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Renewable energy from crops and agrowastes (CROPGEN)

Objective

The overall aim of the research is to produce from biomass a sustainable fuel source that can be integrated into the existing energy infrastructure in the medium term, and in the longer term will also provide a safe and economical means of supplying the developing hydrogen fuel economy. A series of closely integrated sub-objectives aim to deliver a breakthrough in costs that will firmly establish biogas technology as an economically attractive energy production process for both on and off-site use. The work will identify energy crops and agro-wastes best fitted to energy production in an integrated farming environment, consider energy losses in production and processing, and use these to set net energy production targets as a technological goal. The role of storage and pre-treatments will be considered. Co-digestion will be evaluated as a means of improving energy yields from materials which were uneconomic for biogas production. Some agricultural residues will also be investigated as potential high-yielding substrates. Innovative bioreactor designs and operation modes will be tested. A European database of bio-kinetics for use in design and operation will be established. True life cycle costs of biogas production will be determined in large-scale trials. These will allow verification of laboratory data and predictive models, including advanced decision support systems to optimise energy production. The work will consider the need to achieve continuity of energy supply in an integrated farming environment. Issues of sustainability, environmental impact and socio-economic factors will also be addressed. The results will add to EU databases on bio-energy crops; give engineers the necessary tools to develop the technology; and provide the farming community with evidence of profitable energy production without subsidy and within the EU's target cost for renewable energy.

Field of science

  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/horticulture/vegetable growing/root crop
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/natural gas
  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/industrial crops/fodder
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/grains and oilseeds/oilseed
  • /social sciences/economics and business/economics/production economics
  • /engineering and technology/industrial biotechnology/biomaterials/biofuels
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/databases
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/organic chemistry/aliphatic compounds
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/renewable energy
  • /natural sciences/mathematics/applied mathematics/mathematical model
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/artificial intelligence/computational intelligence
  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electrical engineering/power engineering/electric power generation
  • /agricultural sciences/animal and dairy science
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/biochemistry/biomolecules/lipids

Call for proposal

FP6-2002-ENERGY-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Coordinator

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON
Address
University Road, Highfield
Southampton
United Kingdom

Participants (9)

CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
Address
Calle Serrano 117
Madrid
GREENFINCH LTD
United Kingdom
Address
Barrett's Mill - Woofferton
Ludlow
JYVAESKYLAEN YLIOPISTO
Finland
Address
Seminaarinkatu 15
Jyvaeskylae
METENER LTD
Finland
Address
Ylistonmaentie 26
Jyvaskyla
ORGANIC POWER LIMITED
United Kingdom
Address
Gould's House
Horsington
UNIVERSITA CA' FOSCARI DI VENEZIA
Italy
Address
Dorsoduro 3246
Venezia
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI VERONA
Italy
Address
Via Dell'artigliere 8
Verona
UNIVERSITAET FUER BODENKULTUR
Austria
Address
Gregor Mendelstr. 33
Vienna
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITEIT
Netherlands
Address
Costerweg 50
Wageningen