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Investigation of Greenland temperature variability over the 6000 years using trapped air in ice cores

Objective

Greenland temperature is one of the most important variables when considering future climate change, as it has the potential to impact a significant percentage of the population through an increase of the global sea level resulting from the melting of the Greenland ice sheet. Therefore, it is critical to understand the mechanism of Greenland temperature variability over multidecadal to centennial time scales with societal relevance. A new method has been developed to reconstruct Greenland temperature variability using argon and nitrogen isotopes in occluded air in ice cores coupled with a firn densification heat diffusion model. The method is based upon the fact that gasses in the firn (unconsolidated snow layer) fractionate based on the depth and temperature gradient of the layer. In the proposed research, we plan to reconstruct temperature change in northern Greenland over the past 6000 years using the NGRIP ice core. The period from the middle Holocene to the present is considered similar to the preindustrial climate, so it is an important period for which to understand the natural climate variability because the future climate under increasing greenhouse gasses is expected to evolve with the natural variability. The NGRIP ice core will be analysed for the argon and nitrogen isotopes of occluded air in ice cores, and the firn densification models used to calculate the surface temperature will be improved by testing them with other models and data from other cores. A new firn model that is fully consistent with argon and nitrogen isotopes, the Ar/N2 ratio in occluded air, and the oxygen isotopes of ice will then be developed, which may provide information on past accumulation rate change. Finally, the reconstructed Greenland temperature changes will be investigated with climate models to constrain the past influences of North Atlantic Oscillation and Atlantic meridional overturning circulation.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds
  • /natural sciences/earth and related environmental sciences/atmospheric sciences/climatology/climatic changes/north atlantic oscillation

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IIF
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-IIF - International Incoming Fellowships (IIF)

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET BERN
Address
Hochschulstrasse 6
3012 Bern
Switzerland
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 277 296,80
Administrative Contact
Markus Leuenberger (Prof.)