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Cambridge Programme for International Research on Europe (CAPIRE): Proposal for an Early-Stage Research Training Project (EST) on the External Relations of the European Union.

Final Activity Report Summary - CAPIRE (Cambridge Programme for International Research on Europe (CAPIRE): Proposal for an Early-Stage Research Training Project (EST) on External Relations ...)

The ‘Cambridge Programme for International Research on Europe’ CAPIRE was intended to provide early stage training for a number of researchers focussing on the external relations of the European Union. The project ran from the spring of 2004 until the spring of 2008.

During the first academic year of the project, from 2004 to 2005, we recruited six early stage researchers. Three of the researchers, namely Justyna Dymerska, Sara Pogodda and Maria Malksoo, were given the status of ‘PhD fellow’ and were granted contracts allowing them to remain in Cambridge for a total of three years until they earned the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). A fourth researcher, Hendrik Pushmann, was admitted as a ‘junior fellow’, implying that he spent a total of 10 months in Cambridge whereby he would be able to qualify for an M.Phil degree in contemporary European studies. The remaining two fellows, i.e. Joyobroto Sanyal and Patrik Holden, were admitted as ‘visiting fellows’ and spent 10 months in Cambridge to complete research for PhD projects they had embarked upon elsewhere.

In the second year we recruited another three early stage researchers. One of the new recruits, Francesco Anesi, became a junior fellow; the remaining two, namely Alberto Nones and Sebastian Loisel, were visiting fellows, working on PhD projects they would eventually complete elsewhere. All three fellows spent 10 months in Cambridge to either earn an M.Phil degree or return to complete their PhDs at their home universities.

In the third project year we made three final appointments. Nicole Wichmann was recruited as a visiting fellow, Gundbert Scherf was recruited as a junior fellow and Janina Salibova was also recruited as a junior fellow.

Our CAPIRE fellows participated in a number of training and teaching activities each year. In brief, these included:

1. taught courses on European politics, including written examinations for some fellows
2. Marie Curie research workshops
3. fortnightly Jean Monnet research seminars
4. PhD research seminars
5. occasional seminars, usually featuring external speakers
6. lunchtime seminars
7. joint schools research sessions
8. study trips

An important recurrent research activity were the Marie-Curie research workshops, where CAPIRE fellows presented their research as work-in-progress. These were extremely successful events during which the intellectual synergies between the different research projects of the individual Marie Curie fellows as well as the ongoing research of centre staff clearly emerged. In the first year we had two such meetings. At the first workshop Jystyna Dymerska and Sara Pogodda presented their research in progress. At the second workshop Hendrik Puschmann and Maria Malksoo presented their thesis-related work. Both workshops resulted in hours of lively discussions about the individual research projects and their fit with the overall goals of the CAPIRE programme. In the second year, our PhD fellows presented once again their work-in-progress and presentations were also made by some of our visiting fellows.

In addition, we also held special ‘research seminars’ each year, where the more advanced among the Marie Curie fellows presented research papers to a group of both faculty and students from the wider department of international studies. In the first year, we had two such presentations. In November 2004 Patrick Holden gave a very well attended talk on the European Union’s use of foreign aid as a strategic tool in the Euro-Mediterranean partnership, entitled ‘EU aid as a soft power instrument in the Mediterranean: a framework for evaluation’. Also in November 2004 Sanyal Joyobroto gave a similarly successful seminar on the creation of the European Union’s Common Foreign Policy, entitled ‘The making of a policy: approaching European foreign policy-making in CFSP’. In the second year, in May 2006, visiting fellow Alberto Nones gave a presentation of his work and Nicole Wichmann presented her paper on the ‘External governance of internal security’ in October 2007.

Another important part of the training and teaching activities were comprehensively written exams, along with the submission of Master’s theses for junior fellows and PhD theses for PhD fellows. Junior fellows sat exams in February of each year. In February 2005 Hendrik Puschmann successfully passed his exams, thereby qualifying to continue reading for an M.Phil in contemporary European studies. In February 2006 Franceso Anesi passed his comprehensive exams and in February 2007 Janina Salibova and Gundberf Scherf successfully completed their exams. All junior and PhD fellows went on to submit Master’s or doctoral theses. On July 15 Hendrik Pushmann handed in a 25,000 word dissertation, thus earning the degree of M.Phil in contemporary European studies. Master’s theses were also submitted by Francesco Anesi in July 2006, Janina Salibova in July 2007 and Gundberf Scherf, also in July 2007. All junior fellows were awarded the degree of M.Phil in international relations. Furthermore, all three researchers that were admitted as PhD fellows submitted doctoral dissertations of 60,000 to 80,000 words and all have successfully earned the degree of PhD in international studies.

All our CAPIRE fellows were very active on the conference circuit and frequently travelled to participate in international conferences where they presented papers. For further details see the summary of conference papers under the overview of teaching and training activities which is given below. Many of them also participated in the Centre’s annual study trips.

Throughout each of the academic years that were covered by the project a range of special seminars were put on, focussing on European security and external. These were attended by both Marie-Curie fellows and other students and staff at the Centre, contributing to building a vibrant research community in the area of European foreign affairs, which we anticipated that would continue to thrive beyond the period of the Marie-Curie grant.

There were numerous publications by CAPIRE fellows during the project. The following list is probably incomplete but should give a sense of the fellows’ considerable accomplishments:

1. Dymerska, Justyna ‘Poland immigration policy: in statu nascendi’, UNDP Development and Transition, 2 (2005).
2. Dymerska, Justyna ‘The management of external borders: between sovereignty and burden-sharing. A view from Poland’, Foreign Policy in Dialogue, Vol. 8 Issue 22 (May 3, 2007), pp.59-67. http://
3. Dymerska, Justyna ‘Guided Europeanisation of Central and Eastern Europe: a new framework for analysis’, Central European University’s Political Science Journal.
4. Holden, Patrick ‘Partnership lost? The European Union’s Mediterranean aid programmes’, Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 10, Issue 1, 2005. pp. 19-37.
5. Holden, Patrick ‘Hybrids on the rim? The EU’s Mediterranean aid policy’, Democratization, Vol. 12 Issue 5, 2005.
6. Mälksoo, Maria ‘Enabling NATO enlargement: changing constructions of the Baltic states’, TRAMES: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3 (2004), pp. 284-298.
7. Mälksoo, Maria ‘From existential politics towards normal politics? The Baltic states in the enlarged Europe’, Security Dialogue vol. 37, No. 3, September 2006.
8. Mälksoo, Maria et al. ‘Critical approaches to security in Europe: A networked manifesto’, Security Dialogue Vol. 37, No. 4 (2006), pp. 443-87. This publication was co-authored with other young critical theorists from other European countries.
9. Mälksoo, Maria ‘The future of collective defence in the globalising NATO’, Diplomaatia, no. 39 (November 2006), pp. 6-7.
10. Nones, Alberto ‘Umanita possibile’, Edizioni ConTatto (December 2006).
11. Nones, Alberto ‘The dynamics of European identity’, Proceedings from the Conference, European Culture, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, October 2005 by Thomson Press.
12. Nones, Alberto ‘Europe as respect’, Proceedings from the Conference on European Culture, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, October 2005 by Thomson Press.
13. Nones, Alberto, book review of Godfrey, S. and Unger, F. (eds.), ‘The shifting foundations of modern nation-states: realignments of belonging’, University of Toronto Press, 2004.
14. Nones, Alberto, review of Verdun, A. and Croci, O., ‘The European Union in the wake of eastern enlargement: institutional and policy-making challenges’, Manchester University Press, 2005, in Political Studies Review, vol. 4, p. 86, January 2006.
15. Pogodda, S and Saleem Haddad ‘The European neighbourhood policy - A view from the South’, GO Euro-Med Working Paper No. 0616, 2007.
16. Wichmann, Nicole ‘EU rule of law promotion in the ENP - Normative or strategic power EU’, Politique Européenne, February 2007.
17. Wichmann, Nicole, with Lavenex, Sandra and Lehmkuhl Dirk, ‘Erweiterte Governance in den Nachbarschaftspolitiken der EU’, Politische Vierteljahresschrift, February 2007.

18. Wichmann, Nicole ‘JHA in the ENP’, CEPS Working Paper.