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Dialogue and Discourse

Objective

DANDI aimed to:
-Facilitate communication and increase the interaction and scientific cooperation between European research centres involved in the study of dialogue and discourse.
-Encourage new axes of communication to form across consortia boundaries, thus stimulating new areas of collaboration and new research initiatives.
-Help create and strengthen a wider European community of researchers concerned with problems of cognition and language.
The project coordinated and stimulated scientific cooperation between European research centres involved in studying the question of how information is encoded in and extracted from discourse.
APPROACH AND METHODS
The key questions addressed by the Working Group were organised around the following topics:
-Questions and answers: what constitutes an appropriate answer to a given question? Can the process of integrating newly conveyed information with discourse-specific or domain knowledge be described as a process of cognitive questioning?
-Focus, topic, comment and presupposition: does the topic-comment structure of discourse reflect this process of cognitive questioning? What is the relation between topicality and presupposition?
-Intonation: how is the given/new and the topic/comment structure of discourse marked intonationally?
-Text coherence: what are the processing implications of explicit markers of text coherence? When a text seems to lack coherence, to what extent can extra material be accommodated in the discourse model to produce a coherent interpretation?
-Lexical semantics: how can words be stored in such a way that they can interact with the information emanating from preceding discourse, in generation as well as understanding?
To increase collaboration on these issues, DANDI provided a framework for visits to other research sites, the organisation of workshops and special interest groups, and the exchange of research results.
PROGRESS AND RESULTS
DANDI supports collaboration between existing research teams. The achievements, publications and potential for exploitation of the Working Group should be seen in this light.
Recent workshops include :
-Discourse Coherence (Edinburgh, April 1991)
-Negation (Corsendonck, May 1991)
-The Cognitive Science of NLP (Dublin, October 1991)
-Computational Semantics (Pitlochry, March 1992)
-Evaluation in Natural Language Processing and Speech (Edinburgh, April 1992)
POTENTIAL
In the final phase of DANDI, a number of forward-looking workshops were organised (viz. on the future of computational semantics and on the role of evaluation in NLP technology). These activities will continue in different EC-funded schemes.

Coordinator

University of Edinburgh
Address
2 Buccleuch Place
EH8 9LW Edinburgh
United Kingdom

Participants (19)

BIM SA
Belgium
Address
Kwikstraat
3078 Everberg
COPENHAGEN SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS & BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Denmark
Address

X Koebenhavn
Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen
Germany
Address
Biesinger Straße 10
72070 Tübingen
IDSIA-INSTITUTO DALLE MOLLE
Switzerland
Address
Corso Elvezia
6900 Lugano
Institut für Deutsche Sprache
Germany
Address

68016 Mannheim
KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT BRABANT
Netherlands
Address
Postbus 90153
5000 LE Tilburg
KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT NIJMEGEN
Netherlands
Address
Montessorilaan 9104
6500 HE Nijmegen
MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUTE FOR PSYCHOLINGUISTICS
Netherlands
Address
Wundtlaan 1
6525 XD Nijmegen
SAARLAND UNIVERSITY
Germany
Address
Im Stadtwald
66123 Saarbruecken
UNIV DE LIEGE
Belgium
Address
Campus Du Sart-tilman,batiment
4000 Liege
UNIV VAN AMSTERDAM
Netherlands
Address
Kloveniersburgwal
1012 CZ Amsterdam
UNIVERSITAIRE INSTELLING ANTWERPEN
Belgium
Address
Universiteitsplein 1
2610 Wilrijk
UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
United Kingdom
Address
Sackville Street
88 Manchester
UNIVERSITY OF OSLO
Norway
Address
Blindern 1053
0316 Oslo 3
University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
Address
Free School Lane
CB2 3RF Cambridge
University of Essex
United Kingdom
Address
Wivenhoe Park
CO4 3SQ Colchester
Università degli Studi di Milano
Italy
Address
Via F. Sforza 23
20122 Milano
Universität Stuttgart
Germany
Address
Keplerstraße 7
70174 Stuttgart
École Polytechnique
France
Address
22 Rue Monge
75005 Paris