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Polymer Electrolytes and Non Noble Metal Electrocatalysts for High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells

Objective

The objectives of the APOLLON-B consortium are the development of materials for High Temperature PEMFCs, functional at temperatures 130-200oC. Their application will permit their efficient operation under H2/H2 re-formate, aiming to power densities of 0.5W/c m2 at cell voltage between 0.5-0.6V and significantly reduced manufacturing cost of MEAs.

The accomplishment of these objectives will be succeeded by:

(1) Further development, optimisation and novel synthesis of HT polymer electrolyte membranes.
Three types of novel PEMs will be developed:
(i) H3PO4 doped PEMs based on polymers and polymer blends containing imidazol or pyridine groups in their main chain,
(ii) polymers containing polar groups with high pKa (>7) that bound H3PO4 strongly,
(iii) Strong base doped membranes based on imidazol groups containing polymers,
(iv) Non-doped self sustained Organic acid-base composite electrolytes with operating temperatures above 150oC and
(vi) SiWA/Ormolyte type ureasil membranes.

(2) Development of non-noble electrocatalysts Non Pt containing electrocatalysts are proposed both for acid and base doped PEMs. Fot the acid doped membranes Cu/CeO2 or Cu/MnO2 supported anode electrocatalysts (active and quite stable in H2SO4 solutions) and WC or other metal carbides combinations can be considered as candidates for anodic materials, while Fe or Co based electrocatalysts of the FeNx/C type exhibit similar electrocatalytic activity to Pt/C for O2 reduction. The concept of the base-doped PEMs allows for the proposal of alternative electrocatalytic materials, like H2 storage alloys of AB2 (ZrNi2) or AB5 (LaNi5) type as anodic and perovskites LaNiO3 or LaSrCoFeO as cathodic electrodes.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/polymer science
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/metals
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/air pollution engineering

Call for proposal

FP6-2004-NMP-TI-4
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

FOUNDATION OF RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY HELLAS
Address
Vassilika Vouton
Heraklion
Greece

Participants (10)

ADVANCED ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES SA
Greece
Address
Kifisias Avenue 44
Marousi - Athens
CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
Address
Calle Serrano 117
Madrid
DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Denmark
Address
Anker Engelundsvej 1, Bygning 101A
Kongens Lyngby
FUMA-TECH GESELLSCHAFT FUR FUNKTIONELLE MEMBRANEN UND ANLAGENTECHNOLOGIE MBH
Germany
Address
Am Grubenstollen 11
St. Ingbert
GERMANOS - ANONYMOS BIOMIHANIKI KAI EMBORIKI ETAIREIA ELEKTRONIKOU KAI TELEPIKINONIAKOU YLIKOU KAI PAROKES PAROKIS YPIRESION TILEPIKOINONIAS
Greece
Address
Olbio - N. Xantis Th.35
Xanthi
KEMIJSKI INSTITUT LJUBLJANA SLOVENIJA
Slovenia
Address
Hajdrihova 19
Ljubljana
NEDSTACK FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY B.V.
Netherlands
Address
Westervoortsedijk 73
Arnhem
RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAT HEIDELBERG
Germany
Address
Seminarstrasse 2
Heidelberg
UNIVERSITY OF PATRAS
Greece
Address
University Campus - Panepistimioupolis - Rion
Patras
VYSOKA SKOLA CHEMICKO-TECHNOLOGICKA V PRAZE
Czechia
Address
Technicka 5
Praha 6