Skip to main content

Biology and clinical staging of trypanosome neuroinvasion in sleeping sickness

Objective

The project, based on a joint effort of five African and three European partners, foresees a highly integrated investigation of sleeping sickness or human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). This is a neglected but re-emerging disease in sub-Saharan Africa. HAT develops into an early haemolymphatic and a subsequent encephalitic stage, during which the causative parasite Trypanosoma brucei and/or increased numbers of lymphocytes are found in the cerebrospinal fluid. Arsenic compounds are still the drugs of choice for treatment of the encephalitic stage, but they are associated with severe and often fatal side effects. Relapses after current treatments also pose a serious problem.

There are important gaps in knowledge concerning:
(i) mechanisms by which trypanosomes invade the brain,
(ii) when, post-infection, such invasion occurs, and
(iii) effects of drugs on trypanosomes that have invaded the brain parenchyma.

To discover mechanisms of parasite neuro-invasion and thereby devising candidates of diagnostic markers for an effective staging and new therapeutic management of HAT, the project plans to:
1. Unravel the mechanism/s by which African trypanosomes cross the BBB and invade the brain;
2. Identify candidate biomarkers for this event for diagnostic tools for therapeutic decisions and cure assessment;
3. Investigate the therapeutic potential of new low-toxicity drugs, already in use for other diseases, which can interfere with trypanosomes that are invading or have invaded the brain;
4. Determine clinical, immunological and neuro-physiological parameters that correlate to trypanosome neuro-invasion, as well as therapeutic windows for drugs to clear trypanosomes from the brain;
5. Strengthen the research capacity of African investigators by providing transfer of technology and training for junior investigators, especially African scientists, to develop expertise on HAT and other neuro-inflammatory diseases, which are a plague in the African continent.

Field of science

  • /medical and health sciences/clinical medicine/psychiatry/sleep disorders

Call for proposal

FP6-2004-INCO-DEV-3
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

KAROLINSKA INSTITUTET
Address
Nobels Väg 5
Stockholm
Sweden

Participants (7)

MAKERERE UNIVERSITY
Uganda
Address
Makerere Hill Road
Kampala
CENTRE FOR TICKS AND TICK-BORNE DISEASES
Malawi
Address
Bweemba Complex, Likuni Road, Area 46
Lilongwe
PRINS LEOPOLD INSTITUUT VOOR TROPISCHE GENEESKUNDE
Belgium
Address
Nationalestraat 155
Antwerpen
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE BIOMEDICALE
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Address
Avenue De La Democratie
Kinshasa I Gombe
UNIVERSITY OF VERONA
Italy
Address
Via Dell'artigliere 8
Verona
TROPICAL DISEASES RESEARCH CENTRE
Zambia
Address
7Th Floor, Ndola Central Hospital, Nkana Road
Ndola
UNIVERSITY OF YAOUNDE I
Cameroon
Address
Nuda-ekele Hill
Yaounde