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Correlations and Topology in Electronic Systems

Objective

Electrons moving in a solid experience strong Coulomb repulsive interactions. These interactions can lead to extraordinarily fascinating and complex behavior at low temperatures, such as superconductivity and the quantum Hall effect. This proposal deals with the properties of many-electron systems in which the electron-electron interactions play an important role, changing the low-energy physics qualitatively, and leading to novel quantum states of matter which cannot be described by models of weakly interacting particles. In the first part of this proposal, I intend to pursue a new theoretical method of studying the properties of quantum critical points in metals. Such transitions are ubiquitous in many correlated materials, such as the high-temperature superconductors, and may hold the key to understanding some of the properties of these materials. The new technique relies on formulating a model which can be simulated numerically in an efficient manner, avoiding the well-known “fermion sign problem” which often hinders the study of models involving
fermions. Extensions of this technique to other fermionic models will also be explored.
In the second part of the proposal, I will study properties of interaction-driven electronic phases that have an underlying topological structure. Such systems have drawn much attention in condensed matter physics, especially over the last few years, following the discovery of the topological insulators. I will propose new ways of realizing time-reversal invariant topological superconducting phases in composite structures of superconductors and semiconductor materials. Finally, I will study how interfaces between superconductors and quantum Hall systems, either in the integer or fractional regime, can lead to new types of topological phases which may be interesting from a quantum information processing perspective.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/condensed matter physics
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/theoretical physics/particles/fermion
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/data science/data processing
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/electromagnetism and electronics/electrical conductivity/superconductor

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2013-CIG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-CIG - Support for training and career development of researcher (CIG)

Coordinator

WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
Address
Herzl Street 234
7610001 Rehovot
Israel
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 100 000
Administrative Contact
Gabi Bernstein (Ms.)