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (attached: Invitation Letter) and I am preparing the Grant Agreement (1,296 million euros) with the consortium composed of UAB (Spain), MNHN (France) and UCAM (Morocco).

(c) Scientific production and enhance my skills in empirical research methods: I feel more confident with quantitative and qualitative methods to carry out empirical research. Indeed, I designed and implemented (March to September 2014) investigation tools (3 inquiries and 15 interviews) in order to collect and treat empirical data. I used a cross methodology based on sociological/anthropological approach (design, test, feedback and implementation). I finished the process of collecting data in situ (November 2014) and I did the treatment phase in December/January2015. Indeed, this phase was longer and needed some adjustments (test, feedback) but I carried out the treatment the inquiries (Heritage Values; Visitors/Population; Stakeholders) and related interviews. I produced a Scientific Report (43 pages) based on a field survey (Kosovo) on Faro Convention that should be published by the Council of Europe in 2015. In addition, I submitted 3 peer-reviewed articles on ethics (Revue internationale d’éthique sociétale et gouvernementale, Canada), cultural heritage in Africa (Revue étude de communication – sum up in Cairn/OpenEdition) and World Heritage inscription in Angkor (Cambodia) in a collective book edited in 2015 by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (France).

1.4 Expected final results and their impact and use:
The project aims at facilitating the assessment of complex heritage concepts developed by Faro Convention (Heritage Community (art. 2), Democratic Participation (art. 12), Cultural Heritage and European Common Heritage (art. 3) in Kosovo in accordance with European/UN norms and standards, with a strong emphasis on community well-being through the active participation of all stakeholders and civil society. The impact of the project on the ground and assessing social and cultural heritage values as key indicators in respect to the local initiatives are essential to understand gaps (global strategy & local initiatives) in Kosovo and France as an attempt to implement the UNESCO/Faro convention principles and norms. Thus, the final results and potential impacts were: (1) Assess cultural heritage and social values in a complex heritage area (2) Identify quantitative and qualitative indicators (3) Develop and test in the field a first step methodology top-down (4) Assess gaps between standards (Faro Convention/UNESCO Convention) and local implementation (5) Assess in the field complex concepts mentioned in European standards: “heritage communities”, “common heritage of Europe” (6) Improve the understanding of innovative European/UNESCO approach linked to cultural heritage: “communities and individual participation” (7) Collect data and information from communities living in a heritage place in order to better understand needs and tensions (8) First step conception of an Observatory on cultural heritage and social values (quantitative and qualitative data).