The Gothenburg and Lisbon goals require high productivity growth with absolute decoupling of environmental impacts, at a macro level, realised basically through the process of eco-innovation at a micro and meso level. Eco-innovation indicators are to measure progress, both the economic performance, as in terms of cost reduction and enhanced functionality, and the environmental performance, as by reduced emissions and resource depletion and other environmental improvements.
Actual improvement is at a micro level, involving technologies, including their upstream systems (cradle-to-gate); goods and services, as product systems covering their life cycle; and innovative behaviours, both by producers and consumers. As most incentives and improvements work through firms and sectors, performance measurement at meso-level is essential as well.
This project distinguishes three types of eco-innovation indicators. First is the actual economic and environmental performance. Second are indirect proxy indicators on expected actual performance. Third are the indirect indicators capturing the factors conducive to eco-innovation, as drivers, ranging from having an eco-innovation manager to the internalisation of externalities in prices.
The project will:
- Further detail the conceptual basis and typology of eco-innovation
- Set out the methodology for eco-innovation indicators selection
- Structure the indirect indicators field with a focus on the most powerful predictive factors
- Indicate most relevant drivers for application in policy and management
- Give an exemplary application of the indicators of all types
- Indicate efforts to improve the data availability for eco-innovation indicators
- Specify research for improving insight into positive and negative factors on eco-innovation.
A brainstorm session with public and private sector stakeholders (like related to Innovation Policy; ETAP; SDS; SCandP) will help develop and validate the approach.
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