The Dark Universe with Extragalactic Lensing
The distortions, caused by photons being deflected by the large-scale distribution of matter, are small and their analysis places a high demand on data, pushing both data quality and analysis techniques. The DUEL (Dark Matter with Extragalactic Lensing) research and training network proposes to exploit these data to map the distribution of Dark Matter in the Universe projected on the sky and in 3-D, using gravitationally lensed images of distant galaxies, from upcoming imaging and photometric galaxy red shift surveys, in particular the VST-KIDS survey. With this we will: (1) probe the nature of the Dark Matter from its large-scale distribution and evolution; (2) compare the Dark Matter distribution with that of the galaxies as a function of environment and cosm ic time; (3) probe the equation of state of the Dark Energy content of the Universe.
The DUEL research and training network will be vital in the development of these methods and the training of a new generation in state-of-the-art methods needed to exploit these and future sets. Since these datasets are so large, single institutes are not equipped to reduce and analyze them. DUEL will form a coherent network of observers and theoreticians required to optimally exploit these data and maintain European leader ship in Cosmology.
THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
Old College, South Bridge
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)
ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI ASTROFISICA
RHEINISCHE FRIEDRICH-WILHELMS-UNIVERSITAET BONN
UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Final Activity Report Summary - DUEL (The Dark Universe with Extragalactic Lensing)
The DUEL Network was set up in 2007 to provide the European Cosmological community with the expertise and methods to carry out Cosmic Shear Surveys on three of the largest ground-based imaging and multi-wavelength galaxy surveys: the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) Survey; the European VLT Survey Telescope Kilo-Degree Survey (VST-KIDS) and the US-European Panoramic Survey and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARSS-1; PS1) Survey. When complete these will have imaged 170, 1500, and 20,000 square degrees of the sky. DUEL Nodes were established at Edinburgh, Paris, Leiden, Bonn, Munich, Heidelberg, Naples and Vancouver and 7 Early Stage Researchers and 7 Experience Researchers appointed. Over the last four year, the DUEL Network has established a Cosmic Shear community and DUEL Fellows have helped make the measurement of the shear effect from the small distortions in galaxy images reliable. They have developed new data analysis methods which have been applied to the CFHT and PS1 Surveys, and shown that the massive data-sets from these surveys can be dealt with. The analysis of the CFHT Survey has shown that Cosmic Shear data can be understood to a very high degree and its systematics controlled.
In doing so we have developed a much better understanding of astronomical measurements and turned telescopes into high-precision instruments. In addition, DUEL has made non-cosmology systematic testing and blind analysis the standard for Cosmic Shear analysis, and developed Cosmic Shear simulations to test new methods and understand the statistical significance of Cosmic Shear results. The CFHT Survey is now under control of its systematics and we are finalizing Dark Matter maps, and cosmological parameter estimation.
A series of 20 papers will appear later this year will all results in. The PS1 Survey is in progress and much of what DUEL has learnt is being applied. VST-KIDS is about to start its survey, and again the wealth of knowledge from CFHT and PS1 will be used to carry out its analysis.
Finally, as well as carrying out the analysis of current survey, DUEL has supported the development of the Euclid Satellite Mission proposal to the European Space Agency. If selected in September 2011 this will launch in 2018 and carry out a five-year mission to image the whole sky for Cosmic Shear. DUEL has been key to building the science case for measuring Dark Matter, Dark Energy and testing Einstein's Theory of Gravity. This will be DUEL's final legacy.
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