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Controlled Synthesis of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials for Energy Storage and Conversion

Objective

"Two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets, which possess a high degree of anisotropy with nanoscale thickness and infinite length in other dimensions, hold enormous promise as a novel class of ultrathin 2D nanomaterials with various unique functionalities and properties, and exhibit great potential in energy storage and conversion systems that are substantially different from their respective 3D bulk forms. Here I propose a strategy for the synthesis and processing of various 2D nanosheets across a broad range of inorganic, organic and polymeric materials with molecular-level or thin thickness through both the top-down exfoliation of layered materials and the bottom-up assembly of available molecular building blocks. Further, I aim to develop the synthesis of various 2D-nanosheet based composite materials with thickness of less than 100 nm and the assembly of 2D nanosheets into novel hierarchal superstrucutures (like aerogels, spheres, porous particles, nanotubes, multi-layer films). The structural features of these 2D nanomaterials will be controllably tailored by both the used layered precursors and processing methodologies. The consequence is that I will apply and combine defined functional components as well as assembly protocols to create novel 2D nanomaterials for specific purposes in energy storage and conversion systems. Their unique characters will include the good electrical conductivity, excellent mechanical flexibility, high surface area, high chemical stability, fast electron transport and ion diffusion etc. Applications will be mainly demonstrated for the construction of lithium ion batteries (anode and cathode), supercapacitors (symmetric and asymmetric) and fuel cells. As the key achievements, I expect to establish the delineation of reliable structure-property relationships and improved device performance of 2D nanomaterials."

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/electromagnetism and electronics/electrical conductivity
  • /engineering and technology/materials engineering/coating and films
  • /engineering and technology/nanotechnology/nano-materials
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell

Call for proposal

ERC-2012-StG_20111012
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-SG - ERC Starting Grant

Host institution

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET DRESDEN
Address
Helmholtzstrasse 10
01069 Dresden
Germany
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 034 328
Principal investigator
Xinliang Feng (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Friederieke Noack (Ms.)

Beneficiaries (2)

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET DRESDEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 1 034 328
Address
Helmholtzstrasse 10
01069 Dresden
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Principal investigator
Xinliang Feng (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Friederieke Noack (Ms.)
Klinik Max Planck Institut für Psychiatrie

Participation ended

Germany
EU contribution
€ 465 672,03
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Udo Schreiner (Mr.)